Canada

Ares

registration_expired
BASF - herbicide
30188

FOR SALE FOR USE IN THE PRAIRIE PROVINCES ONLY

1. GENERAL INFORMATION
ARES is a selective herbicide that is applied as an early post-emergence treatment in Clearfield Canola (1), Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea and Clearfield Lentils (1). Use of ARES on canola, canola quality Brassica juncea or lentil varieties not designated with the Clearfield trait may cause severe crop injury. ARES may be absorbed through both the roots and foliage and is translocated rapidly throughout the plant. Treated plants stop growing soon after spray application. Chlorosis appears first in the newest leaves, and necrosis spreads from this point. Chlorosis and tissue necrosis may not be apparent in some plant species until two weeks after application.
ARES must be applied post-emergence to the weeds. For maximum activity, weeds should be growing vigorously at the time of post-emergence applications.


2. DIRECTIONS FOR USE (PRAIRIE PROVINCES ONLY)
Field sprayer application
DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) medium classification. Boom height must be 60 cm or less above the crop or ground. DO NOT apply by air.

Buffer Zones
Use of the following spray methods or equipment DO NOT require a buffer zone: hand-held or backpack sprayer and spot treatment.
The buffer zones specified in the table below are required between the point of direct application and the closest downwind edge of sensitive terrestrial habitats (such as grasslands, forested areas, shelter belts, woodlots, hedgerows, riparian areas and shrublands).
Method of Application - Field sprayer
Crop - Clearfield Canola (1), Clearfield Lentils (1), Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea
Buffer Zone (metres) Required for the Protection of Terrestrial Habitat - 11

For tank mixes, consult the labels of the tank-mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the products involved in the tank mixture and apply using the coarsest spray (ASAE) category indicated on the labels for those tank mix partners.
Overspray or drift to sensitive habitats should be avoided. DO NOT apply this product directly to freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, coulees, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs, ditches and wetlands), estuaries or marine habitats.
DO NOT contaminate irrigation or drinking water supplies or aquatic habitats by cleaning of equipment or disposal of wastes.


3. REGISTERED USES
3.1 REGISTERED CROPS
ARES is a selective herbicide that can be applied as an early post-emergence treatment. When ARES is applied early post-emergence, absorption may occur through both the roots and foliage. Susceptible weeds stop growing and eventually die.
Clearfield Canola (1) (e.g., Canola varieties with the Clearfield trait)
Clearfield Lentils (1) (e.g., Lentil varieties with the Clearfield trait)
Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea (e.g., Canola Quality Brassica juncea varieties with the Clearfield trait)
Use of ARES on canola, canola quality Brassica juncea or lentil varieties not designated with the Clearfield trait may cause severe injury.


4. DIRECTIONS FOR USE (PRAIRIE PROVINCES ONLY)
4.1 CROPS
Crop / Water Volume / PHI
Clearfield Canola (1) (e.g., Canola varieties with the Clearfield trait) / 50-100 L/ha / 60
Clearfield Lentils (1) (e.g., Lentil varieties with the Clearfield trait / 50-100 L/ha / 60
Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea (e.g., Canola Quality Brassica juncea varieties with the Clearfield trait) / 50-100 L/ha / 60
Apply MERGE Adjuvant at a rate of 0.5% v/v (e.g. 5 L of MERGE Adjuvant per 1000 L spray solution). See crop specific section for additional details.

4.2 WEEDS CONTROLLED
ARES may be applied as an early post-emergence at a rate of 0.604 L/ha for control of weeds as listed below:
GRASSY WEEDS
Barnyard grass
Green foxtail
Spring germinating Japanese brome grass
Wild oats
Yellow foxtail
Persian darnel
Volunteer canary seed
Volunteer durum wheat
Volunteer barley
Volunteer tame oats
Volunteer spring wheat (non-imazamox tolerant wheat)

BROADLEAF WEEDS CONTROLLED
Chickweed
Cleavers
Cow cockle
Green smartweed
Hemp-nettle
Lamb’s-quarters
Redroot pigweed
Round-leaved mallow
Russian thistle
Shepherd’s purse
Stinkweed
Stork’s bill
Wild buckwheat
Wild mustard
Volunteer tame mustard
Volunteer canola (non-Clearfield canola varieties only)

4.3 CROP SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS
4.3.1 Clearfield Canola (1) (e.g., Canola varieties with the Clearfield trait)
Timing - Early Post-emergence
Rate - Apply ARES as a single post-emergent application 0.604 L/ha.
Weeds Controlled - See Section 4.2 for a complete list of weeds controlled.
Crop Stage - Application should be made from the 2 - 7 true leaf stage (prior to bud and flower formation) of the crop and after the weeds have emerged.
Grassy Weed Stage - To control grasses, apply ARES from the 1 – 6 true leaf stage with up to 2 tillers stage of grassy weeds with the exception of Japanese brome.
To control Japanese brome, apply from the 1 – 4 leaf stage.
Broadleaf Weed Stage - To control broadleaf weeds, apply ARES from the cotyledon to 4 leaf stage of broadleaf weeds.
To control lamb’s-quarters and wild buckwheat, apply ARES from the cotyledon to 6 leaf stage.
Remarks - Initial transient crop yellowing may be observed after application but this is outgrown and should not affect yield.
Apply MERGE Adjuvant at a rate of 0.5% v/v (e.g. 5 L of MERGE Adjuvant per 1000 L spray solution).

4.3.2 Tank Mixes for Clearfield Canola (1) (e.g., Canola varieties with the Clearfield trait) – ARES plus Lontrel 360, Lontrel SG or Lontrel 72
Crop - Clearfield Canola (1) (DO NOT apply to Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea)
Timing - Early Post-emergence
Rate - ARES at 0.604 L/ha + Lontrel 360 at 0.208 L/ha OR Lontrel SG at 100 g/ha OR Lontrel 72 Herbicide at 104 g/ha
Crop Stage - Apply to Clearfield Canola (1) when in the 2 - 6 leaf stage and when Canada thistle plants are actively growing.
Water Volume - 50-100 L/ha
Weeds Controlled - All weeds listed under Section 4.2 + top-growth control of perennial and annual sow thistle and Canada thistle.
Remarks - The tank-mix of ARES + Lontrel (liquid or dry) will provide season long top-growth control of Canada thistle, perennial and annual sow thistle.
Refer to the Lontrel 360, Lontrel SG or Lontrel 72 label for additional information regarding Canada thistle control. Follow all recommendations, precautions and restrictions on the ARES and Lontrel product labels.
Apply MERGE Adjuvant at a rate of 0.5% v/v (e.g. 5 L of MERGE Adjuvant per 1000 L spray solution).
THIS TANK-MIX IS REGISTERED FOR USE IN Clearfield CANOLA (1) ONLY.

4.3.3 Clearfield Lentils (1) (e.g., Lentil varieties with the Clearfield trait)
Timing - Early Post-emergence
Rate - Apply ARES as a single post-emergent application 0.604 L/ha.
Crop Stage - Application should be from 1 – 9 node stage and after weeds have emerged.
Grassy Weed Stage - To control grasses, apply ARES from the 1 – 6 true leaf stage with up to 2 tillers stage of grassy weeds with the exception of Japanese brome.
To control Japanese brome, apply from the 1 – 4 leaf stage.
Broadleaf Weed Stage - To control broadleaf weeds, apply ARES from the cotyledon to 4 leaf stage of broadleaf weeds.
To control lamb’s-quarters and wild buckwheat, apply ARES from the cotyledon to 6 leaf stage.
Weeds Controlled - See Section 4.2 for a complete list of weeds controlled.
Remarks - Initial transient crop yellowing may be observed after application but this is outgrown and should not affect yield.
Apply MERGE Adjuvant at a rate of 0.5% v/v (e.g. 5 L of MERGE Adjuvant per 1000 L spray solution).

4.3.4 Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea (e.g., Canola Quality Brassica juncea varieties with the Clearfield trait)
Timing - Early Post-emergence
Rate - Apply ARES as a single post-emergent application 0.604 L/ha.
Crop Stage - Application should be made from the 2 – 7 true leaf stage (prior to bud and flower formation) of the crop and after the weeds have emerged.
Grassy Weed Stage - To control grasses, apply ARES from the 1 – 6 true leaf stage with up to 2 tillers stage of grassy weeds with the exception of Japanese brome.
To control Japanese brome, apply from the 1 – 4 leaf stage.
Broadleaf Weed Stage - To control broadleaf weeds, apply ARES from the cotyledon to 4 leaf stage of broadleaf weeds.
To control lamb’s-quarters and wild buckwheat, apply ARES from the cotyledon to 6 leaf stage.
Weeds Controlled - See Section 4.2 for a complete list of weeds controlled.
Remarks - Initial transient crop yellowing may be observed after application but this is outgrown and should not affect yield.
Apply MERGE Adjuvant at a rate of 0.5% v/v (e.g. 5 L of MERGE Adjuvant per 1000 L spray solution).
Lontrel 360 or Lontrel SG CANNOT be used on Clearfield Canola1 Quality Brassica juncea.

4.3.5 ARES Tank-Mix with EQUINOX EC Herbicide
Crop - Clearfield Canola (1), Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea, Clearfield Lentils (1)
Timing - Early Post-emergence
Rate - Apply ARES at 0.604 L/ha plus EQUINOX EC Herbicide (according to label guidelines) as a single post-emergent application.
Crop Stage - Clearfield Canola (1) / Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea: Application should be from the 2 – 7 leaf stage (prior to bud and flower formation) of crop and after weeds have emerged.
Clearfield Lentils (1): Application should be from 1 – 9 node stage and after the weeds have emerged.
Grassy Weed Stage - To control grasses, apply ARES from the 1 – 6 true leaf stage with up to 2 tillers stage of grassy weeds with the exception of Japanese brome.
To control Japanese brome, apply from the 1 – 4 leaf stage.
Broadleaf Weed Stage - To control broadleaf weeds, apply ARES from the cotyledon to 4 leaf stage of broadleaf weeds.
To control lamb’s-quarters and wild buckwheat, apply ARES from the cotyledon to 6 leaf stage.
Weeds Controlled - See Section 4.2 and the EQUINOX EC Herbicide label for a complete list of weeds controlled. Includes control of volunteer Clearfield wheat (e.g. wheat varieties with the Clearfield trait)
Remarks - The addition of EQUINOX EC Herbicide will provide control of volunteer Clearfield wheat. The higher rate of EQUINOX EC Herbicide should be used when staging is late, or when weeds are under stress and not growing as actively due to moisture stress or temperature stress.
Follow all recommendations, precautions and restrictions on the ARES and EQUINOX EC Herbicide product labels.
Apply MERGE Adjuvant at a rate of 0.5% v/v (e.g. 5 L of MERGE Adjuvant per 1000 L spray solution).

4.4 MIXING INSTRUCTIONS
1. When applying ARES, always start with a clean sprayer. Thoroughly clean the sprayer by flushing the system with water containing detergent. Refer to previously applied product labels for specific cleaning instructions.
2. Apply 50-100 L/ha of spray solution.
3. Fill the spray tank with three-quarters of the required amount of clean water, start agitation and continue agitation throughout the entire mixing and spraying procedure.
4. ARES Alone
Add the required amount of ARES directly into the sprayer through the tank opening. Continue agitation and add the required amount of MERGE Adjuvant.
5. ARES Tank Mixes
Add the tank mixture ingredients in the order listed below:
a) Lontrel SG Herbicide or Lontrel 72 Herbicide:
Add the dry material first to the partially filled tank while agitating. Once dissolved, add the required amount of ARES.
b) Lontrel 360 Herbicide or EQUINOX EC Herbicide:
First add the required amount of ARES to the spray tank while agitating the spray solution. After the herbicide is thoroughly mixed, add the recommended amount of liquid tank mix partner.
Continue agitation while adding the required amount of MERGE Adjuvant.
6. Complete filling the tank to the desired level with water. If agitation is stopped for more than 5 minutes, re-suspend spray solution by full agitation prior to commencing spraying again.
7. Between loads of ARES, check in-line and nozzle screens and rinse and clean if necessary.
8. Upon completion of spraying ARES, thoroughly flush tank, boom, hoses and in-line and nozzle screens with clean water to avoid possible injury to other crops.
Dispose of all rinsings in accordance with provincial regulations.

4.5 SPRAYING INSTRUCTIONS
Select proper nozzle to avoid spraying fine mist. For best results, use sprayers equipped with flat fan or similar nozzles to ensure coverage. Apply in a spray volume of 50-100 L/ha and at a pressure of 275 kPa. For applications to dense weed infestations and thick canopies, use the higher spray volume. Better coverage of the product results in enhanced control of weeds.
Keep bypass line on or near bottom of tank to minimize foaming. Use 16 mesh suction screens, 50 mesh screens elsewhere on sprayer.

4.6 ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
1. This product is highly toxic to non-target aquatic and terrestrial plants. Observe buffer zones specified under DIRECTIONS FOR USE.
2. To reduce runoff from treated areas into aquatic habitats, avoid application to areas with a moderate to steep slope, compacted soil, or clay.
3. Avoid application of this product when heavy rain is forecast.
4. Contamination of aquatic areas as a result of runoff may be reduced by including a vegetative strip between the treated area and the edge of the water body.

4.7 ROTATIONAL CROPS
There is the possibility of residual soil activity for ARES the year following application. In case of crop failure, please consult your BASF Representative.
1 year after application
Canary seed
Chickpeas
Field peas
Field corn
Clearfield Canola (1)
Clearfield Canola (1) Quality Brassica juncea
Lentils including Clearfield Lentils (1)
Spring wheat including Clearfield Spring Wheat (1)
Spring barley
Tame oats
2 years after application
Canola
Durum wheat
Flax
Sunflower
There are insufficient data for other follow crops. Conduct a field bioassay (a test strip grown to maturity) the year before growing any crop other than those listed above.
WARNING: Certain environmental conditions may delay the breakdown of herbicide residues in soil. These conditions include but are not limited to drought, extremes in soil pH and excessive cold. Under these conditions, the level of phytotoxic herbicide residues present in the field the season following an application may result in an increased potential for injury to succeeding crops to occur. This potential for increased residues under these environmental conditions is not unique to any specific herbicide or herbicide group but is a property of those herbicides which persist in the soil and are dependent on soil microbial activity and other non-microbial processes (e.g. hydrolysis) to breakdown.

4.8 RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS
1. DO NOT apply when weather conditions may cause spray drift from treated fields to adjacent crops. Clean sprayer thoroughly after use to avoid damage to the next crop sprayed.
2. DO NOT enter or allow worker entry into treated areas during the restricted entry interval (REI) of 12 hours.
3. DO NOT apply directly to water. DO NOT contaminate water when disposing of equipment washwaters or rinsate.
4. Apply using ground equipment only. DO NOT APPLY BY AIR.
5. DO NOT apply more than once per year.
6. DO NOT treat any crops not listed on this label.
7. DO NOT apply to any crops that have been subjected to stress from conditions such as hail damage, flooding, drought, hot, humid weather, widely fluctuating temperature conditions, prolonged cold weather or injury from prior herbicide applications, as crop injury may result.
8. Apply only when the potential for drift to areas of human habitation or areas of human activity such as houses, cottages, schools and recreational areas is minimal. Take into consideration wind speed, wind direction, temperature inversions, application equipment and sprayer settings.
9. As this product is not registered for the control of pests in aquatic systems, DO NOT use to control aquatic pests.
10. In some cases, tank mixing a pest control product with another pest control product or a fertilizer can result in biological effects that could include, but are not limited to: reduced pest efficacy or increased host crop injury. The user should contact BASF at 1-877-371-2273 or www.agsolutions.ca for information before mixing any pesticide or fertilizer that is not specifically recommended on this label. The user assumes the risk of losses that result from the use of tank mixes that do not appear on this label or that are not specifically recommended by BASF.

4.9 WARNING
DO NOT apply ARES when weather conditions may cause spray drift from treated areas to adjacent crops.

4.10 RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
For resistance management, ARES is a Group 2 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to ARES and other Group 2. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of ARES or other Group 2 herbicides within a growing season (sequence) or among growing seasons with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted. To delay resistance, the less resistance-prone partner should control the target weed(s) as effectively as the more resistance-prone partner.
Herbicide use should be based on an integrated weed management program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical control methods), cultural (for example, higher crop seeding rates; precision fertilizer application method and timing to favour the crop and not the weeds), biological (weed-competitive crops or varieties) and other management practices.
Monitor weed populations after herbicide application for signs of resistance development (for example, only one weed species on the herbicide label not controlled). If resistance is suspected, prevent weed seed production in the affected area if possible by an alternative herbicide from a different group. Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment when moving between fields, and planting clean seed.
Have suspected resistant weed seeds tested by a qualified laboratory to confirm resistance and identify alternative herbicide options.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact BASF at 1-877-371-2273 or at www.agsolutions.ca.

(1) Methods of growing plants which are resistant to certain acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) herbicides are protected by Canadian Patent No. 1341465. The use of this product in the practice of patented methods could constitute patent infringement. The purchase of this product conveys no license to the purchaser to practice the patented methods.

Effective
Crops
Canola
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.604 - 0.604
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Lentils
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.604 - 0.604
Preharvest Interval
-