DIRECTIONS FOR USE
SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING
It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling.
Do not apply this product in a way that will contact workers or other persons, either directly or through drift. Only protected handlers may be in the area during application. For any requirements specific to your State or Tribe, consult the agency responsible for pesticide regulation. Do not apply when wind speed favors drift beyond the area intended for treatment.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION
Apply Topsin 4.5FL with ground or aerial equipment, using sufficient volume of spray to provide thorough coverage. Continuous agitation is required to keep the material in suspension. United Phosphorus, Inc. does not recommend tank mixes with highly alkaline pesticides, such as Bordeaux mixture or lime sulfur.
No claim of compatibility with other pesticides is implied. Use the higher rate under conditions of severe disease pressure. Also, see local State Extension Service recommendations for application schedules.
Use the fl. oz./Acre rate for concentrate sprays (less than 400 gallons on apples, less than 300 gallons on stonefruit). Use the fl. oz./100 gals. rate for dilute ground applications. For aerial applications, use a minimum of 5 gallons/A for row crops, and a minimum of 10 gallons/A for tree crops. For ground applications use a minimum of 20 gallons/A for row crops and 30 gallons/A for tree crops. Higher spray volume will generally result in better coverage and better disease control.
Lack of control when using below minimum spray volumes is solely at the risk of the applicator/user, including use of electrostatic sprayers.
Chemigation instructions follow. Do not apply through any irrigation system unless these instructions are followed.
For crops without labeled uses of thiophanate-methyl, observe a 30-day plantback restriction.
Use on all labeled non-bearing tree fruit and tree nuts: Topsin 4.5FL may be used for control of the diseases listed on the label for these crops during the non-bearing years of new plantings, and on nursery stock. All use directions and limitations must be followed, except for the PHI, which is not applicable. Begin applications as disease is first observed or expected. Tank mixing with a protectant fungicide is strongly recommended for resistance management.
RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT: To avoid the development of tolerant or resistant strains of fungi, Topsin 4.5FL should always be tank-mixed with a fungicide of different chemistry, and/or a fungicide of different chemistry should be alternated with Topsin 4.5FL. DO NOT USE PRODUCTS CONTAINING THIABENDAZOLE OR OTHER PRODUCTS CONTAINING THIOPHANATE-METHYL IN COMBINATION, IN ROTATION, OR AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR TOPSIN 4.5FL AS THEY ARE OF SIMILAR CHEMISTRY AND WILL CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESISTANCE. If after using Topsin 4.5FL as recommended, and the treatment is not effective, a tolerant or resistant strain of fungi may be present.
Discontinue the use of Topsin 4.5FL for at least one season. As long as these precautions are followed, Topsin 4.5FL can be useful for disease control, even if resistant strains are present.
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