Austral bracken

Pteridium esculentum

Rhizome very long-creeping, 2–10 mm diam., densely covered with dark, red-brown simple hairs.

Fronds erect, stiff, mostly 0.6–1.5 m high; stipe brown; minor rachises with wing-like lobes between segments; lamina dark green above but paler below, older fronds glabrous above with fine hairs below, broad-triangular in outline, 3–4-pinnate; ultimate segments narrow, entire or with a few basal lobes.

Sori ± continuous beneath margins; indusium 2-lipped, outer lip green, inner lip pale brown.

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