Advance 10GRegistration expired
Gowan - Herbicide
21742

GENERAL INFORMATION
Advance 10G Herbicide is a preemergence herbicide which is mixed (incorporated) into the soil to provide long-lasting control of many annual grasses and broadleaved weeds. Advance 10G Herbicide controls susceptible weeds by killing seedlings as they germinate. It does not control established weeds or weeds which germinate below the treated soil layer.
DO NOT apply this product in a way that will contact workers or other persons, either directly or through drift. Only protected handlers may be in the area during application.
Discard clothing or other absorbent materials that have been heaving contaminated with this product.
DO NOT reuse them.
Users should remove clothing immediately if pesticide gets inside. Then wash thoroughly and put on clean clothing.
DO NOT apply this product directly to freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs, ditches and wetlands), estuaries or marine habitats.
DO NOT contaminate irrigation or drinking water supplies or aquatic habitats by cleaning of equipment or disposal of wastes.
To minimize the release of trifluralin into the environment due to volatilization, trifluralin should only be applied on cool mornings and evenings when air temperatures are 15°C or lower. To further reduce volatilization to the atmosphere, incorporation into the soil should occur concurrently with application.

INSTRUCTIONS
FAILURE TO FOLLOW LABEL INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN ERRATIC WEED CONTROL OR CROP DAMAGE. USUAL OR STANDARD SEEDING PRACTICES MAY NOT SUFFICE. READ ALL DIRECTIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE APPLYING.

WARNINGS

Application
Do not apply Advance 10G Herbicide to peat or muck soil, or soils which contain more than 15% organic matter.
Do not apply to fields spread with manure within the last 12 months. After this period, ensure the manure has been thoroughly disintegrated and mixed into the soil to a depth of 10 to 15 cm.
If the swath or stubble is removed by burning, cultivate once to remove the charcoal layer from the soil surface prior to Advance 10G Herbicide application.
Application to soils subject to prolonged periods of flooding may result in accelerated herbicide breakdown. Additionally, application to wet soils or soils in poor working condition could result in reduced weed control. See Land Preparation section of this label for further precautions.
Do not apply to soils with less than 2% organic matter. Application to eroded knolls or grey-wooded soils with highly variable texture or organic matter may result in reduced crop stand, delayed development or reduced yields in either the treated crop or rotational crop.
Apply uniformly at the recommended rates. Over-application caused by overlapping, improper calibration or uneven application may reduce crop stands in the treated crop or rotational crop.
DO NOT APPLY BY AIR.
To avoid potential injury to future wheat rotational crops, growers should avoid applying trifluralin and/or ethalfluralin on the same land at an oilseed/special crop/barley rate for two consecutive crops.

Crop Year
Applied and incorporated according to directions, Advance 10G Herbicide will not harm the treated or rotational crop. However, seedling disease, deep planting, excessive moisture, high salt concentration, soil compaction or drought may weaken crop seedlings and increase the risk of injury, which may result in delayed crop development or reduced yields.
To reduce the possibility of injury to the treated crop, use good quality certified seed. Seed shallow into a warm, moist firm seedbed using recommended agronomic practices which will promote rapid and even crop germination and emergence.
Each crop has a specific seeding depth requirement and seeding deeper than recommended can increase the potential risk of damage to the seedling. Refer to industry or government extension published documents which outline recommended seeding practices/depths for each crop.
CAUTION: Do not graze the treated immature crops or cut for hay; there are not sufficient data available to support such use.

Rotational Crop
Applied and incorporated according to label directions, Advance 10G Herbicide will not harm rotational crops. However, seedling disease, cold weather, deep planting, excessive moisture, high salt concentrations, soil compaction or drought may weaken seedlings and increase the risk of injury, which may result in delayed crop development or reduced yields.
As a precaution, oats, sugar beets and small-seeded grasses such as timothy, canaryseed grass and creeping red fescue should not be grown in rotation following a crop treated with Advance 10G Herbicide.
The persistence of Advance 10G Herbicide is influenced by soil moisture and the majority of breakdown occurs during the growing season. If drought or extended dry periods were present in the previous year, higher levels of Advance 10G Herbicide may be present in the soil. To reduce the possibility of injury to rotational crops, seed shallow into a warm moist seedbed using recommended agronomic practices and seeding depths. As an additional safety precaution seeding rate may be increased slightly (10%).
Do not seed wheat as a rotational crop if trifluralin and/or ethalfluralin has been used at an oilseed/special crop/barley rate for two consecutive crops.
Do not direct seed (zero till) a rotational crop into standing stubble on land that has been treated with trifluralin or ethalfluralin for the previous crop. A cultivation prior to seeding of the rotational crop is strongly recommended to help aerate the soil and promote seedbed conditions which will enhance seed germination.
When seeding a rotational crop, use good quality certified seed. Seed shallow into a warm, moist firm seedbed using recommended agronomic practices which will promote rapid and even crop germination and emergence. Avoid deep seeding, loose seedbeds and seeding into cold soils.
Each crop has a specific seeding depth requirement and seeding deeper than recommended can increase the potential risk of damage to the seedling. Refer to industry or government extension published documents which outline recommended seeding practices/depths for each crop.

Weed Resistance
Populations of green foxtail tolerant to trifluralin have developed in a number of fields in Western Canada which have had a long history of repeated trifluralin use. Trifluralin or ethalfluralin containing products (i.e., Advance 10G Herbicide, Treflan Herbicide (4), Heritage (5), Triflurex (1), Rival (2), Fortress (3) and Edge (4) Herbicides) will not control trifluralin tolerant green foxtail. To delay selection or reduce the spread of trifluralin tolerant green foxtail, avoid the use of these products repeatedly in the same field or use a separate herbicide application for control of trifluralin tolerant green foxtail. As a preventative measure, Gowan Company, L.L.C. strongly recommends rotating the use of herbicides that have different modes of action. Consult provincial extension personnel for more information. 

(1) Triflurex is a registered trademark of Makhteshim-Agam of North America Inc. 
(2) Rival is a registered trademark of Nufarm Agriculture Inc. 
(3) Fortress is a registered trademark of Gowan Company LLC 
(4) Edge and Fallowblend are registered trademarks of Dow AgroSciences LLC. 
(5) Heritage is a registered trademark of Dow AgroSciences LLC. 

DIRECTIONS FOR USE IN OILSEED AND SPECIALTY CROPS

Land Preparation
When applying to unworked stubble fields, cultivate once before application of Advance 10G Herbicide to allow granules to penetrate to the soil surface. If existing weed growth is heavy, cultivate to destroy existing weeds before application of Advance 10G Herbicide. Disc-type implements provide the best results. To avoid concentrating wild oat seeds below the treated layer, do not plow (moldboard) land prior to application of Advance 10G Herbicide. If the swath is removed by burning, cultivate once to remove charcoal layer prior to application of Advance 10G Herbicide.

Application
Apply with a properly calibrated granular herbicide applicator that will apply the granules uniformly. 
Calibrate the applicator according to manufacturer’s directions and check frequently during application to be sure equipment is working properly. Avoid concentration of the material in narrow bands. Apply Advance 10G Herbicide to soil surface and incorporate in the same operation if possible. Ensure that large clods are broken. Do not delay incorporation more than 24 hours after application. When applied as directed, Advance 10G Herbicide will not harm the treated crop or crops that follow in rotation; however, an over-application caused by overlapping, improper calibration, non-uniform application etc. may reduce stands of the treated crop or rotational crops.

Incorporation
To incorporate, work Advance 10G Herbicide into the soil in two different directions. Use a tandem disc, discer or field (vibra-shank type) cultivator set to work 8 to 10 cm deep for the first incorporation. Disc or cultivate in a cross direction at the same depth. Operate disc implements at 7 to 10 km/hr and cultivators at 10 to 13 km/hr. DEEP TILLAGE CULTIVATOR NOT RECOMMENDED. A field cultivator (vibra-shank type) is defined as an implement with 3 or 4 rows of sweeps spaced at intervals of 20 cm or less and staggered so that no soil is left unturned.
Advance 10G Herbicide should not be incorporated with a field cultivator when the soil is crusted, lumpy or too wet for good mixing action.
Disc type implements are preferred on stubble to ensure a 10 cm depth of operation.
Incorporation with implements set to cut less than 8 cm deep or more than 10 cm deep may result in erratic weed control or crop damage.
Rod weeders, harrows, deep tillage cultivators, chisel plows or hoe drills will not properly incorporate Advance 10G Herbicide.

NOTE: FOR MORE EFFECTIVE WEED CONTROL, IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE SECOND INCORPORATION MUST BE DELAYED FOR AT LEAST 3 DAYS FOLLOWING THE FIRST INCORPORATION. THIS ALLOWS TIME FOR GREATER RELEASE OF ADVANCE 10G HERBICIDE ONTO SOIL PARTICLES AND ASSURES MORE UNIFORM DISTRIBUTION IN SOILS.

Fall Application
Advance 10G Herbicide can be applied in the fall between September 1 and prior to soil freeze-up for weed control the following year. On all deep black soils and heavy textured soils, early fall application is preferred to allow more time for even dispersion of Advance 10G Herbicide in the treated soil layer. Apply fall rates and incorporate as above. The initial incorporation must be done within 24 hours of application.
FOR BEST RESULTS IT IS RECOMMENDED TO DO BOTH INCORPORATIONS IN THE FALL FOLLOWED BY TILLAGE (5 to 8 cm) IN THE SPRING PRIOR TO PLANTING.

Summer Application
Advance 10G Herbicide can be applied to summerfallow between June 1 and September 1 for weed control in canola and flax the following year. Apply the summer rate and incorporate as above. Advance 10G Herbicide must be incorporated at least twice with the implement operated in two different directions.
The initial incorporation must be done within 24 hours of application. The second incorporation (and subsequent incorporations) may be done whenever necessary to destroy resistant weed growth during the remainder of the summerfallow. Tillage (5 to 8 cm) is necessary in the spring prior to seeding (refer to
Spring Tillage for Seedbed Preparation). DO NOT APPLY TO SAND AND SANDY LOAM SOILS.

Spring Tillage For Seedbed Preparation
Spring tillage following summer or fall application of Advance 10G Herbicide should be done prior to seeding when the soil is warm enough to promote germination. Use a disc or field cultivator (vibra-shank) set to cut at 5 to 8 cm deep. On all deep black soils and heavy textured soils, it is recommended to prework the soil early in the spring to aerate the layer treated with Advance 10G Herbicide for optimum weed control. Avoid transplanting weed seedlings; seed into a weed-free seedbed using accepted cultural practices. Avoid excessive compaction of the soil layer treated with Advance 10G Herbicide. Any operation that results in a more shallow or compacted treated layer may allow weeds to emerge. This compaction may result from tractor wheel tracks, implement wheels, drill press wheels or other field operations done after incorporation. Soils are more susceptible to compaction when they are moist.

SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR FLAX (Do not use on low linolenic acid varieties) AND LENTILS
Both incorporations of Advance 10G Herbicide must be done in the season of application prior to seeding in the spring. Leave at least 3 days between incorporations.
The seedbed should be shallowly tilled (5 to 8 cm) and packed just prior to seeding in the spring to ensure a firm seedbed and accurate depth of planting.
Seeding should be done with a press drill or hoe drill. Seed into a moist seedbed no more than 4 cm deep.
Do not seed flax early in May when soil conditions are cold. Seeding should generally not be prior to May 15.
Refer to Warning statement regarding stresses that can lead to crop injury or yield reduction.

ADVANCE 10G HERBICIDE PLUS A REGISTERED POSTEMERGENCE TRIAZINE HERBICIDE FOR TRIAZINE TOLERANT CANOLA

NOTE:
 THIS TREATMENT FOR USE ONLY ON TRIAZINE TOLERANT CANOLA. NON-TRIAZINE TOLERANT CANOLA WILL BE KILLED BY THIS COMBINATION.

Advance 10G Herbicide may be applied in the summer or fall for triazine tolerant canola. A postemergence triazine herbicide registered for this use may then be applied after crop emergence to control several additional broadleaved weeds. Refer to individual labels of the postemergence herbicides for specific recommendations and follow warnings and precautions as stated.

SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE IN BARLEY - FALL APPLICATION ONLY
User instructions must be followed closely to ensure good crop tolerance.
Be sure to use the rates recommended for barley outlined in Table 2. For a list of weeds that are controlled in barley, refer to the Weeds Controlled section of this label. For barley, do not apply Advance 10G Herbicide on grey-wooded soils or other soils containing less than 2% organic matter or on black/deep black soils containing more than 6% organic matter. Application to eroded knolls may result in reduced crop stand.

Incorporation
General instructions for Incorporation and Fall Application are the same for barley as outlined in the Directions For Use section of this label. HOWEVER, ON BARLEY BOTH INCORPORATIONS MUST BE DONE IN THE FALL. Refer also to the Land Preparation and Application sections of this label.

Seeding
Seeding should be done with a press drill or hoe drill. Seed into a moist, warm seedbed with the drill set to seed shallow (approximately 5 cm deep). Use of discers and air seeders can result in uneven emergence of the barley due to the loose seedbed and variable seeding depth. If a discer or air seeder is used, the field should be packed or harrowed after seeding to promote quick and even germination. Do not seed early when soils are cold.

Precautions For Use In Barley
Do not apply Advance 10G Herbicide on stubble in the fall for barley when the crop harvested in the current calendar year was treated with either: Advance 10G, Treflan (or a product containing trifluralin) or Edge (ethalfluralin) Herbicides. This includes applications made in the previous summer or fall.
Refer to the Warning statement regarding stresses that can lead to crop injury or yield reductions. Apart from these conditions, any early season effects on crop development that may be noted are temporary and the crop will develop to full yield potential.

FALL APPLICATION TO STUBBLE OR SUMMERFALLOW FOR CONTROL OF GREEN FOXTAIL IN WHEAT
Recommended Rates Of Advance 10G Herbicide Per Hectare (FALL APPLICATION)
Soils between 2% and 8% organic matter.
Date of Application September 1 to freeze-up
Rate of product per hectare 5.5 kg/ha

WARNING
Application to severely eroded knolls may result in reduced crop stand.
5.5 kg/ha is the maximum rate for wheat. Do not use higher rates for wheat as crop injury may result.
CAUTION: Do not apply Advance 10G Herbicide on stubble in the fall for wheat when the crop harvested in the current calendar year was treated with Advance 10G Herbicide, Treflan, Heritage, (or a trifluralin product) or Edge (ethalfluralin) herbicides. This includes applications made in the previous summer or fall.

Land Preparation
Advance 10G Herbicide may be fall applied to summerfallow and to standing or preworked stubble, provided trash is not so heavy as to prevent soil mixing due to plugging of the implement. Advance 10G Herbicide may be applied over top of moderate green growth (not affecting soil mixing). If green growth is heavy (interfering with soil mixing), destroy existing growth before application of Advance 10G Herbicide either by cultivation or with the application of a recommended herbicide. If the swath is removed by burning, cultivate once to remove charcoal layer prior to Advance 10G Herbicide application.

Application
Advance 10G Herbicide can be applied in the fall between September 1 and prior to soil freeze-up for green foxtail control the following year. Apply with a properly calibrated granular herbicide applicator that will apply the granules uniformly. Calibrate the applicator according to manufacturer’s directions and check frequently during application to ensure the equipment is working properly. Avoid concentration of the material in narrow bands or strips. Apply Advance 10G Herbicide to the soil surface and incorporate in the same operation if possible. Ensure that large clods are broken. Do not delay incorporation more than 24 hours after application. When applied as directed, Advance 10G Herbicide will not harm crops that follow in rotation; however, an over-application caused by overlapping, improper calibration, non-uniform application etc., may reduce stands of crops that follow in rotation.

Incorporation
Incorporate Advance 10G Herbicide into the soil in two different directions using a field cultivator, deep tillage cultivator or disc implement operated at 8 to 10 km/hr and set to work 5 to 8 cm deep. The second working should be done in a cross direction at the same depth.
To conserve trash cover throughout the winter, one incorporation may be completed in the fall with the second incorporation done in spring at the time of seedbed preparation.
Both incorporations may be completed in the fall. If so, it is recommended that the second working be delayed at least 3 days following the first. This allows time for greater release of Advance 10G Herbicide onto the soil particles and assures more uniform distribution in the soil. The second incorporation should be done in a cross direction to the first and at the same depth.
Advance 10G Herbicide should not be incorporated with a field cultivator when the soil is crusted, lumpy or too wet for good mixing action.
Incorporation with implements set to cut less than 5 cm deep or more than 8 cm deep may result in erratic weed control or crop damage.
Rod weeders, harrows or hoe drills will not properly incorporate Advance 10G Herbicide.

Spring Tillage For Seedbed Preparation
All spring tillage following fall application of Advance 10G Herbicide should be done when the soil is warm enough to promote germination.
When only one incorporation is completed in the fall to conserve trash cover, the spring tillage should be done at an angle or cross direction to the fall incorporation with the implement operated at a 5 to 8 cm depth.
When both incorporations are completed in the fall, shallow spring tillage (no deeper than fall incorporation) should be completed with a cultivator or disc implement.
Avoid transplanting weed seedlings.

Seeding
Seed into a firm, moist, weed-free seedbed using a double disc press drill or hoe drill set to seed 3 to 6 cm deep.
If a discer or air seeder is used for seeding, separate spring tillage may not be necessary. However, care must be exercised such that the discer or air seeder is set to uniformly place the seed 3 to 6 cm deep and the seedbed should be firmly packed or harrowed after seeding to promote good germination.
To reduce the risk of wheat injury, use quality seed and agronomic practices which will promote good growing conditions. Avoid deep seeding, loose seedbeds and seeding into cold soils. When seeding semi-dwarf wheat, special care should be taken to ensure shallow seeding. Check local recommendations for proper seeding depth.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE ON SUMMERFALLOW
Advance 10G Herbicide is a preemergence herbicide which is blended (mixed into the soil) to provide control of several annual grasses and annual broadleaved weeds during both years of the summerfallowwheat rotation. ADVANCE 10G HERBICIDE CONTROLS SUSCEPTIBLE WEEDS BY KILLING SEEDLINGS AS THEY GERMINATE. It will not control established weeds.

Land Preparation
By reducing the number of fallow workings in a season, a greater trash cover is retained which reduces wind erosion and evaporation. The greatest reduction in the number of necessary fallow cultivations in a season may be obtained by applying Advance 10G Herbicide just prior to the first spring fallow working.
Advance 10G Herbicide may be applied to standing or preworked stubble, provided trash is not so heavy as to prevent soil mixing. Advance 10G Herbicide may be applied over top of moderate green growth (not affecting soil mixing). If green growth is heavy (interfering with soil mixing), destroy existing growth before application of Advance 10G Herbicide either by cultivation or with the application of a recommended herbicide.

Application
Application of Advance 10G Herbicide to summerfallow fields will provide weed control during both years of the summerfallow-wheat rotation. Apply with a properly calibrated granular herbicide applicator that will apply Advance 10G Herbicide uniformly.
Calibrate the applicator according to manufacturer’s directions and check frequently during application to ensure equipment is working properly. Avoid concentration of the material in narrow bands or strips.
Apply Advance 10G Herbicide to soil surface and Fallowblend in the same operation if possible (see below for Fallowblend* details). Ensure that large clods are broken. When applied as directed, Advance 10G Herbicide will not injure wheat grown in rotation after summerfallow; however, an over-application caused by overlapping, improper calibration or non-uniform application may result in reduced crop stand, delayed development or reduced yields.

Fallowblend Operations
To Fallowblend, mix Advance 10G Herbicide into the soil in two different directions using a field cultivator, deep tillage cultivator or a disc implement operated at 8 to 10 km/hr. The first Fallowblend operation must be done within 24 hours of application and the second working should be done no sooner than one week after application. Subsequent workings may be done whenever necessary to destroy resistant weed growth during the remainder of the fallow year. For the first two Fallowblend operations the equipment should be set to work 5 to 8 cm deep. Subsequent workings should be no deeper than 8 cm.
After completing the two Fallowblend operations, additional operations with a rod weeder or shallow tillage may be required to control resistant weed growth and more uniformly blend Advance 10G Herbicide into the soil. These additional cultivations should be as shallow as possible to minimize surface trash burial and evaporation.
Advance 10G Herbicide should not be blended with a cultivator when the soil is crusted, lumpy or too wet for good mixing action.
Blending with implements set to cut deeper than 8 cm may result in erratic weed control and crop injury

Spring Tillage For Seedbed Preparation
Seedbed preparation should be done using a field cultivator set to cut 5 cm deep (no deeper than the Fallowblend operation), when the soil is warm enough to promote good germination. Avoid transplanting weed seedlings; seed into a weed-free seedbed using a double disc drill or hoe drill set to seed 3 to 6 cm deep.
If a discer or air seeder is used for seeding, separate spring tillage may not be necessary. The discer or\ air seeder should be set to place seed 3 to 6 cm deep and the seedbed should be firmly packed or harrowed after seeding to promote good germination.

Seeding
To reduce the risk of wheat injury, use quality seed and agronomic practices which will promote good growing conditions - avoid deep seeding, loose seedbeds and seeding into cold soils.
When seeding semi-dwarf wheat, special care should be taken to ensure shallow seeding. Check local recommendations for proper seeding depth.

RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
For resistance management, Advance 10G Herbicide is a Group 3 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to Advance 10G Herbicide and other Group 3 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of Advance 10G Herbicide or other Group 3 herbicides with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted.
Herbicide use should be based on an IPM program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical), cultural, biological and other chemical control practices.
Monitor treated weed populations for resistance development.
Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment and planting clean seed.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc. at 1-800-667-3852 or at www.dowagro.ca.

NOTICE TO USER: This pest control product is to be used only in accordance with the directions on the label. It is an offence under the Pest Control Products Act to use this product in a way that is inconsistent with the directions on the label. The user assumes the risk to persons or property that arises from any such use of this product.

CropsBBCHRegistred normPreharvest Interval
Alfalfa, Lucerne0 - 011 - 17-
Beans0 - 011 - 17-
Black mustard0 - 011 - 17-
Brown mustard0 - 011 - 17-
Canola0 - 011 - 17-
Lentils0 - 011 - 17-
Mustard0 - 011 - 17-
Peas0 - 011 - 17-
Soybeans0 - 011 - 17-
Spring barley0 - 08.5 - 14-
Spring linseed, flax0 - 011 - 17-
Spring wheat0 - 05.5 - 5.5-
Sunflowers0 - 011 - 17-
Winter barley0 - 08.5 - 14-
Winter linseed, flax0 - 011 - 17-
Winter wheat0 - 05.5 - 5.5-