Australia

Custodia 320 SC

registration_expired
ADAMA - fungicide
66541

GROUP 3 11 FUNGICIDE

Crops: Grapevines, Wheat, Barley, Peanuts
Controls or Suppresses: Powdery mildew, Downy mildew, Botrytis, Scald, Rust, Net Blotch, Septoria Nodorum Blotch, Yellow Leaf Spot, Septoria Tritici Blotch, Early Leaf Spot, Late Leaf Spot as per the Directions for Use Table

DIRECTIONS FOR USE
RESTRAINTS
DO NOT apply if rain is expected within 48 hours.
DO NOT apply when wind speed is less than 3 or more than 20 kilometres per hour as measured at the application site.
Except when applying with orchard airblast equipment, DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than a MEDIUM spray droplet size category according to nozzle manufacturer specifications that refer to the ASAE S572 Standard or the BCPC Guideline.

MANDATORY NO-SPRAY ZONES
Aerial and Ground Applications
Aquatic Environment
DO NOT apply if there are aquatic or wetland areas including aquaculture ponds downwind from the application area and within the mandatory no-spray zones shown in Tables A and B below.

Cereals
No-Spray Zones for Protection of the Aquatic Environment
For aerial applications

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 3 to 8 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone:
Fixed-Wing: 60 metres
Helicopter: 20 metres

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 8 to 14 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone:
Fixed-Wing: 60 metres
Helicopter: 40 metres

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 14 to 20 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone:
Fixed-Wing: 60 metres
Helicopter: 40 metres

For ground applications

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 3 to 20 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone: 5 metres

Peanuts
No-Spray Zones for Protection of the Aquatic Environment
For aerial applications

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 3 to 8 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone:
Fixed-Wing: 100 metres
Helicopter: 80 metres

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 8 to 14 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone:
Fixed-Wing: 100 metres
Helicopter: 80 metres

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 14 to 20 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone:
Fixed-Wing: 100 metres
Helicopter: 80 metres

For ground applications

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 3 to 20 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone: 5 metres

Terrestrial Environment
DO NOT apply if there is non-target vegetation or animal habitat downwind form the application area and within the mandatory no-spray zones shown in Table C below.

No-Spray Zones for Protection of the Aquatic Environment
For aerial applications

Wind Speed Range at Time of Application: From 3 to 20 kilometres per hour
Downwind Mandatory No-Spray Zone:
Fixed-Wing: 20 metres
Helicopter: 20 metres

GRAPEVINES
Disease: Powdery Mildew (Uncinular necator)
Rate:
Dilute spraying: 65 or 100 mL/100L
Concentrate spraying: 1L/ha
WHP: H 4 weeks
Critical comments: Apply Custodia as part of a season-long spray program targeting the following growth stages:
1. When shoots are 20 cm long.
2. Pre-flowering.
3. Flowering.
4. After fruit set
5. Before bunches close.
Use the lower rate prior to flowering (before EL-19) or under low disease pressure. Apply the higher rate from the start of flowering (from EL-19) and under conditions of high disease pressure. Apply by dilute or concentrate spraying equipment. Apply the same total amount of product to the target crop whether applying this product by dilute or concentrate spraying methods.
DO NOT apply in volumes less than 250 L/ha. DO NOT apply at concentrations greater than 4X maximum label rate.
This use is subject to a CropLife Fungicide Resistance Management Strategy:
DO NOT apply more than two sprays of CUSTODIA per season.
DO NOT use CUSTODIA curatively.

Disease: Downy Mildew (Plasmopara viticola)
Rate:
Dilute spraying: 100 mL/100 L
Concentrate spraying: 1L/ha
WHP: H 4 weeks
Critical comments: Apply CUSTODIA as part of a seasonal preventative spray program commencing when shoots are approximately 20cm long. Use CUSTODIA in rotation with other mode of action fungicides on a 7-21 day spray interval. Under conditions of high disease pressure and/or at critical timings i.e. during flowering; ensure that CUSTODIA is applied in rotation with fungicides from a different mode of action group such as AXIOM® PLUS.

Disease: Botrytis Bunch Rot (Botrytis cinerea)
Rate:
Dilute spraying: 100 mL/100 L
Concentrate spraying: 1L/ha
WHP: H 4 weeks
Critical comments: When CUSTODIA is used in a seasonal spray programme it will provide control of Botrytis additional to that of specific botryticides.
Under conditions of high disease pressure, Custodia should not be used for Botrytis control particularly at critical timings such as 80 to 100% capfall and pre-harvest.
This use is subject to a CropLife Fungicide Resistance Management Strategy:
Apply CUSTODIA preventatively.
DO NOT apply more than two sprays per season of CUSTODIA or any other Group 11 fungicide.
If three or fewer Botrytis sprays are applied in a season, use no more than one spray of CUSTODIA during the season.
If four or more Botrytis sprays are to be applied in a season, up to two CUSTODIA sprays can be applied per season.

BARLEY
Disease: Scald
Application:
Ground Application: Apply in at least 50 L of water/ha
Aerial Application: Apply in at least 10 L of water/ha
Rate / ha: 315 mL
WHP:
H 6 weeks
G 21 days
Critical comments: Apply when conditions favour disease development and preferably prior to the development of high levels of disease in the crop. Aim to apply from late tillering to early jointing if disease is present or conditions favour disease development. Regularly monitor the crop from 3-4 weeks after application for signs of reinfection.

Disease: Leaf Rust, Powdery Mildew, Net Blotch (suppression only)
Application:
Ground Application: Apply in at least 50 L of water/ha
Aerial Application: Apply in at least 10 L of water/ha
Rate / ha: 315 mL or 630 mL
WHP:
H 6 weeks
G 21 days
Critical comments: Apply when conditions favour disease development and preferably prior to the development of high levels of disease in the crop. Aim to apply from late tillering to early jointing if disease is present or conditions favour disease development.
Regularly monitor the crop for 3-4 weeks after application for signs of reinfection.
Use higher rate when longer disease control is required.

WHEAT
Disease: Leaf Rust, Septoria Nodorum Blotch, Stripe Rust, Yellow Leaf Spot
Application:
Ground Application: Apply in at least 50 L of water/ha
Aerial Application: Apply in at least 10 L of water/ha
Rate / ha: 315 mL or 630 mL
WHP:
H 6 weeks
G 21 days

Disease: Septoria Tritici Blotch
Application:
Ground Application: Apply in at least 50 L of water/ha
Aerial Application: Apply in at least 10 L of water/ha
Rate / ha: 630 mL
WHP:
H 6 weeks
G 21 days

Critical comments: Apply when conditions favour disease development and preferably prior to development of high disease levels in the crop. Aim to apply from full flag leaf emergence to early head emergence.
Regularly monitor the crop for 3-4 weeks after application for signs of reinfection.
Use higher rate when longer disease control is required.

Disease: Stem Rust
Application:
Ground Application: Apply in at least 50 L of water/ha
Aerial Application: Apply in at least 10 L of water/ha
Rate / ha: 315 mL or 630 mL
WHP:
H 6 weeks
G 21 days
Critical comments: Apply when conditions favour disease development or if more than 5% of stems become infected between full flag leaf emergence to late flowering. Apply preferably prior to development of high disease levels in the crop. Regularly monitor the crop after application for signs of reinfection. Where Stem Rust is the major disease yield responses are usually optimised by delaying application until full head emergence and using the higher rate. In severe cases, if a majority of stems are infected prior to full head emergence, apply at 315 mL/ha as soon as possible. If required, apply 315 mL/ha again after 3 weeks when heads are fully emerged.

PEANUTS
State: South Qld, NSW only
Disease: Early Leaf Spot, Late Leaf Spot, Rust, Net Blotch
Rate / ha:
Low rate 380mL
Medium rate 630mL
High rate 950mL
WHP:
H 3 weeks
G 3 weeks
Critical comments: Regularly monitor crops and apply 1 to 2 applications of CUSTODIA from first flowering and before disease is present or when there are low levels of disease in the crop. Use a 10-14 day interval between the first two applications, with the shorter interval recommended when conditions are conducive to disease infection.
Rate selection
Low rate - apply under conditions of low disease.
Medium rate - apply prior to or following wet weather.
High rate – apply where low disease is present prior to or immediately following wet weather.
Ground application: apply in at least 100L of water per hectare.
Aerial application: apply at least 30L of spray mixture per hectare.
Resistance Management
DO NOT apply more than three (3) CUSTODIA applications per crop.
DO NOT apply more than 1/3 of the total fungicide sprays per crop as CUSTODIA.
DO NOT apply more than two consecutive applications of CUSTODIA.
If two consecutive CUSTODIA applications are applied to a crop, they must be followed by at least two applications from an alternative chemical group. Refer to the resistance management guidelines for peanuts in the Fungicide Resistance Warning section of the General Instructions.
State: North Qld, WA, NT only
Disease: Early Leaf Spot, Late Leaf Spot, Rust
Rate / ha:
Low rate 500mL
Medium rate 630mL
High rate 950mL
WHP:
H 3 weeks
G 3 weeks
Critical comments: Begin spraying 3-4 weeks after planting. Adjust the rate according to the rate per sprayed hectare if band spraying. DO NOT band spray after 6 weeks from planting. Repeat applications at 10-14 day intervals, using the shorter interval when conditions are conducive to disease such as prolonged wet weather.
Rate selection
Low rate - apply under conditions of low disease.
Medium rate - apply prior to or following wet weather.
High rate – apply where low disease is present prior to or immediately following wet weather.
Ground application: apply in at least 100L of water per hectare.
Aerial application: apply at least 30L of spray mixture per hectare.
Resistance Management
DO NOT apply more than three (3) CUSTODIA applications per crop.
DO NOT apply more than 1/3 of the total fungicide sprays per crop as CUSTODIA.
DO NOT apply more than two consecutive applications of CUSTODIA.
If two consecutive CUSTODIA applications are applied to a crop, they must be followed by at least two applications from an alternative chemical group. Refer to the resistance management guidelines for peanuts in the Fungicide Resistance Warning section of the General Instructions.
State: North Qld, WA, NT only
Disease: Net Blotch
Rate / ha:
Medium rate 630mL
High rate 950mL
WHP:
H 3 weeks
G 3 weeks
Critical comments: Regularly monitor crops and apply 1 to 2 applications of CUSTODIA before disease is present or when there are low levels of disease in the crop. Apply at 14 day intervals. If prolonged cool moist weather occurs, shorten spray interval to 10 days and use the higher rate.
Ground application: apply in at least 100L of water per hectare.
Aerial application: apply at least 30L of spray mixture per hectare.
Resistance Management
DO NOT apply more than three (3) CUSTODIA applications per crop.
DO NOT apply more than 1/3 of the total fungicide sprays per crop as CUSTODIA.
DO NOT apply more than two consecutive applications of CUSTODIA.
If two consecutive CUSTODIA applications are applied to a crop, they must be followed by at least two applications from an alternative chemical group. Refer to the resistance management guidelines for peanuts in the Fungicide Resistance Warning section of the General Instructions.

H = harvest, G = grazing

NOT TO BE USED FOR ANY PURPOSE, OR IN ANY MANNER, CONTRARY TO THIS LABEL UNLESS AUTHORISED UNDER APPROPRIATE LEGISLATION.

WITHHOLDING PERIODS
GRAPEVINES: DO NOT HARVEST FOR 4 WEEKS AFTER APPLICATION.
CEREALS: DO NOT HARVEST FOR 6 WEEKS AFTER APPLICATION.
DO NOT GRAZE OR CUT FOR STOCK FOOD FOR 21 DAYS AFTER APPLICATION.

EXPORT SLAUGHTER INTERVAL: DO NOT slaughter animals destined for export within 7 days of consumption of treated cereal forage or straw
PEANUTS:
DO NOT HARVEST FOR 21 DAYS AFTER APPLICATION.
DO NOT GRAZE OR CUT FOR STOCK FOOD FOR 21 DAYS AFTER APPLICATION.
DO NOT SLAUGHTER ANIMALS DESTINED FOR EXPORT WITHIN 7 DAYS OF CONSUMPTION OF TREATED PEANUT FORAGE OR FODDER.

WARNING
- CUSTODIA is extremely phytotoxic to certain apple varieties. Extreme care must be used to prevent injury to apple trees.
- AVOID SPRAY DRIFT. DO NOT spray CUSTODIA where spray drift may reach apple trees.
- DO NOT spray when conditions favour drift beyond the area intended for application. Conditions that may contribute to drift include thermal inversions, excessive wind speed, certain sprayer nozzle/pressure combinations, small spray droplet size etc.
- DO NOT use spray equipment to spray apple trees that has been previously used to apply CUSTODIA. Even trace amounts can cause unacceptable phytoxicity.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
FOLIAR DISEASES ON CEREAL CROPS
Do not apply to cereal crops more than once per season (630 mL/ha rate) or more than twice per season (315 mL/ha rate). Treatment will give approximately three weeks disease suppression. Economic responses may not be gained by spraying crops past flowering stage. The effects of fungicide application will not be clearly seen for 7-10 days after application.

FUNGICIDE RESISTANCE WARNING
CUSTODIA is a member of the DMI and quinine outside inhibitors (Qols) group of fungicides. For fungicide resistance management the product is both a Group 3 and a Group 11 fungicide. Some naturally occurring individual fungi resistant to CUSTODIA and other Group 3 and/or Group 11 fungicides may exist through normal genetic variability in any fungal population. The resistant individuals can eventually dominate the fungal population if these fungicides are used repeatedly. These resistant fungi will not be controlled by this product and other Group 3 and/or Group 11 fungicides, thus resulting in a reduction in efficacy and possible yield loss. Since the occurrence of resistant fungi is difficult to detect prior to use, Adama Australia Pty. Ltd. accepts no liability for any losses that may result from failure of CUSTODIA to control resistant fungi.

Peanuts
Disease control may be reduced if strains of pathogens less sensitive to CUSTODIA develop. The following guidelines apply when using CUSTODIA in peanuts:
- DO NOT use CUSTODIA curatively.
- DO NOT apply more than three applications of CUSTODIA per crop.
- DO NOT apply more than 1/3 of the total number of fungicide applications per crop as CUSTODIA. For example, if the total number of fungicides applied to the crop is 6, DO NOT apply more than 2 applications of CUSTODIA to the crop.
- DO NOT apply more than 2 consecutive applications of CUSTODIA.
- If two consecutive CUSTODIA applications are applied to a crop, they must be followed by at least two applications from an alternative chemical group.
- DO NOT apply more than 5 DMI sprays per season. CUSTODIA contains a DMI fungicide and should be included in the total number of DMI sprays.

MIXING
Prior to pouring, shake container vigorously, then add the required quantity of CUSTODIA to water in the spray vat while stirring or with agitators in motion. Rinse the empty container with water and add rinsings to spray tank.

APPLICATION
Apply a medium spray quality by both aerial application (cereal crops and peanuts only) and ground equipment.
Aircraft should fly as low as possible under the prevailing conditions to minimise drift. Aerial application MUST BE carried out with closed mixing/loading. Airblast application must be carried out with enclosed cab equipment.

Special Instructions for Grapevines
Dilute Spraying
Use a sprayer designed to apply high volumes of water up to the point of run-off and matched to the crop canopy size being sprayed. Set up and operate the sprayer to achieve even coverage throughout the canopy. Apply sufficient water to cover the crop to the point of run-off. Avoid excessive run-off. The required water volume may be determined by applying different test volumes, using different settings on the sprayer, from industry guidelines or expert advice. Add the amount of product specified in the Directions for Use table for each 100 L of water. If greater than 1000 L/ha is required to achieve the point of run-off, adjust the amount of product added for each 100 L of water to ensure that no more than 1.0 L/ha product is applied. The required dilute spray volume will change, and the sprayer set up and operation may also need to be changed, as the crop grows.
Concentrate Spraying
Use a sprayer designed and set up for the concentrate spraying (that is a sprayer which applies water volumes less than those required to reach the point of run-off) and matched to the crop being sprayed. Set up and operate the sprayer to achieve even coverage throughout the crop canopy using your chosen water volume. Determine an appropriate dilute spray volume (See Dilute Spraying above) for the crop canopy. This is needed to calculate the concentrate mixing rate. The mixing rate for concentrate can then be calculated in the following way:
EXAMPLE ONLY
1. Dilute spray volume as determined above: For example 1500 L/ha.
2. Your chosen concentrate spray volume: For example 500 L/ha.
3. The concentration factor in this example is: 3x (ie 1500 L ÷ 500 L = 3).
4. If the dilute label rate is 100 mL/100 L, then the concentrate rate becomes 3 x 100, that is 300 mL/100 L of concentrate spraying.
The chosen spray volume, amount of product per 100 L of water, and the sprayer set up and operation may need to be changed as the crop grows.
DO NOT use a concentrate rate higher than that specified in the Critical Comments.
For further information on concentrate spraying, users are advised to consult relevant industry guidelines, undertake appropriate competency training and follow industry Best Practices.

Peanuts
Ground application: apply in spray volumes ranging from 100 to 500L/ha. Use of hollow cone or flat fan nozzles is recommended.
Aerial application: apply a minimum of 30L/ha spray volume. Use a higher spray volume of 60L/ha when applying to dense crops.

Effective
Crops
Vines
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
1 - 1
Preharvest Interval
28
Crops
Almonds
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
1 - 1
Preharvest Interval
35