Canada

Frontline B

registration_expired
Dow AgroSciences - herbicide
27030

GENERAL INFORMATION
Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix is a selective postemergence herbicide tank-mix for the control of hard-to-kill annual broadleaved weeds such as chickweed and cleavers in spring wheat (including durum), spring barley (not underseeded with legumes) and oats. Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix is mixed with water and applied as a uniform broadcast spray.
Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix MUST be applied early postemergence, to the main flush of actively growing broadleaved weeds. Warm, moist growing conditions promote active weed growth and enhance the activity of Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix by allowing maximum foliar uptake and contact activity. Weeds hardened off by cold weather or drought stress may not be adequately controlled or suppressed and re-growth may occur. For best results, ensure thorough spray coverage of target weeds. See “DIRECTIONS FOR USE” section of this label for complete use details.
Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix stops growth of susceptible weeds rapidly. However, typical symptoms (discolouration) of dying weeds may not be noticeable for 1 to 2 weeks after application, depending upon growing conditions and weed susceptibility. Degree of control and duration of effect are dependent on weed sensitivity, weed size, crop competition, growing conditions at and following treatment, and spray coverage.

MODE OF ACTION
Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix contains a Group 2 and 4 mode of action herbicide. Frontline A is a Group 2 mode of action herbicide that inhibits the production of the ALS enzyme in plants. This enzyme is essential for the production of certain amino acids required for plant growth. Frontline B is a Group 4 mode of action herbicide that disrupts normal plant growth regulation resulting in death of susceptible plants.

GENERAL USE PRECAUTIONS
DO NOT APPLY BY AIR

Sensitive Plants
Do not apply Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix directly to, or otherwise permit it to come in direct contact with susceptible crops or desirable plants including alfalfa, edible beans, canola, flowers and ornamentals, lentils, lettuce, peas, potatoes, radishes, soybeans, sugar beets, sunflowers, tomatoes or tobacco.

Non-Target Sites
Do not apply where proximity of susceptible crops or other desirable plants is likely to result in exposure to spray or spray drift. See Environmental Hazards section of the label.

Crop Rotation
Fields previously treated with Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix can be seeded the following year to barley, canola, chickpeas, corn, field beans, flax, Juncea canola, lentils, mustard (brown, oriental and/or yellow), oats, peas, potatoes (except seed potatoes), soybeans, sunflowers or wheat or fields can be summerfallowed.
This product has potential to leach. Do not apply excessive irrigation. Do not use in successive years at the same site.

Tank Mixtures
In some cases, tank mixing a pest control product with another pest control product or a fertilizer can result in biological effects that could include, but are not limited to: reduced pest efficacy or increased host crop injury. The user should contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc at 1-800-667-3852 or www.dowagro.ca for information before mixing any pesticide or fertilizer that is not specifically recommended on this label. The user assumes the risk of losses that result from the use of tank mixes that do not appear on this label or that are not specifically recommended by Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc.

Spray Equipment Precaution
Do not apply through any type of irrigation system.

Sprayer clean-out
To avoid injury to desirable plants, thoroughly clean equipment used to apply this product before re-use or using it to apply other chemicals.
1. Immediately after spraying, completely drain the sprayer tank. Any contamination on the outside of the spraying equipment should be removed by washing with clean water.
2. First rinse:
Spray the inside of tank with clean water and fill the sprayer with at least one tenth of the spray tank volume.
Agitate and circulate for 15 minutes, and flush through booms and hoses.
Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
Drain tank completely.
3. Second rinse:
Fill the tank with clean water.
Add All Clear Spray Tank Decontaminator, or Clean-Out Spray Tank Cleaner, or 1 L of household ammonia (containing a minimum of 3 % ammonia) per 100 L of water, or similar tank cleaning agent as per manufacturer’s recommendations while filling the tank with clean water.
Agitate and then flush the boom and hoses with the cleaning solution. Top up with water making sure the tank is completely full. Allow to stand for 15 minutes with agitation. Flush the solution out of the spray tank through the spray booms. Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
If possible, let the solution stand in the sprayer tank and booms for an extended period of time, overnight if possible.
After flushing the boom and hoses, drain tank completely.
Remove nozzles and screens and clean separately with a cleaning agent or an ammonia solution (100 mL in 10 L water).
4. Third rinse:
Rinse the tank with clean water and flush through the boom and hoses using at least one tenth of the spray tank volume.
Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
Drain tank completely.
Do not use ammonia with chlorine bleach. Using ammonia with chlorine bleach will release a gas with a musty chlorine odour which may cause eye, nose, throat, and lung irritation. Do not clean equipment in an enclosed area.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE

READ THE ENTIRE LABEL BEFORE USE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW LABEL INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN ERRATIC WEED CONTROL OR CROP DAMAGE. DO NOT APPLY TO CROPS UNDERSEEDED WITH LEGUMES.

Field sprayer application
DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) coarse classification. Boom height must be 60 cm or less above the crop or ground.

To Reduce Spray Drift:
 Use low pressures (200 to 275 kPa)
 Use 100 L/ha of spray solution
 Spray when the wind velocity is 15 km/hr or less
 Spot treatments should only be applied with a calibrated boom to prevent over-application

Preharvest/Grazing Restriction
Do not permit any grazing within 7 days after application.
Do not harvest forage or cut hay within 7 days after application.
Withdraw meat animals from treated fields at least 3 days before slaughter.
Do not harvest the treated crop within 60 days after application.

Restricted Entry Interval (REI)
All crops – 12-hour REI

Crops
Spring wheat (including durum), spring barley and oats.

Rates of Application

For control of a wide spectrum of broadleaved weeds, apply a uniform spray containing 100 mL of Frontline A and 0.7 L of Frontline B in a minimum of 100 L of water per hectare to thoroughly cover the weeds. Apply to actively growing wheat, barley, and oats from the 2 to 6 leaf stage. Apply when weeds are actively growing. Only weeds emerged at the time of treatment will be controlled. Best results are obtained from applications made to seedling weeds. A maximum of 1 application per year.

Mixing Instructions
1. Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water
2. Start sprayer tank agitation
3. Add the required number of jugs of Frontline A
4. Add the required number of jugs of Frontline B
5. Complete filling the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 100 L of spray mixture per hectare
6. Follow sprayer directions and precautions as outlined above, especially when applying next to sensitive crops (e.g. canola and legumes)
7. Follow sprayer clean-up directions
Note: Do not add a surfactant to this tank mixture.

TANK-MIX COMBINATIONS WITH FRONTLINE HERBICIDE TANK-MIX

Crops Registered

spring wheat (including durum) and spring barley
Do not apply these tank mixes to oats

Tank mixtures of Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix with other herbicides will provide control of broadleaved weeds and specified annual grasses. Apply when crops and weeds are actively growing. Only weeds emerged at the time of treatment will be controlled. Best results are obtained from applications made to seedling weeds. Follow all precautions, minimum interval to harvest and directions for use on the Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix and tank-mix partner labels.

Mixing Instructions

1. Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water.
2. Start sprayer tank agitation.
3. Add the required amount of Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix and continue to agitate.
4. Add the required amount of tank-mix partner.
5. Fill the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 100 L of spray mixture per hectare.
Note: Add only the adjuvant recommended below. Follow tank-mix partner label for order of mixing.

BUFFER ZONES TO PROTECT SENSITIVE TERRESTRIAL AND AQUATIC HABITATS
Use of the following spray methods or equipment DO NOT require a buffer zone: handheld or backpack sprayer and spot treatment.
The buffer zones specified in the table below are required between the point of direct application and the closest downwind edge of sensitive terrestrial habitats (such as grasslands, forested areas, shelter belts, woodlots, hedgerows, riparian areas and shrublands), sensitive freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs and wetlands) and estuarine/marine habitats.
When a tank mixture is used, consult the labels of the tank-mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the products involved in the tank mixture.

RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS

For resistance management, please note that Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix is a Group 2 and a Group 4 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to Frontline Herbicide Tank-Mix and other Group 2 and/or Group 4 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of Frontline Herbicide Tank Mix or other Group 2 or Group 4 herbicide within a growing season (sequence) or among growing seasons with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted. To delay resistance, the less resistance-prone partner should control the target weed(s) as effectively as the more resistance-prone partner.
Herbicide use should be based on an integrated weed management program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical control methods), cultural (for example, higher crop seeding rates; precision fertilizer application method and timing to favour the crop and not the weeds), biological (weed-competitive crops or varieties) and other management practices.
Monitor weed populations after herbicide application for signs of resistance development (for example, only one weed species on the herbicide label not controlled). If resistance is suspected, prevent weed seed production in the affected area if possible by an alternative herbicide from a different group. Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment when moving between fields, and planting clean seed.
Have suspected resistant weed seeds tested by a qualified laboratory to confirm resistance and identify alternative herbicide options.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc. at 1-800-667-3852.

NOTICE TO USER: This pest control product is to be used only in accordance with the directions on the label. It is an offence under the Pest Control Products Act to use this product in a way that is inconsistent with the directions on the label. The user assumes the risk to persons or property that arises from any such use of this product.

Effective
Crops
Spring wheat
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.7 - 0.7
Preharvest Interval
7
Crops
Spring barley
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.7 - 0.7
Preharvest Interval
7
Crops
Spring oats
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.7 - 0.7
Preharvest Interval
7
Crops
Winter oats
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.7 - 0.7
Preharvest Interval
7