Canada

PrePass XC B

registration_expired
Dow AgroSciences - herbicide
29652

GENERAL INFORMATION
PrePass XC Herbicide will provide post emergent control of annual broadleaved weeds and grasses in spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat, spring barley and oats, or in summerfallow. PrePass XC Herbicide is mixed with water and applied as a uniform broadcast spray.
PrePass XC Herbicide must be applied to emerged actively growing weeds. Warm, moist growing conditions promote active weed growth and enhance the activity of PrePass XC Herbicide by allowing maximum foliar uptake and contact activity. Weeds hardened off by cold weather or drought stress may not be adequately controlled or suppressed and re-growth may occur. For best results, ensure thorough spray coverage of target weeds.
PrePass XC Herbicide stops growth of susceptible weeds rapidly. However, typical symptoms (discolouration) of dying weeds may not be noticeable for 1 to 2 weeks after application, depending upon growing conditions and weed susceptibility. Degree of control and duration of effect are dependent on weed sensitivity, weed size, crop competition, growing conditions at and following treatment, and spray coverage.
Delay application until weeds have emerged to the stages described (see Directions for Use section) to provide adequate leaf surface to receive the spray. Unemerged weeds or vegetation arising from underground rhizomes or root stocks of perennials will not be affected by the spray and will continue to grow. For this reason, best control of most perennial weeds is obtained when treatment is made at late growth stages approaching maturity.
Do not treat weeds under poor growing conditions such a drought stress, disease or insect damage, as reduced weed control may result. Reduced results may also occur when treating weeds heavily covered with dust.
This product does not provide residual weed control. For subsequent residual weed control, follow a label approved herbicide program. Read and carefully observe the cautionary statement and all other information appearing on the labels of all herbicides used.
Heavy rainfall immediately after application may wash the chemical off the foliage and a repeat treatment may be required. Do not apply if rainfall is forecast for the time of application.
Do not mix with any surfactant, pesticide, herbicide oils or any other material other than water unless specified in this booklet. For best results, spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Do not spray weed foliage to the point of runoff.

MODE OF ACTION

This herbicide moves through the plant from the point of foliage contact to and into the root system. Visible effects on most annual weeds occur within 2 to 4 days but on most perennial weeds may not occur until 7 to 10 days. Extremely cool or cloudy weather at treatment time may slow down activity of this product and delay visual effects of control. Visible effects are a gradual wilting and yellowing of the plant which advances to complete browning of above ground growth and deterioration of underground plant parts.

GENERAL USE PRECAUTIONS
DO NOT APPLY BY AIR 
Do not apply through any type of irrigation system
Do not use in successive years at the same site.
This product has potential to leach. Do not apply excessive irrigation.

Crop Rotation
Fields previously treated with PrePass XC Herbicide can be seeded the following crop year to barley, canola, chickpeas, corn, field beans, flax, Juncea canola, lentils, mustard (brown, oriental and/or yellow), oats, peas, potatoes (except seed potatoes), soybeans, sunflower, wheat, forage crops or fields can be summerfallowed. Do not use in successive years at the same site.

ATTENTION: AVOID CONTACT WITH FOLIAGE, GREEN STEMS, OR FRUIT OF CROPS, DESIRABLE PLANTS AND TREES SINCE SEVERE INJURY OR DESTRUCTION MAY RESULT.


APPLY THESE SPRAY SOLUTIONS IN PROPERLY MAINTAINED AND CALIBRATED EQUIPMENT CAPABLE OF DELIVERING DESIRED VOLUMES.


AVOID DRIFT - EXTREME CARE MUST BE USED WHEN APPLYING THIS PRODUCT TO PREVENT INJURING DESIRABLE PLANTS AND CROPS.
 Do not allow spray mist to drift since even minute quantities of spray can cause severe damage or destruction to nearby crops, plants or other areas on which treatment is not intended, or may cause other unintended consequences. Do not apply when winds are gusty or in excess of 8 km/h or when other conditions, including lesser wind velocities, will allow drift to occur. When spraying, avoid combinations of pressure and nozzle type that will result in fine particles (mist) which are more likely to drift.

DO NOT USE IN GREENHOUSES. REDUCED RESULTS MAY OCCUR IF WATER CONTAINING SOIL IS USED, SUCH AS WATER FROM PONDS AND UNLINED DITCHES.


Clean sprayer and parts immediately after using this product by thoroughly flushing with water. Do not contaminate water sources by disposal of wastes or cleaning of equipment.

NOTE: Use of this product in any manner not consistent with this booklet may result in injury to persons, animals or crops, or other unintended consequences. Keep container closed to prevent spills and contamination.

Tank Mixtures
In some cases, tank mixing a pest control product with another pest control product or a fertilizer can result in biological effects that could include, but are not limited to: reduced pest efficacy or increased host crop injury. The user should contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc at 1-800-667-3852 or www.dowagro.ca for information before mixing any pesticide or fertilizer that is not specifically recommended on this label. The user assumes the risk of losses that result from the use of tank mixes that do not appear on this label or that are not specifically recommended by Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc.

To Reduce Spray Drift:
1. Use nozzles delivering higher volumes and coarser droplets.
2. Use low pressures (200 to 275 kPa).
3. Use 100 L/ha of spray solution.
4. Spray when the wind velocity is 15 km/hr or less.
5. Spot treatments should only be applied with a calibrated boom to prevent over-application.

Sprayer clean-out

To avoid injury to desirable plants, thoroughly clean equipment used to apply this product before re-use or using it to apply other chemicals.
1. Immediately after spraying, completely drain the sprayer tank. Any contamination on the outside of the spraying equipment should be removed by washing with clean water.
2. First rinse:
Spray the inside of tank with clean water and fill the sprayer with at least one tenth of the spray tank volume.
Agitate and circulate for 15 minutes, and flush through booms and hoses.
Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
Drain tank completely.
3. Second rinse:
Fill the tank with clean water.
Add All Clear Spray Tank Decontaminator, or Clean-Out Spray Tank Cleaner, or 1 L of household ammonia (containing a minimum of 3 % ammonia) per 100 L of water, or similar tank cleaning agent as per manufacturer’s recommendations while filling the tank with clean water.
Agitate and then flush the boom and hoses with the cleaning solution. Top up with water making sure the tank is completely full. Allow to stand for 15 minutes with agitation. Flush the solution out of the spray tank through the spray booms. Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
If possible, let the solution stand in the sprayer tank and booms for an extended period of time, overnight if possible.
After flushing the boom and hoses, drain tank completely.
Remove nozzles and screens and clean separately with a cleaning agent or an ammonia solution (100 mL in 10 L water).
4. Third rinse:
Rinse the tank with clean water and flush through the boom and hoses using at least one tenth of the spray tank volume.
Remove end caps or open ball valves on the ends of each boom section, and flush solution through the boom ends to ensure there is no spray solution trapped between the boom end and the nozzles.
Drain tank completely.
Do not use ammonia with chlorine bleach. Using ammonia with chlorine bleach will release a gas with a musty chlorine odour which may cause eye, nose, throat, and lung irritation. Do not clean equipment in an enclosed area.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE

READ THE ENTIRE LABEL BEFORE USE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW LABEL INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN ERRATIC WEED CONTROL OR CROP DAMAGE. DO NOT APPLY TO CROPS UNDERSEEDED WITH LEGUMES.

PREPASS XC HERBICIDE APPLIED ALONE
Apply PrePass XC A at a rate of 100 mL/ha, mixed with PrePass XC B at a rate of 0.94 L/ha in 50-100 L of water per hectare in the fall or spring prior to planting spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat, spring barley and oats, or as an initial treatment in summerfallow.

Weeds Controlled or Suppressed with PrePass XC Herbicide

Weeds Controlled:
Annual Broadleaved Weeds
buckwheat wild (up to 5 leaves), canola volunteer*, chickweed common, cleavers, cow cockle, flax volunteer, fleabane Canada**, flixweed, hempnettle, kochia, lady’s-thumb, lamb’s-quarters, mustard wild, pigweed redroot, narrow-leaved hawk’s beard**, ragweed common**, scentless chamomile, shepherd's purse, smartweed, stinkweed, thistle Russian
Annual Grasses
barley volunteer, brome downey, foxtail giant, foxtail green, oats wild, Persian darnel, wheat volunteer
Perennial Weeds
dandelion (seedling, overwintered rosettes, mature plants up to 30 cm in diameter)
Weeds Suppressed:
sow-thistle annual, sow-thistle perennial***

*Including all herbicide tolerant canola varieties
**Less than 8 cm in height
***Applications made at advanced stages will reduce effectiveness

Mixing Instructions

1. Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water.
2. Start sprayer tank agitation.
3. Add the required amount of PrePass XC A, continue agitation.
4. Add the required amount of PrePass XC B, continue agitation.
5. Fill the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 50 - 100 L of spray mixture per hectare.

TANK-MIX COMBINATION – PREPASS XC HERBICIDE + VANTAGE PLUS MAX II HERBICIDE SOLUTION

PrePass XC Herbicide can be tank mixed with Vantage Plus MAX II Herbicide Solution for control of additional weeds listed in the tables below. Read all tank-mix partner labels thoroughly for more information on precautions, preharvest intervals, buffer zone requirements and additional directions for use.

Tank-Mix Combinations with Vantage Plus MAX II Herbicide Solution for Additional Weed Control

Rate L/Ha of Vantage Plus MAX II Herbicide Solution: 0.75
Additional Weeds Controlled: 
Annual weeds: Crab grass, annual blue grass, prickly lettuce, annual sow thistle, and narrow-leaved vetch

Rate L/Ha of Vantage Plus MAX II Herbicide Solution: 0.94
Additional Weeds Controlled: 
Perennial weeds: Quack grass (control, light to moderate infestations), Foxtail barley (control, light to moderate infestations), Canada thistle (rosette stage)♦, Toadflax (Vegetative Stage in summerfallow)♦♦

Rate L/Ha of Vantage Plus MAX II Herbicide Solution: 2.62 – 4.30
Additional Weeds Controlled: 
All weeds listed above plus Quack grass (heavy infestations, longer control), Foxtail barley (heavy infestations or when plants are under stress – low rate only), Canada thistle (bud stage or beyond) ♦♦

♦ Allow 5 or more days after treatment before tillage
♦♦ Allow 10 days after treatment before tillage

Mixing Instructions
1. Fill sprayer tank 1/2 full of water.
2. Start sprayer tank agitation.
3. Add the required amount of PrePass XC A, continue agitation.
4. Add the required amount of PrePass XC B, continue agitation.
5. Add tank-mix partner.
6. Fill the sprayer tank with sufficient water to spray 50 - 100 L of spray mixture per hectare.

Application Timing

Apply to actively growing weeds in the 2-4 leaf stage, except where noted above. Extreme growing conditions such as drought or near freezing temperature prior to, at or following time of application may reduce weed control. Only weeds which are emerged at the time of application will be affected. If foliage is wet at the time of application, control may be decreased. Under conditions of high weed density, control may be reduced.

Pre-Seed (spring or fall)

PrePass XC Herbicide may be applied prior to seeding and no longer than 48 hours after seeding, prior to any crop emergence. Fields treated with PrePass XC Herbicide may be planted to barley, oats, spring wheat (including durum), winter wheat or summerfallowed.

Chem-Fallow

May 1 to July 31: PrePass XC Herbicide may be applied to summerfallow fields and seeded in the fall to winter wheat and in the following spring to barley, canola, oats, peas or wheat (including durum) or summerfallowed.

Fall Application

PrePass XC Herbicide may be applied to stubble or summerfallow fields after August 1st and prior to freeze-up and may be seeded in the fall to winter wheat and in the following spring to barley, oats or spring wheat (including durum) or summerfallowed.
Do not use in successive years at the same site.

RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS

For resistance management, please note that PrePass XC Herbicide is both a Group 2 and a Group 9 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to PrePass XC Herbicide and to other Group 2 and/or to Group 9 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same fields. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of PrePass XC Herbicide or other Group 2 or other group 9 herbicide within a growing season (sequence) or among growing seasons with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted. To delay resistance, the less resistance-prone partner should control the target weed(s) as effectively as the more resistance-prone partner.
Herbicide use should be based on an integrated weed management program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical control methods), cultural (for example, higher crop seeding rates; precision fertilizer application method and timing to favour the crop and not the weeds), biological (weed-competitive crops or varieties) and other management practices.
Monitor weed populations after herbicide application for signs of resistance development (for example, only one weed species on the herbicide label not controlled). If resistance is suspected, prevent weed seed production in the affected area if possible by an alternative herbicide from a different group. Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment when moving between fields, and planting clean seed.
Have suspected resistant weed seeds tested by a qualified laboratory to confirm resistance and identify alternative herbicide options.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance management and/or integrated weed management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc. at 1-800-667-3852.

NOTICE TO USER:
 This pest control product is to be used only in accordance with the directions on the label. It is an offence under the Pest Control Products Act to use this product in a way that is inconsistent with the directions on the label. The user assumes the risk to persons or property that arises from any such use of this product.

Effective
Crops
Spring barley
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.94 - 0.94
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Winter wheat
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.94 - 0.94
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Spring wheat
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.94 - 0.94
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Winter oats
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.94 - 0.94
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Spring oats
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.94 - 0.94
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Glyphosate
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.94 - 0.94
Preharvest Interval
-