Canada

Paradigm

registration_expired
Dow AgroSciences - herbicide
31304

GENERAL INFORMATION
Paradigm is a selective postemergence herbicide for the control of hard-to-kill annual broadleaved weeds such as chickweed, cleavers, lamb’s-quarters and wild buckwheat in spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat, and spring barley, not underseeded with legumes. Paradigm is mixed with water and applied as a uniform broadcast spray by ground application. It is non-corrosive, nonflammable, and nonvolatile.
Paradigm must be applied early postemergence, to the main flush of actively growing broadleaved weeds. Warm, moist growing conditions promote active weed growth and enhance the activity of Paradigm by allowing maximum foliar uptake and activity. Weeds hardened off by cold weather or drought stress may not be adequately controlled or suppressed and re-growth may occur. For best results, ensure thorough spray coverage of target weeds. See DIRECTIONS FOR USE section of this label for complete use details.

MODE OF ACTION

Paradigm is a mixture of a systemic auxin-type herbicide (Group 4) and an ALS enzyme inhibitor-type herbicide (Group 2). The product controls weeds by disrupting normal plant growth patterns and/or by inhibiting production of the enzyme essential for production of certain amino acids essential for plant growth.

GENERAL USE PRECAUTIONS

Sensitive Plants
Do not apply Paradigm directly to, or otherwise permit it to come in direct contact with susceptible crops or desirable plants including alfalfa, edible beans, flax, flowers and ornamentals, lentils, lettuce, peas, potatoes, radishes, soybeans, sugar beets, sunflowers, tomatoes or tobacco.

Non-Target Sites

Do not apply where proximity of susceptible crops (e.g. flax and legumes) or other desirable plants is likely to result in exposure to spray or spray drift. See ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS section of this label.

Crop Rotation

Fields previously treated with Paradigm can be seeded after a minimum of 10 months to spring wheat, spring barley, canola, flax, Juncea canola, field peas, oriental, brown and yellow mustard, soybeans, oats, sunflower or fields can be summerfallowed. Lentils can be planted 22 months after application of Paradigm.

Tank Mixtures

In some cases, tank mixing a pest control product with another pest control product or a fertilizer can result in biological effects that could include, but are not limited to: reduced pest efficacy or increased host crop injury. The user should contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc at 1-800-667-3852 or www.dowagro.ca for information before mixing any pesticide or fertilizer that is not specifically recommended on this label. The user assumes the risk of losses that result from the use of tank mixes that do not appear on this label or that are not specifically recommended by Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc.

Spray Equipment Precaution

Do not apply through any type of irrigation system.

To Reduce Spray Drift:

1. Use nozzles delivering higher volumes and coarser droplets.
2. Use low pressures (200 to 275 kPa).
3. Use 100 L/ha of spray solution.
4. Spray when the wind velocity is 15 km/hr or less.
5. Spot treatments should only be applied with a calibrated boom to prevent over-application.

Sprayer clean-out

To avoid injury to desirable plants, thoroughly clean equipment used to apply this product before re-use or using it to apply other chemicals.
1. Immediately after spraying, completely drain the sprayer tank. Any contamination on the outside of the spraying equipment should be removed by washing with clean water.
2. First rinse:
Spray the inside of tank with clean water and fill the sprayer with at least one tenth of the spray tank volume.
Agitate and circulate for 15 minutes, and flush through booms and hoses.
Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
Drain tank completely.
3. Second rinse:
Fill the tank with clean water.
Add All Clear Spray Tank Decontaminator, as per manufacturer’s recommendations while filling the tank with clean water.
Agitate and then flush the boom and hoses with the cleaning solution. Top up with water making sure the tank is completely full. Allow to stand for 15 minutes with agitation. Flush the solution out of the spray tank through the spray booms. Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
If possible, let the solution stand in the sprayer tank and booms for an extended period of time, overnight if possible.
After flushing the boom and hoses, drain tank completely.
Remove nozzles and screens and clean separately with a cleaning agent or an ammonia solution (100 mL in 10 L water).
4. Third rinse:
Rinse the tank with clean water and flush through the boom and hoses using at least one tenth of the spray tank volume.
Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
Drain tank completely.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE

READ THE ENTIRE LABEL BEFORE USE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW LABEL INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN ERRATIC WEED CONTROL OR CROP DAMAGE. DO NOT APPLY TO CROPS UNDERSEEDED WITH LEGUMES.

As this product is not registered for the control of pests in aquatic systems, DO NOT use to control aquatic pests. DO NOT contaminate irrigation or drinking water supplies or aquatic habitats by cleaning of equipment or disposal of wastes.

APPLICATION METHODS

Ground Application

Using ground equipment, apply Paradigm as a broadcast treatment at the recommended rate as specifically listed in the
DIRECTIONS FOR USE section of this label.
DO NOT APPLY BY AIR

Field sprayer application
DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty.
DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers
(ASAE S572.1) coarse classification. Boom height must be 60 cm or less above the crop or ground.

PARADIGM HERBICIDE ALONE

Crops Registered

Spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat and spring barley

Field Sprayer Application Directions

Apply the recommended rate of Paradigm per hectare in 50-100 L per hectare of water. Add Intake Adjuvant at 0.5–1% v/v (use the higher Intake rate for heavy weed infestations or on stressed weeds that are not actively growing at the time of application). Alternatively, add Non-Ionic Surfactant (NIS) at 0.25% v/v or Turbocharge Adjuvant at 0.5% v/v. See weeds species controlled under “Weeds Controlled or Suppressed by Paradigm Alone.” Apply to actively growing spring wheat and spring barley from the 2 leaf stage to just prior to flag leaf emergence. In winter wheat apply from 3 leaf stage to just prior to flag leaf emergence. Apply when weeds are actively growing. Only weeds emerged at the time of treatment will be controlled. Best results are obtained from applications made to seedling weeds.

Application Timing
Apply to actively growing weeds at the 1-8 leaf stage unless otherwise specified. Extreme growing conditions such as drought or near freezing temperature prior to, at or following time of application may reduce weed control and increase the risk of crop injury at all stages of growth. Only weeds which are emerged at the time of application will be affected. If foliage is wet at the time of application control may be decreased. Under conditions of low crop and high weed density, control may be reduced.
Applications of Paradigm are rainfast within 1 hour of application.

Weeds Controlled or Suppressed by Paradigm Alone at 25 g/ha (1-8 leaf stage, unless otherwise specified)

Weeds Controlled:
alfalfa volunteer (up to 25 cm in height), buckwheat wild, canola volunteer♦♦, chickweed♦♦♦, cleavers (1-9 whorl stage)♦♦♦, cow cockle, dandelion (seedlings & over-wintered rosettes up to 30 cm in diameter), flax volunteer (up to 15 cm in height), fleabane  Canada (up to 15 cm in height) ♦♦♦♦♦, flixweed (up to 8 leaf & 8 cm in height), lamb’s-quarters♦♦♦, mustard wild♦♦♦♦, narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (up to bolting & 30 cm in height), ragweed common (up to 6-leaf stage) ♦♦♦♦♦, redroot pigweed, round-leaved mallow (up to the 6-leaf stage), shepherd’s-purse (up to bolting & 20 cm in height), smartweed (green smartweed, lady’s thumb), sow-thistle annual (up to 4 leaf stage), stinkweed♦♦♦♦, stork’s-bill (up to the 8-leaf stage)
Weeds Suppressed:
hemp-nettle (1-8 leaf stage)♦♦♦, kochia♦, sow-thistle perennial (up to 6-leaf stage), thistle Canada (up to the bolting stage, 30 cm in height)

♦Light to moderate infestation (up to 150 plants/m2; up to 15 cm in height), including Group 2 resistant biotypes
♦♦Will not control volunteer Imidazolinone-tolerant canola (Clearfield varieties)
♦♦♦Including Group 2 resistant biotypes
♦♦♦♦Best results are obtained when applied to actively growing weeds in the 1 to 4 leaf (seedling) stage.
♦♦♦♦♦Including Group 2 and 9 resistant biotypes

Mixing Instructions for Paradigm Alone

1. Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water.
2. Start sprayer tank agitation.
3. Add the required amount of Paradigm.
4. Fill the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 50-100 L of spray mixture per hectare.
5. Add one of the adjuvants recommended above in the Field Sprayer Application Directions section as the last ingredient.
6. Follow sprayer directions and precautions as outlined above, especially when applying next to sensitive crops (e.g. flax and legumes).
7. Follow sprayer clean-up directions.

Preharvest/Grazing Intervals

Livestock may be grazed on treated crops 7 days following application.
Do not harvest the treated crop within 60 days after application.
Do not cut the treated crop for hay or silage within 21 days after application.

TANK MIXING PARADIGM + OTHER TANK-MIX PARTNERS

MIXING INSTRUCTIONS FOR TANK MIXING PARADIGM+ OTHER TANK-MIX PARTNERS

1. Begin to fill sprayer tank with clean water, and engage agitator. Agitation must be continued throughout the entire mixing and spraying procedure.
2. When the sprayer is three quarters full of water, add Paradigm and agitate for 2-3 minutes.
3. If including an annual grass control tank-mix partner add it next. Agitate for 2-3 minutes.
4. If including MCPA ester or CurtailTM M Herbicide add it next. Agitate for 2-3 minutes.
5. Add the Adjuvant indicated in the below tables for the annual grass control product.
6. Agitate for 1-2 minutes before adding remainder of water and then maintain constant agitation.
7. After any break in spraying operations, agitate thoroughly before spraying again.
8. Use the spray suspension as soon as it is prepared.

TANK-MIX COMBINATIONS – PARADIGM HERBICIDE + MCPA ESTER HERBICIDE


Crops Registered
Spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat, spring barley

Application Directions
For control of a wide spectrum of broadleaf weeds apply Paradigm tank mixed with MCPA ester (600 g ae/L) in 50-100 L per hectare of water. Apply to actively growing spring wheat or spring barley from the 3 leaf stage to just prior to flag leaf emergence. In winter wheat apply from 3 leaf stage to just prior to flag leaf emergence. Apply when weeds are actively growing. Only weeds emerged at the time of treatment will be controlled. Best results are obtained from applications made to seedling weeds. When applied as a tank-mix combination, read and observe all label directions, including rates, restrictions, and grazing limitations for each product used in the tank-mix. Follow the more stringent label precautionary measures for mixing, loading and applying stated on all product labels.

Weeds Controlled or Suppressed by Paradigm Herbicide at 25 g/ha + MCPA Ester (600 g ae/L) at 467 mL/ha (1-8 leaf stage, unless otherwise specified)
Weeds Controlled:
alfalfa volunteer (up to 25 cm in height), buckwheat wild, canola volunteer♦♦, chickweed♦, cleavers (1-9 whorl stage)♦, cow cockle, dandelion (seedlings & over-wintered rosettes up to 30 cm in diameter), flax volunteer (up to 15 cm in height), fleabane Canada (up to 15 cm in height)♦♦♦♦, flixweed (up to 8 leaf & 8 cm in height), hemp-nettle (1-8 leaf stage), lamb’s-quarters♦, mustard wild♦♦♦, narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (up to bolting & 30 cm in height), ragweed common (up to 6-leaf stage) ♦♦♦♦, redroot pigweed, round-leaved mallow (up to the 6-leaf stage), shepherd’s-purse (up to bolting & 20 cm in height), smartweed (green smartweed, lady’s thumb), sow-thistle annual (up to 4 leaf stage), stinkweed♦♦♦, stork’s-bill (up to the 8-leaf stage)
Weeds Suppressed:
kochia♦, sow-thistle perennial (up to 6-leaf stage), thistle Canada (up to the bolting stage, 30 cm in height)

♦Including Group 2 resistant biotypes
♦♦Including volunteer Imidazolinone-tolerant canola (Clearfield varieties)
♦♦♦Best results are obtained when applied to actively growing weeds in the 1 to 4 leaf (seedling) stage.
♦♦♦♦Including Group 2 and 9 resistant biotypes

Weeds Controlled or Suppressed by Paradigm Herbicide at 25 g/ha + MCPA Ester (600 g ae/L) at 580 mL/ha (1-8 leaf stage, unless otherwise specified)
Weeds Controlled:
alfalfa volunteer (up to 25 cm in height), buckwheat wild, burdock♦♦♦, canola volunteer♦, chickweed♦, cleavers (1-9 whorl stage)♦, cocklebur♦♦♦, cow cockle, dandelion (seedlings & over-wintered rosettes up to 30 cm in diameter), flax volunteer (up to 15 cm in height), fleabane, Canada (up to 15 cm in height)♦♦♦♦, flixweed (up to 8 leaf & 8 cm in height), hemp-nettle♦, lamb’s-quarters♦, mustard ball♦♦♦, mustard wild♦♦♦, narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (up to bolting & 30 cm in height), pigweed redroot♦, pigweed Russian♦♦♦, prickly lettuce♦♦♦, ragweed common (up to 6-leaf stage)♦♦♦♦, round-leaved mallow (up to the 6-leaf stage), shepherd’s-purse (up to bolting & 20 cm in height), smartweed annual (green smartweed, lady’s thumb), sow-thistle annual (up to 4 leaf stage), stinkweed♦♦♦, stork’s-bill (up to the 8-leaf stage), sunflower annual♦♦♦, vetch♦♦♦, wild radish♦♦♦
Weeds Suppressed:
dandelion (seedlings and overwintered rosettes less than 15 cm), kochia♦♦, plantain (top growth)♦♦♦, sowthistle perennial (up to 6-leaf stage), thistle Canada (up to the bolting stage, 30 cm in height)

♦Including Group 2 resistant biotypes
♦♦light to moderate infestations (up to 150 plants/m2; up to 15 cm in height), including Group 2 resistant biotypes.
♦♦♦Best results are obtained when applied to actively growing weeds in the 1 to 4 leaf (seedling) stage.
♦♦♦♦Including Group 2 and 9 resistant biotypes

Mixing Instructions
See mixing Instructions for PARADIGM HERBICIDE + MCPA ESTER HERBICIDE in section entitled MIXING INSTRUCTIONS FOR TANK MIXING PARADIGM + OTHER TANK-MIX PARTNERS.

TANK-MIX COMBINATIONS – PARADIGM HERBICIDE + CURTAILTM M HERBICIDE
Crops Registered
Spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat, spring barley

Field Sprayer Application Directions
For control of a wide spectrum of broadleaf weeds apply Paradigm tank mixed with Curtail M Herbicide at 1.5 L/ha in 100 L per hectare of water. Apply to actively growing spring wheat or spring barley from the 3 leaf stage to just prior to flag leaf emergence. In winter wheat apply from 3 leaf stage to just prior to flag leaf emergence. Apply when weeds are actively growing. Only weeds emerged at the time of treatment will be controlled. Best results are obtained from applications made to seedling weeds. When applied as a tank-mix combination, read and observe all label directions, including rates, restrictions, and grazing limitations for each product used in the tank-mix. Follow the more stringent label precautionary measures for mixing, loading and applying stated on all product labels.

Weeds Controlled or Suppressed by Paradigm Herbicide at 25 g/ha + Curtail M Herbicide at 1.5 L/ha (1-8 leaf stage, unless otherwise specified)
Weeds Controlled:
alfalfa volunteer (up to 25 cm in height), buckwheat wild, burdock, canola volunteer♦, cocklebur, cow cockle, dandelion (seedlings, overwintered rosettes & mature plants), field horsetail (top growth), flax volunteer, fleabane Canada (up to 15 cm in height)♦♦♦♦, flixweed (up to 8 leaf & 8 cm in height), hemp-nettle♦, lamb’s-quarters♦, mustard ball♦♦♦, mustard wild♦♦♦, narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (up to the bud stage), pigweed redroot♦, plantain (top growth), prickly lettuce, radish wild, ragweed common (up to 6-leaf stage)♦♦♦♦, round-leaved mallow (up to the 6-leaf stage), shepherd’s-purse (up to bolting & 20 cm in height), smartweed annual (green smartweed, lady’s thumb), sowthistle perennial (up to the bolting stage & 20 cm in height), sowthistle annual♦♦♦(up to 4 leaf stage), stinkweed♦♦♦, stork’s-bill (up to the 8-leaf stage), sunflower annual, sunflower volunteer, thistle Canada (up to the bud stage), vetch
Weeds Suppressed:
dandelion (overwintered rosettes > 15 cm, mature plants), kochia (light to moderate infestations)♦♦

♦Including Group 2 resistant biotypes
♦♦light to moderate infestations (up to 150 plants/m2; up to 15 cm in height), including Group 2 resistant biotypes.
♦♦♦Best results are obtained when applied to actively growing weeds in the 1 to 4 leaf (seedling) stage.
♦♦♦♦Including Group 2 and 9 resistant biotypes

Mixing Instructions

See mixing Instructions for PARADIGM HERBICIDE + CURTAIL M HERBICIDE in section entitled MIXING INSTRUCTIONS FOR TANK
MIXING PARADIGM + OTHER TANK-MIX PARTNERS.

TANK-MIX COMBINATIONS – PARADIGM HERBICIDE + OTHER HERBICIDES FOR ANNUAL GRASS CONTROL
For control of annual grasses (see table below) tank-mix Paradigm with the following graminicides. Refer to the above table for broadleaved weeds controlled or suppressed with Paradigm. When applied as a tank-mix combination, read and observe all label directions, including rates, restrictions, and grazing limitations for each product used in the tank-mix. Follow the more stringent label precautionary measures for mixing, loading and applying stated on all product labels.

Tank-Mix Combinations with Paradigm Herbicide for Annual Grass Control

Tank-Mix Partner: Simplicity
Crops Registered: spring wheat, durum wheat, winter wheat
Rate/ha: 500 ml/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Ag-Surf or Agra 90 at 0.25% v/v
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, barnyard grass, Japanese brome, yellow foxtail, hemp-nettle, flixweed, green foxtail, downy brome

Tank-Mix Partner: Tandem A + Tandem B
Crops Registered:  spring wheat, durum wheat
Rate/ha: 375 mL/ha + 0.21 L/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Not required
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats (under low wild oat populations (<75 plants/m2), plus additional broadleaved weeds (refer to Tandem Use Instructions)
Rate/ha: 500 mL/ha + 0.31 L/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Not required
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, barnyard grass, Japanese brome, yellow foxtail, green foxtail, downy brome, plus additional broadleaved weeds (refer to Tandem Use Instructions)

Tank-Mix Partner: Axial 100 EC
Crops Registered:  spring wheat, spring barley
Rate/ha: 0.6 L/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Adigor at 0.7 L/ha
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, green foxtail, yellow foxtail, barnyard grass, volunteer oats, volunteer canary seed, proso millet

Tank-Mix Partner: Everest 2.0♦
Crops Registered:  spring wheat, durum wheat
Rate/ha: 36-72 mL/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Ag-Surf or Agral 90 at 0.25% v/v
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, green foxtail, volunteer tame oats

♦Consult tank-mix partner label for rate-specific claims.

Mixing Instructions
See mixing Instructions for PARADIGM HERBICIDE + OTHER HERBICIDES FOR ANNUAL GRASS CONTROL in section entitled MIXING INSTRUCTIONS FOR TANK MIXING PARADIGM + OTHER TANK-MIX PARTNERS.

TANK-MIX COMBINATIONS – PARADIGM HERBICIDE + MCPA ESTER HERBICIDE + OTHER HERBICIDES FOR ANNUAL GRASS CONTROL
For control of annual grasses (see table below) tank-mix Paradigm + MCPA ester (600 g ae/L) with the following graminicides. Refer to the above table for broadleaved weeds controlled or suppressed with Paradigm. When applied as a tank-mix combination, read and observe all label directions, including rates, restrictions, and grazing limitations for each product used in the tank-mix. Follow the more stringent label precautionary measures for mixing, loading and applying stated on all product labels.

Tank-Mix Combinations with Paradigm Herbicide+ MCPA Ester (600 g ae/L) for Annual Grass Control

Tank-Mix Partner: Simplicity
Crops Registered: spring wheat, durum wheat, winter wheat
Rate/ha: 500 ml/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Ag-Surf or Agra 90 at 0.25% v/v
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, barnyard grass, Japanese brome, yellow foxtail, hemp-nettle, flixweed, green foxtail, downy brome

Tank-Mix Partner: Tandem A + Tandem B
Crops Registered:  spring wheat, durum wheat
Rate/ha: 375 mL/ha + 0.21 L/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Not required
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats (under low wild oat populations (<75 plants/m2), plus additional broadleaved weeds (refer to Tandem Use Instructions)
Rate/ha: 500 mL/ha + 0.31 L/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Not required
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, barnyard grass, Japanese brome, yellow foxtail, green foxtail, downy brome, plus additional broadleaved weeds (refer to Tandem Use Instructions)

Tank-Mix Partner: Axial 100 EC
Crops Registered:  spring wheat, spring barley
Rate/ha: 0.6 L/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Adigor at 0.7 L/ha
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, green foxtail, yellow foxtail, barnyard grass, volunteer oats, volunteer canary seed, proso millet

Tank-Mix Partner: Everest 2.0♦
Crops Registered:  spring wheat, durum wheat
Rate/ha: 36-72 mL/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Ag-Surf or Agral 90 at 0.25% v/v
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, green foxtail, volunteer tame oats

♦Consult tank-mix partner label for rate-specific claims.

Mixing Instructions
See mixing Instructions for PARADIGM HERBICIDE + MCPA ESTER HERBICIDE + OTHER HERBICIDES FOR ANNUAL GRASS CONTROL in section entitled MIXING INSTRUCTIONS FOR TANK MIXING PARADIGM + OTHER TANK-MIX PARTNERS.

TANK-MIX COMBINATIONS – PARADIGM HERBICIDE + CURTAIL M HERBICIDE + OTHER HERBICIDES FOR ANNUAL GRASS CONTROL
For control of annual grasses (see table below) tank-mix Paradigm + Curtail M with the following graminicides. Refer to the above table for broadleaved weeds controlled or suppressed with Paradigm. When applied as a tank-mix combination, read and observe all label directions, including rates, restrictions, and grazing limitations for each product used in the tank-mix. Follow the more stringent label precautionary measures for mixing, loading and applying stated on all product labels.

Tank-Mix Combinations with Paradigm Herbicide + Curtail M for Annual Grass Control

Tank-Mix Partner: Simplicity
Crops Registered: spring wheat, durum wheat, winter wheat
Rate/ha: 500 ml/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Ag-Surf or Agra 90 at 0.25% v/v
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, barnyard grass, Japanese brome, yellow foxtail, hemp-nettle, flixweed, green foxtail, downy brome

Tank-Mix Partner: Tandem A + Tandem B
Crops Registered:  spring wheat, durum wheat
Rate/ha: 375 mL/ha + 0.21 L/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Not required
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats (under low wild oat populations (<75 plants/m2), plus additional broadleaved weeds (refer to Tandem Use Instructions)
Rate/ha: 500 mL/ha + 0.31 L/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Not required
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, barnyard grass, Japanese brome, yellow foxtail, green foxtail, downy brome, plus additional broadleaved weeds (refer to Tandem Use Instructions)

Tank-Mix Partner: Everest 2.0♦
Crops Registered:  spring wheat, durum wheat
Rate/ha: 36-72 mL/ha
Adjuvant and Rate: Ag-Surf or Agral 90 at 0.25% v/v
Additional Weeds Controlled: wild oats, green foxtail, volunteer tame oats

♦Consult tank-mix partner label for rate-specific claims.

Mixing Instructions
See mixing Instructions for PARADIGM HERBICIDE + CURTAIL M HERBICIDE + OTHER HERBICIDES FOR ANNUAL GRASS CONTROL in section entitled MIXING INSTRUCTIONS FOR TANK MIXING PARADIGM + OTHER TANK-MIX PARTNERS.

PARADIGM HERBICIDE PLUS GLYPHOSATE

PRIOR TO PLANTING CEREAL CROPS OR AS AN INITIAL TREATMENT IN SUMMERFALLOW

Apply Paradigm at a rate of 25 g/ha, mixed with a glyphosate product such as VantageTM Plus Max II or MaverickTM III at 0.94 L/ha (450 g ae/ha) in 50-100 L of water per hectare in the fall or spring prior to planting spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat and spring barley or as an initial treatment in summerfallow. If using a glyphosate product other than 480 g ae/L adjust the rate of product accordingly.

Weeds Controlled or Suppressed with Paradigm Herbicide + a glyphosate product such as Vantage Plus Max II or Maverick III Herbicide

Weeds Controlled
Annual Broadleaved Weeds
buckwheat wild (up to 8 leaves), canola volunteer*, chickweed common (up to 8 leaves), cleavers (up to 9 whorls), cow cockle, flax volunteer (up to 15 cm), fleabane Canada**, flixweed, hempnettle, kochia, lady’s-thumb (up to 8 leaves), lamb’s-quarters (up to 8 leaves), mustard wild, pigweed redroot (up to 8 leaves), narrow-leaved hawk’s beard**, ragweed common**, shepherd's purse
smartweed (up to 8 leaves), stinkweed, thistle Russian
Annual Grasses
barley volunteer, brome downey, foxtail giant, foxtail green, oats wild, Persian darnel, wheat volunteer
Perennial Weeds
dandelion (seedling, overwintered rosettes, mature plants up to 30 cm in diameter)

Weeds Suppressed

sow-thistle annual, sow-thistle perennial***

*Including all herbicide tolerant canola varieties
**Less than 8 cm in height
***Applications made at advanced stages will reduce effectiveness

Mixing Instructions

1. Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water.
2. Start sprayer tank agitation.
3. Add the required amount of Paradigm, continue agitation.
4. Add the required amount of glyphosate product and continue agitation.
5. Fill the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 50 - 100 L of spray mixture per hectare.

TANK-MIX COMBINATION – PARADIGM HERBICIDE + A GLYPHOSATE PRODUCT + ADDITIONAL TOP-UP RATES OF A GLYPHOSATE PRODUCT SUCH AS VANTAGETM PLUS MAX II OR MAVERICKTM III FOR BROADER SPECTRUM WEED CONTROL
Paradigm Herbicide can be tank mixed with a higher rate of glyphosate for control of additional weeds listed in the tables below. When applied as a tank-mix combination, read and observe all label directions, including rates, restrictions, and grazing limitations for each product used in the tank-mix. Follow the more stringent label precautionary measures for mixing, loading and applying stated on all product labels.

Tank-Mix Combinations with Additional Glyphosate for Broader Spectrum Weed Control

Rate of Addition of Vantage Plus MAX II or Maverick III L/Ha: 0.75 (360 g ae/ha) ♦♦♦
Additional Weeds Controlled: 
Annual weeds: Crab grass, annual blue grass, prickly lettuce, annual sow thistle, and narrow-leaved vetch

Rate of Addition of Vantage Plus MAX II or Maverick III L/Ha: 0.94 (450 g ae/ha) ♦♦♦
Additional Weeds Controlled: 
Perennial weeds: Quack grass (control, light to moderate infestations), Foxtail barley (control, light to moderate infestations), Canada thistle (rosette stage)♦, Toadflax (Vegetative Stage in summerfallow)♦♦

Rate of Addition of Vantage Plus MAX II or Maverick III L/Ha: 2.62 – 4.30 (1258 – 2064 g ae/ha) ♦♦♦
Additional Weeds Controlled: 
All weeds listed above plus: Quack grass (heavy infestations, longer control), Foxtail barley (heavy infestations or when plants are under stress – low rate only), Canada thistle (bud stage or beyond) ♦♦

♦ Allow 5 or more days after treatment before tillage
♦♦ Allow 10 days after treatment before tillage
♦♦♦ If using a glyphosate product other than 480 g ae/L concentration adjust the rate of product accordingly.

Mixing Instructions
1. Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water.
2. Start sprayer tank agitation.
3. Add the required amount of Paradigm, continue agitation.
4. Add the required amount of glyphosate formulation, continue agitation.
5. Add tank-mix partner.
6. Fill the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 50 - 100 L of spray mixture per hectare.

Application Timing
Apply to actively growing weeds in the 2-4 leaf stage, except where noted above. Extreme growing conditions such as drought or near freezing temperature prior to, at or following time of application may reduce weed control. Only weeds which are emerged at the time of application will be affected. If foliage is wet at the time of application, control may be decreased. Under conditions of high weed density, control may be reduced.

Pre-Seed (spring or fall)
Paradigm Herbicide may be applied prior to seeding and no longer than 48 hours after seeding, prior to any crop emergence. Fields treated with Paradigm Herbicide may be planted to barley, spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat or summerfallowed.

Chem-Fallow
May 1 to July 31: Paradigm Herbicide may be applied to summerfallow fields and seeded in the fall to winter wheat and in the following spring to barley, canola, peas or wheat (including durum) or summerfallowed.

Fall Application
Paradigm Herbicide may be applied to stubble or summerfallow fields after August 1st and prior to freeze-up and may be seeded in the fall to winter wheat and in the following spring to barley or spring wheat (including durum) or summerfallowed.

BUFFER ZONES
Use of the following spray methods or equipment DO NOT require a buffer zone: hand-held or backpack sprayer and spot treatment.
The buffer zones specified in the table below are required between the point of direct application and the closest downwind edge of sensitive terrestrial habitats (such as grasslands, forested areas, shelter belts, woodlots, hedgerows, riparian areas and shrublands) and sensitive freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs and wetlands).

Method of application: Field sprayer
Crop: Spring wheat, durum wheat, winter wheat, spring barley
Buffer Zones (metres) Required for the Protection of:
Freshwater Habitat of Depths:
Less than 1 m: 1
Greater than 1 m: 1
Terrestrial habitat: 1

For tank mixes, consult the labels of the tank-mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the products involved in the tank mixture and apply using the coarsest spray (ASAE) category indicated on the labels for those tank mix partners.
NOTE: Applicators may recalculate a site-specific buffer zone by combining information on current weather conditions and spray configuration for the following applications: all airblast applications, and for field and aerial applications which specify the following droplet size category wording on the product label: ‘DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE)
[Fine or Medium or Coarse] classification.’ To access the Buffer Zone Calculator, please visit the Pest Management Regulatory Agency web site.

RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS

For resistance management, please note that Paradigm is both a Group 2 and a Group 4 herbicide. Any weed population may contain plants naturally resistant to Group 2 and/or Group 4 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same fields. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of Paradigm or other Group 2 and Group 4 herbicides within a growing season (sequence) or among growing seasons with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted. To delay resistance, the less resistance-prone partner should control the target weed(s) as effectively as the more resistance-prone partner.
Herbicide use should be based on an integrated weed management program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical control methods), cultural (for example, higher crop seeding rates; precision fertilizer application method and timing to favour the crop and not the weeds), biological (weed-competitive crops or varieties) and other management practices.
Monitor weed populations after herbicide application for signs of resistance development (for example, only one weed species on the herbicide label not controlled). If resistance is suspected, prevent weed seed production in the affected area if possible by an alternative herbicide from a different group. Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment when moving between fields, and planting clean seed.
Have suspected resistant weed seeds tested by a qualified laboratory to confirm resistance and identify alternative herbicide options.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc. at 1-800-667-3852.

NOTICE TO USER: This pest control product is to be used only in accordance with the directions on the label. It is an offence under the Pest Control Products Act to use this product in a way that is inconsistent with the directions on the label. The user assumes the risk to persons or property that arises from any such use of this product.

Effective
Crops
Spring wheat
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
25 - 25
Preharvest Interval
60
Crops
Winter wheat
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
25 - 25
Preharvest Interval
60
Crops
Spring barley
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
25 - 25
Preharvest Interval
60