Canada

Outshine

registration_expired
ADAMA - herbicide
31646

GENERAL INFORMATION
Outshine is a selective postemergence herbicide for the control of hard-to-kill annual broadleaved weeds in spring wheat (including durum) and spring barley. Outshine is mixed with water and applied as a uniform broadcast spray.
Outshine MUST be applied early postemergence, to the main flush of actively growing broadleaved weeds.
Warm, moist growing conditions promote active weed growth and enhance the activity of Outshine by allowing maximum foliar uptake and contact activity. Weeds hardened off by cold weather or drought stress may not be adequately controlled or suppressed and re-growth may occur. For best results, ensure thorough spray coverage of target weeds. See “DIRECTIONS FOR USE” section of this label for complete use details. 
Outshine stops growth of susceptible weeds rapidly. However, typical symptoms (discolouration) of dying weeds may not be noticeable for 1 to 2 weeks after application, depending upon growing conditions and weed susceptibility. Degree of control and duration of effect are dependent on weed sensitivity, weed size, crop competition, growing conditions at and following treatment, and spray coverage.

MODE OF ACTION
Outshine contains a Group 2 and a 4 mode of action herbicide. The Group 2 mode of action herbicide inhibits the production of the ALS enzyme in plants. This enzyme is essential for the production of certain amino acids required for plant growth. The Group 4 mode of action herbicide disrupts normal plant growth regulation resulting in death of susceptible plants.

GENERAL USE PRECAUTIONS

Sensitive Plants
Do not apply Outshine directly to, or otherwise permit it to come in direct contact with susceptible crops or desirable plants including alfalfa, edible beans, canola, flowers and ornamentals, lentils, lettuce, peas, potatoes, radishes, soybeans, sugar beets, sunflowers, tomatoes or tobacco.

Non-Target Sites

Do not apply where proximity of susceptible crops or other desirable plants is likely to result in exposure to spray or spray drift. See Environmental Hazards section of the label.

Crop Rotation 

Fields previously treated with Outshine can be seeded the following year to barley, canola, oats, peas, or wheat or fields can be summerfallowed.
This product has potential to leach. Do not apply excessive irrigation. Do not use in successive years at the same site.

Tank Mixtures
Do not apply this product with any other additive, pesticide or fertilizer except as specifically recommended on this label. When a tank mixture is used, consult the labels of the tank-mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the product involved in the tank mixture.

Spray Equipment Precaution
Do not apply through any type of irrigation system.

To Reduce Spray Drift:
1. Use nozzles delivering higher volumes and coarser droplets.
2. Use low pressures (200 to 275 kPa).
3. Use 100 L/ha of spray solution.
4. Spray when the wind velocity is 15 km/hr or less.
5. Spot treatments should only be applied with a calibrated boom to prevent over-application.

Equipment Clean-Up

Equipment used to apply Outshine should not be used to apply other pesticides to sensitive crops without thorough cleaning. To avoid subsequent injury to crops other than cereals, all spraying equipment must be thoroughly cleaned both inside and out, as follows:
1. Immediately after spraying, drain. Any contamination on the outside of the spraying equipment should be removed by washing with clean water.
2. Rinse inside of tank with clean water and flush through booms and hoses using at least one tenth of the spray tank volume. Drain tank completely.
3. Add 1 L of household ammonia (containing a minimum of 3 % ammonia) per 100 L of water while filling the tank with clean water. Agitate and then briefly flush the boom and hoses with the cleaning solution. Top up with water making sure the tank is completely full and allow to stand for 15 minutes with agitation. Flush the boom and hoses and drain tank completely.
4. Remove nozzles and screens and clean separately with an ammonia solution (100 mL in 10 L water).
5. Rinse the tank with clean water and flush through the boom and hoses using at least one tenth of the spray tank volume. Drain tank completely.

Note: If it is not possible to drain the tank completely, step 3 must be repeated before going onto step 4.
Caution: Do not use ammonia with chlorine bleach. Using ammonia with chlorine bleach will release a gas with a musty chlorine odour which may cause eye, nose, throat, and lung irritation. Do not clean equipment in an enclosed area.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE
READ THE ENTIRE LABEL BEFORE USE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW LABEL INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN ERRATIC WEED CONTROL OR CROP DAMAGE. DO NOT APPLY TO CROPS UNDERSEEDED WITH LEGUMES.

Do not enter or allow worker re-entry into treated areas until 12 hours after application.

Crops
Spring wheat, durum wheat and spring barley

Application Rate

For control of a wide spectrum of broadleaved weeds, apply a uniform spray containing 1.0 L/ha of Outshine in a minimum of 100 L of water per hectare to thoroughly cover the weeds. Apply to actively growing wheat and spring barley from the 2 leaf expanded to 6 leaf stage. Apply when weeds are actively growing. Only weeds emerged at the time of treatment will be controlled. Best results are obtained from applications made to seedling weeds.

Mixing Instructions

1 Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water
2 Start sprayer tank agitation
3 Add the required amount of Outshine
4 Complete filling the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 100 L of spray mixture per hectare
5 Follow sprayer directions and precautions as outlined above, especially when applying next to sensitive crops (e.g. canola and legumes)
6 Follow sprayer clean-up directions

Weeds Controlled by Outshine at 1.0 L/ha
Cleavers, volunteer flax, common chickweed,  wild buckwheat, kochia♦
♦ including ALS resistant biotypes

Pre-Harvest/Grazing Intervals
1. Do not cut the treated crop for hay or graze treated crop within 7 days after application.
2. Do not harvest the treated crop within 60 days after application.

TANK-MIX COMBINATIONS WITH OUTSHINE

Crops Registered

spring wheat, durum wheat and spring barley (see Table 3 for exclusions)

Tank mixtures of Outshine with other herbicides will provide control of additional broadleaved weeds and specified annual grasses. Apply when crops and weeds are actively growing. Only weeds emerged at the time of treatment will be controlled. Best results are obtained from applications made to seedling weeds.
Follow all precautions, minimum interval to harvest and directions for use on the Outshine and tank-mix partner labels.
Mixing Instructions
1. Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water.
2. Start sprayer tank agitation.
3. Add the required amount of Outshine and continue to agitate.
4. Add the required amount of tank-mix partner.
5. Fill the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 100 L of spray mixture per hectare.

Note: Add only the adjuvant recommended below. Follow tank-mix partner label for order of mixing.

Outshine Tank Mix Combinations for Broadleaf Weed Control

Crops Registered:
 spring wheat, durum wheat & spring barley

Herbicide Tank mix Partner: 
2,4-D Ester+
Rate (Product/ha): 530-636 mL/ha 2,4-D 700 (350-420 g a.e./ha)
Additional Weeds Controlled or Suppression (S): flixweed, lamb’s-quarters, redroot pigweed, ragweed (S), shepherd’s purse, stinkweed, stork’s-bill, sunflower (annual), volunteer canola, wild mustard

Herbicide Tank mix Partner:
 MCPA Ester+
Rate (Product/ha): 580-700 mL/ha MCPA 600 (350-420 g a.e./ha)
Additional Weeds Controlled or Suppression (S): flixweed, hemp-nettle, lamb’s-quarters, ragweed, redroot pigweed, shepherd’s-purse, smartweed, stork’s-bill (S), sunflower (annual), volunteer canola, wild mustard

Herbicide Tank mix Partner: 
Express Toss-N-Go Dry Flowable 75% Herbicide
Rate (Product/ha): 10 g/ha
Additional Weeds Controlled or Suppression (S): Lamb’s-quarters, redroot pigweed (S), Russian thistle (S)

Outshine Broadleaf Tank Mix Combinations plus Other Herbicides for Annual Grass Control

Herbicide Tank mix Partner: Assert 300 SC Herbicide*
Crops Registered: spring wheat, durum wheat & spring barley
Rate (Product/ha): 1.6 L
Adjuvant and rate: Refer to the Assert 300 SC Herbicide label
Additional Weeds Controlled or Suppression (S): Wild Oat

Herbicide Tank mix Partner: Axial 100 EC Herbicide♦
Crops Registered: spring wheat, & spring barley
Rate (Product/ha): 600 mL/ha
Adjuvant and rate: Adigor 700 mL/ha
Additional Weeds Controlled or Suppression (S): Wild oats, green foxtail

Herbicide Tank mix Partner: Everest Solupak 70DF Herbicide♦♦‡
Crops Registered: spring wheat, durum wheat
Rate (Product/ha): 43 g/ha
Adjuvant and rate: Non-ionic surfactant (see label) 0.25% v/v
Additional Weeds Controlled or Suppression (S): Wild oats, green foxtail

+Use higher rates for weeds in the bud stage, dry or cold weather or heavy infestations
‡Warning: control of green foxtail may be reduced with the tank mix of Outshine + Express Toss-N-Go Dry Flowable 75% Herbicide.
♦Do not apply Axial 100 EC Herbicide in tank mixes containing 2,4-D.
♦♦Wheat (including durum) exposed to water-logged or saturated soils, or temperature extremes such as heat or freezing weather, or drought, low fertility or plant disease at application time could show unacceptable injury symptoms. Weed control may also be reduced by these same conditions.
*Do not apply Everest Solupak 70DF Herbicide or Assert 300 SC Herbicide in tank mixes containing Express Toss-N-Go Dry Fowable 75% Herbicide.

RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
For resistance management, Outshine is a Group 2 and Group 4 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to Outshine and other Group 2 and Group 4 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of Outshine or other Group 2 and Group 4 herbicides with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted.
Herbicide use should be based on an IPM program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical), cultural, biological and other chemical control practices.
Monitor treated weed populations for resistance development.
Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment and planting clean seed.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance management and/or integrated weed management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact ADAMA Agricultural S olutions Canada Inc. 1-855-264-6262

NOTICE TO USER: This pest control product is to be used only in accordance with the directions on the label. It is an offence under the Pest Control Products Act to use this product in a way that is inconsistent with the directions on the label. The user assumes the risk to persons or property that arises from any such use of this product.

Effective
Crops
Winter wheat
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
1 - 1
Preharvest Interval
60
Crops
Spring wheat
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
1 - 1
Preharvest Interval
60
Crops
Spring barley
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
1 - 1
Preharvest Interval
60