Canada

Distinct

registration_expired
BASF - herbicide
25811

FOR SALE FOR USE IN EASTERN AND WESTERN CANADA

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
1. Do not apply DISTINCT herbicide on or near desirable trees or plants (see Spray Drift Precautions).
2. Apply DISTINCT herbicide when air temperature is between 10-25ºC. Do not apply when there is a risk of severe drop in night temperature.
3. DO NOT contaminate irrigation or drinking water supplies or aquatic habitats by cleaning of equipment or disposal of wastes. Thoroughly clean application equipment. (See Container Cleaning and Disposal).
4. DO NOT use in residential areas, which are defined as sites where bystanders may be present during or after spraying, including homes, schools, parks, playgrounds, playing fields and public buildings.
5. DO NOT apply this product directly to freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs and wetlands), or to estuarine/marine habitats.
6. Do not treat areas where soil penetration or surface washing may bring DISTINCT herbicide into contact with the roots of desirable plants.
7. Crop damage may occur if DISTINCT herbicide is applied at any time other than the recommended crop stage.

Note: Crops growing under stress from adverse environmental conditions such as excess moisture, drought, disease, etc. may suffer a further setback and exhibit more pronounced injury symptoms if DISTINCT herbicide is applied. However, the crop injury that may occur is usually offset by the weed control obtained.

8. If DISTINCT herbicide is tank mixed with another product, consult that product’s label for additional safety precautions, restrictions, application rates, timings and additional weeds controlled.


ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
Toxic to non-target terrestrial plants and aquatic organisms. Observe the buffer zones and precautionary measures specified under DIRECTIONS FOR USE.


SPRAY DRIFT PRECAUTIONS
DISTINCT herbicide may cause injury to desirable trees and plants, particularly soybeans, tobacco, grapes, peas, potatoes, tomatoes, and many other fields, ornamental, and fruit crops. Follow these precautions when spraying in the vicinity of sensitive crops:
1. Do not spray DISTINCT herbicide if wind velocity exceeds 8 km/h. Leave an adequate buffer zone between spraying area and sensitive plants.
2. Use high-volume sprays under low pressure. Use coarse sprays since they are less likely to drift than fine sprays. Keep spray pressure below 150 kPa and the spray volume above 220 L/ha unless otherwise required by the nozzle manufacturer.
3. Do not spray DISTINCT herbicide when temperatures are expected to exceed 27 C.
4. Do not spray in high humidity or fog.


DIRECTIONS FOR USE
Field Sprayer Application
DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty.
DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) coarse classification. Boom height must be 60 cm or less above the crop or ground.
The buffer zones specified in the table below are required between the point of direct application and the closest downwind edge of sensitive terrestrial habitats (such as grasslands, forested areas, shelter belts, woodlots, hedgerows, riparian areas and shrublands), sensitive freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs and wetlands) and estuarine/marine habitats.

Method of application – Field sprayer (1)
Crop – Corn, chemfallow and post-harvest
Buffer zone (metres) required for the protection of:
Freshwater habitat- 15
Estuarine/Marine habitat- 15
Terrestrial habitat- 10

(1) For field sprayer application, buffer zones can be reduced with the use of drift-reducing spray shields. When using a spray boom fitted with a full shield (shroud, curtain) that extends to the crop canopy, the labelled buffer zone can be reduced by 70%. When using a spray boom where individual nozzles are fitted with cone-shaped shields that are no more than 30 cm above the crop canopy, the labelled buffer zone can be reduced by 30%.
When a tank mixture is used, consult the labels of the tank-mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the products involved in the tank mixture.

Surface Runoff
To reduce runoff from treated areas into aquatic habitats, consider the characteristics and conditions of the site before treatment. Site characteristics and conditions that may lead to runoff include, but are not limited to, heavy rainfall, moderate to steep slope, bare soil and poorly draining soil (e.g. soils that are compacted, fine textured or low in organic matter such as clay).
Potential for contamination of aquatic areas as a result of runoff may be reduced by including an untreated vegetative strip between the treated area and the edge of the water body.
Avoid applying this product when heavy rain is forecast.

Leaching
The use of this chemical may result in contamination of groundwater, particularly in areas where soils are permeable (e.g. sand, loamy sand and sandy loam soils) and/or the depth to the water table is shallow.


FIELD CORN
DISTINCT herbicide is a selective early and late post-emergent herbicide for use in Eastern and Western Canadian corn. Use DISTINCT herbicide for control of annual broadleaf weeds.
For a complete weed control program in Eastern Canada only, tank mix DISTINCT herbicide with Accent 75 DF, Ultim 75% DF, Option 35DF or Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide.


TREATMENT NOTES
1. Apply DISTINCT herbicide alone in 100 to 200 litres of water/ha at a pressure of 150-275 kPa using ground equipment only. Only one application of DISTINCT herbicide is permitted per year.
2. Applying DISTINCT herbicide or DISTINCT herbicide tank mixes to field corn during periods of rapid growth may result in temporary leaning. Field corn will usually become erect within 3-7 days with no subsequent yield reduction. To avoid breakage, cultivation should be delayed until after the field corn is growing normally.
3. Field corn growing under stress conditions such as drought, poor fertility, or foliar damage due to hail, wind or insects can exhibit various injury symptoms that may be more pronounced if herbicides are applied.
4. Rainfall or irrigation should not occur within 4 hours after treatment.
5. When applying DISTINCT herbicide adjacent to sensitive crops, apply as an early post-emergent treatment to avoid potential drift.
6. Weeds treated with DISTINCT herbicide will display symptoms within several hours and be controlled within 3-7 days.

Note: Display symptoms for broadleaf weeds will include twisting and crinkling. Grasses may display twisting, but will remain green and stunted.


WEEDS CONTROLLED
DISTINCT herbicide alone controls the following weeds:
Redroot pigweed
Common ragweed
Lamb’s-quarters
Wild buckwheat
Lady’s-thumb
Velvetleaf (1)
Canada thistle (top growth) (1)
Tall waterhemp (1)
Biennial wormwood (1, 2)
Common cocklebur (1, 3)
Giant ragweed (suppression) (1, 4)
Perennial sow thistle (suppression) (1, 5)
Volunteer adzuki beans (1, 6)
Volunteer canola (7)
Kochia (8)

(1) Post-emergence application at 2-6 leaf stage of corn only.
(2) Apply at the 2-8 leaf stage of biennial wormwood.
(3) Apply at the cotyledon to 6-leaf stage of common cocklebur.
(4) Apply at the 2-8 leaf stage of giant ragweed.
(5) Apply at the 2-10 leaf stage of perennial sow thistle.
(6) Apply at the unifoliate to third trifoliate stage of volunteer adzuki beans.
(7) Apply at the cotyledon to 4-leaf stage of volunteer canola.
(8) Apply at less than 15 cm high.


Tank Mixes – Eastern Canada Only
DISTINCT herbicide in tank mix with Accent 75 DF will control the following weeds:
Redroot pigweed
Common ragweed
Lamb’s-quarters
Wild buckwheat
Lady’s-thumb
Velvetleaf
Barnyard grass
Fall panicum
Green foxtail
Yellow foxtail (suppression)
Old witchgrass
Quackgrass

DISTINCT herbicide in tank mix with Ultim 75% DF will control the following weeds:
Redroot pigweed
Common ragweed
Lamb’s-quarters
Wild buckwheat
Lady’s-thumb
Velvetleaf
Horsenettle
Barnyard grass
Fall panicum
Green foxtail
Yellow foxtail (suppression)
Old witchgrass
Proso millet
Quackgrass

DISTINCT herbicide in tank mix with Option 35DF or Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide will control the following weeds:
Redroot pigweed
Common ragweed
Lamb’s-quarters
Wild buckwheat
Lady’s-thumb
Velvetleaf
Canada thistle (top growth)
Common chickweed
Mustard (wild)
Mustard (wormseed)
Eastern black nightshade
Barnyard grass
Crabgrass, large
Fall panicum
Foxtail, bristly
Foxtail, green
Foxtail, yellow
Proso millet
Quackgrass
Witchgrass


APPLICATION DIRECTIONS - POST-EMERGENCE 

WESTERN CANADA
HerbicideDISTINCT + non-ionic surfactant (1) + liquid urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) (2)
Rate/Hectare – 285 g
Corn Stage – 2 - 6 leaf
Broadleaf Weed Stage – Apply to active growth stage of seedling broadleaf weeds. (3)

(1) Use at 0.25% v/v, i.e., 2.5 litres per 1000 L of spray solution.
(2) Use at 1.25% v/v, i.e., 12.5 litres per 1000 L of spray solution.
(3) Refer to the Weeds Controlled section of this label for specific weed staging information.


EASTERN CANADA
HerbicideDISTINCT
Rate/Hectare – 285 g
Corn Stage – Spike to 1 leaf
Broadleaf Weed Stage – Apply as a broadcast ground treatment. It is not necessary that weeds be emerged at the time of application. Do not use additives such as oils, wetting agents, sticking agents, etc.

HerbicideDISTINCT + non-ionic surfactant (1) + liquid urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) (2)
Rate/Hectare – 285 g
Corn Stage – 2 - 6 leaf
Broadleaf Weed Stage – Apply to active growth stage of seedling broadleaf weeds. (3)

(1) Use at 0.25% v/v, i.e., 2.5 litres per 1000 L of spray solution.
(2) Use at 1.25% v/v, i.e., 12.5 litres per 1000 L of spray solution.
(3) Refer to the Weeds Controlled section of this label for specific weed staging information.


TANK MIXES – EASTERN CANADA ONLY
In Eastern Canada, DISTINCT herbicide can be used as a broadcast ground treatment alone or in tank mixes with Accent 75 DF, Ultim 75% DF, Option 35DF or Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide for a wider spectrum of weed control. Refer to the table provided for the proper leaf staging of each of the recommended treatments.

HerbicideDISTINCT + Accent 75 DF + non-ionic surfactant (1) + liquid urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) (2)
Rate / Hectare – 285 g + 33.4 g (1 water - soluble bag)
Corn Stage – 2 - 8 leaf
Weed Stage:
Broadleaf Weed – Apply to active growth stage of seedling broadleaf weeds. (3)
Grasses – Apply to annual grasses in the 1 to 6 leaf stage and to quackgrass in the 3 to 6 leaf stage (10 to 20 cm).

HerbicideDISTINCT + Ultim 75% DF + non-ionic surfactant (1) + liquid urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) (2)
Rate / Hectare – 285 g + 33.7 g (1 water - soluble bag)
Corn Stage – 2 - 6 leaf
Weed Stage:
Broadleaf Weed – Apply to active growth stage of seedling broadleaf weeds. (3) For the control of horsenettle, apply to horsenettle in the 2 to 6 leaf stage. Do not graze treated crops. Do not cut for hay.
Grasses – Apply to annual grasses in the 1 to 6 leaf stage and to quackgrass in the 3 to 6 leaf stage (10 to20 cm).

HerbicideDISTINCT + Option 35DF + HastenTM spray additive at 1.75 L/ha + liquid nitrogen fertilizer (28% UAN) (2)
Rate / Hectare – 285 g + 100 g
Corn Stage – 2 - 6 leaf
Weed Stage:
Broadleaf Weed – Apply to active growth stage of seedling broadleaf weeds. (3) Consult the Option 35DF label for additional weed staging recommendations.
Grasses – Consult the Option 35DF label for the recommended leaf stage of weeds at application.

HerbicideDISTINCT + Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide + liquid nitrogen fertilizer (28% UAN) (2)
Rate / Hectare – 285 g + 1.56 L
Corn Stage – 2 - 6 leaf
Weed Stage:
Broadleaf Weed – Apply to active growth stage of seedling broadleaf weeds. (3) Consult the Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide label for additional weed staging recommendations.
Grasses – Consult the Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide label for the recommended leaf stage of weeds at application.

(1) Use at 0.25% v/v, i.e., 2.5 litres per 1000 L of spray solution.
(2) Use at 1.25% v/v, i.e., 12.5 litres per 1000 L of spray solution.
(3) Refer to the Weeds Controlled section of this label for specific weed staging information.


MIXING INSTRUCTIONS AND ORDER
1. Fill sprayer ½ full with clean water and agitate.
2. Products in PVA bags (Accent 75 DF, Ultim 75% DF) or Option 35DF or Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide: Add the correct amount of Accent 75 DF, Ultim 75% DF, Option 35DF or Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide to the mixing tank and continue agitation. Wait until fully dissolved and product is evenly mixed.
3. Add the correct amount of DISTINCT herbicide to the spray tank and continue agitation until completely dissolved and product is fully dispersed.
4. For DISTINCT herbicide applied alone or in tank mix with Accent 75 DF or Ultim 75% DF, add the recommended amount of non-ionic surfactant followed by the recommended amount of UAN (28% N).
5. For DISTINCT herbicide applied in tank mix with Option 35DF, add the recommended amount of Hasten spray additive followed by the recommended amount of UAN (28% N).
6. For DISTINCT herbicide applied in tank mix with Option 2.25 OD Liquid Herbicide, add the recommended amount of UAN (28% N).
7. Continue agitation while adding the remaining amount of water.


SPRAY ADDITIVES
For Post-Emergence Use ONLY
For best adherence, DISTINCT herbicide requires additives for post-emergent treatments in field corn
The addition of a non-ionic surfactant at 0.25% v/v plus liquid nitrogen fertilizer 28-0-0 at 1.25% v/v is recommended under most conditions. Spray grade ammonium sulfate may be substituted for liquid nitrogen fertilizer.

Compatibility Test
To determine compatibility, mix all components of the finished spray in proportionate quantities in a small jar before mixing in the spray tank. If the herbicides do not ball-up or form flakes, sludge, jelly, oily films or layers, or other precipitates within 5 minutes after mixing, the tested spray-mix is compatible.


CROP HARVEST
1. DO NOT permit animals (including lactating dairy animals) to graze fields or cut corn for forage or silage within 75 days of application.
2. DO NOT harvest grain within 120 days of application.
3. A plant back interval of 30 days is required for the planting of rotational crops.
4. Withdraw meat animals from treated fields at least 3 days before slaughter.


CHEMFALLOW AND POST- HARVEST
DISTINCT herbicide can be applied in fallow crop lands and as a post-harvest treatment for control of broadleaf weeds in Eastern and Western Canada.
It is recommended that DISTINCT herbicide be tank mixed with glyphosate for broad spectrum weed control including grasses. Refer to the weeds listed below for further directions.


TREATMENT NOTES
Thoroughly clean all screens to prevent nozzle clogging. For applications to dense weed infestations and thick canopies, use higher water volume. Better coverage of the product results in enhanced control of weeds.
1. For Eastern Canada, apply DISTINCT herbicide in 100 - 200 litres of water/ha at a pressure of 150 - 275 kPa using ground equipment only. See Application Directions below for details.
2. For Western Canada, apply DISTINCT herbicide in 50 - 100 litres of water/ha at a pressure of 240 - 275 kPa using ground equipment only. For applications to dense weed infestations and thick canopies, use a higher water volume at pressures of 275 kPa. See Application Directions below for details.
3. Apply up to two applications per season not exceeding a maximum seasonal application rate of 285 g/ha.
4. Rainfall or irrigation should not occur within 4 hours after treatment.
5. When applying DISTINCT herbicide adjacent to sensitive crops, avoid potential drift.
6. Weeds treated with DISTINCT herbicide will display symptoms within several hours and be controlled within 3 - 7 days.

Note: Display symptoms for broadleaf weeds will include twisting and crinkling. Grasses may display twisting, but will remain green and stunted.


GRAZING RESTRICTIONS
DO NOT permit lactating dairy animals to graze fields within 7 days after application.
DO NOT harvest forage or cut hay within 30 days after application.
Withdraw meat animals from treated fields at least 3 days before slaughter.


APPLICATION DIRECTIONS
For broad spectrum weed control, it is recommended that DISTINCT herbicide be tank mixed with glyphosate. Tank mixing DISTINCT herbicide with glyphosate will provide control of all weeds controlled by glyphosate in addition to the broadleaf weeds listed below. Consult the glyphosate label for a complete list of weeds controlled by glyphosate.
Tank mixing is a recognized strategy to delay herbicide resistance as well as improve the weed spectrum controlled.

Timing - Chemfallow and Post-Harvest
Rate - 143 – 285 g/ha of DISTINCT herbicide + 1.25 – 2.5 L/ha of glyphosate (1) (360 g/L equivalent) + 0.5 L/ ha of MERGE Adjuvant OR 0.25% v/v of NIS + 1.25% v/v of UAN
Water Volume - 50 – 200 L/ha (2)
Remarks - Apply to actively growing weeds. Better coverage of the product results in enhanced control of weeds. For application to larger weeds or dense weed infestations, use minimum water volume of 100 L per hectare.

(1) For Eastern Canada, use glyphosate  2.5 L/ha
(2) For Eastern Canada, use water volume  100 - 200 L/ha
(2) For Western Canada, use water volume  50 - 100 L/ha


WEEDS CONTROLLED
DISTINCT herbicide applied as directed will control the following weeds. Refer to the glyphosate label for weeds controlled in addition to those controlled by DISTINCT herbicide.

DISTINCT
herbicide at 143 g/ha in tank mix with glyphosate will control:
Kochia
Lamb’s-quarters
Narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard
Dandelion (top growth)
Redroot pigweed
Round-leaved mallow
Spiny annual sow thistle
Wild buckwheat

DISTINCT herbicide at 285 g/ha will control the following weeds:
Biennial wormwood (1)
Canada thistle (top growth)
Common cocklebur
Common ragweed
Dandelion (top growth)
Kochia (including glyphosate resistant) (2)
Lady’s-thumb
Lamb’s-quarters
Perennial sow thistle (suppression) (3)
Redroot pigweed
Tall waterhemp
Velvetleaf
Volunteer canola (4)
Wild buckwheat

(1) Apply at the 2-8 leaf stage of biennial wormwood.
(2) Apply at less than 15 cm.
(3) Apply at the 2-10 leaf stage of perennial sow thistle.
(4) Apply at the cotyledon to 4-leaf stage of volunteer canola.


MIXING INSTRUCTIONS AND ORDER
1. When using DISTINCT herbicide, always start with a clean sprayer. Thoroughly clean the sprayer by flushing the system with water containing detergent. Refer to previously applied product labels for specific cleaning instructions.
2. Fill sprayer ½ full with clean water and agitate.
3. Add the correct amount of DISTINCT herbicide to the spray tank and continue agitation until completely dissolved and product is fully dispersed.
4. Add recommended amount of glyphosate.
5. Add the recommended amount of MERGE adjuvant.
6. For the non-ionic surfactant, add the recommended amount followed by UAN (28% N) to the tank last.
7. Continue agitation while adding the remaining amount of water.
8. If an oil film starts to build up in the tank, drain it and clean the tank with strong detergent solution.
9. Immediately after use, thoroughly clean the sprayer by flushing the system as described under Spray Equipment Cleaning.

Dispose of all rinsings in accordance with provincial regulations.


RESISTANCE-MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
For resistance management, please note that DISTINCT herbicide is a Group 4 and Group 19 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to DISTINCT herbicide and other Group 4 and Group 19 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.

To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of DISTINCT herbicide or other Group 4 or Group 19 herbicides within a growing season (sequence) or among growing seasons with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted. To delay resistance, the less resistance-prone partner should control the target weed(s) as effectively as the more resistance-prone partner.
Herbicide use should be based on an integrated weed management program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical control methods), cultural (for example, higher crop seeding rates; precision fertilizer application method and timing to favour the crop and not the weeds), biological (weed-competitive crops or varieties) and other management practices.
Monitor weed populations after herbicide application for signs of resistance development (for example, only one weed species on the herbicide label not controlled). If resistance is suspected, prevent weed seed production in the affected area if possible by an alternative herbicide from a different group. Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment when moving between fields, and planting clean seed.
Have suspected resistant weed seeds tested by a qualified laboratory to confirm resistance and identify alternative herbicide options.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact BASF at 1-877-371-2273.


SPRAY EQUIPMENT CLEANING
DISTINCT herbicide alone or DISTINCT herbicide with other tank mixes.
If you have used DISTINCT herbicide alone, follow these steps to clean the spray equipment:
1. Thoroughly hose down the inside and outside of equipment surfaces while filling the spray tank half-full with water. Flush by operating the sprayer until the system is purged of the rinse water.
2. Fill the tank with water, adding 1 L of household ammonia for every 100 L of water. Operate the spray pump to circulate the ammonia solution through the spray system for 15-20 minutes and discharge a small amount of the ammonia solution throughout the spray boom and nozzles. Let the solution stand for several hours, preferably overnight.
3. Flush the solution out of the spray tank through the boom.
4. Remove the nozzles and screens and flush the system with two tanks full of water.

If DISTINCT herbicide is used in a tank mix, refer to tank mix partner product label for any additional cleaning instructions.

Effective
Crops
Corn, maize
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
143 - 285
Preharvest Interval
-