Salute A is a soluble granular herbicide intended for dilution with water and for use on canola. It is readily absorbed by both foliage and roots and translocates both upwards and downwards in plants. The product controls Canada thistle, wild buckwheat, scentless chamomile, common groundsel and volunteer alfalfa. It suppresses growth of perennial sow-thistle through control of top growth.
DIRECTION FOR USE
VEGETATION AND CROP PRECAUTIONS
Do not apply Salute A directly to, or otherwise permit it to come into contact with sunflowers, legumes (such as peas, beans, lentils or alfalfa), fruit or vegetable crops, flowers or other desirable broadleaved plants. Take precautions to prevent spray mists containing it to drift onto them. Residues of Salute A can remain in the soil following the year of use, thereby affecting growth of sensitive crops.
Do not apply to or allow drift to come into contact with sensitive desirable vegetation such as vetch or clover which may be found on embankments.
Avoid contamination of non-target land, water or irrigation ditches. Do not use Salute A in the following areas: standing or flowing water; the inner banks or bottoms of irrigation ditches; in areas where surface water can run off to adjacent croplands either planted or to be planted to sensitive crops.
Fields previously treated with Salute A can be seeded the following year to wheat, oats, barley, rye (not underseeded with legumes, clover or alfalfa), forage grasses, flax, canola, mustard or it can be summerfallowed.
Do not seed to crops other than those listed above in the calendar year following treatment.
In some cases, tank mixing a pest control product with another pest control product or a fertilizer can result in biological effects that could include, but are not limited to: reduced pest efficacy or increased host crop injury. The user should contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc at 1-800-667-3852 or www.dowagro.ca for information before mixing any pesticide or fertilizer that is not specifically recommended on this label. The user assumes the risk of losses that result from the use of tank mixes that do not appear on this label or that are not specifically recommended by Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc.
Grazing and Harvesting for Feed
There are no restrictions on the grazing of crops or forages treated with Salute A. If necessary, treated areas may be grazed immediately following application.
Manure and Straw
Residues of the herbicide occurring in the straw may be harmful to susceptible plants; therefore, do not use straw or crop residue from treated crops for composting or mulching susceptible broadleaved crops. If the straw or crop residue is used for animal bedding or feed, return the manure to fields to be planted to clopyralid tolerant crops such as wheat, barley, oats, rye, forage grasses, canola or flax. Do not grow susceptible crops such as peas, beans, lentils, potatoes, sunflowers or other sensitive crops on land which has been mulched with straw containing Salute A residues within the last 12 months.
SPRAY EQUIPMENT AND CONTAINER PRECAUTIONS
Field sprayer application: DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) medium classification. Boom height must be 60 cm or less above the crop or ground.
DO NOT APPLY BY AIR.
To Reduce Spray Drift:
1. Use nozzles that deliver higher volumes and coarser droplets.
2. Use low pressures (200 to 275 kPa).
3. Use 100 to 200 L/ha of spray solution.
4. Spray when the wind velocity is 15 km/hr or less.
Equipment used to apply Salute A should not be used to apply other pesticides to sensitive crops without thorough cleaning. Contact your Salute A dealer for a detailed equipment cleaning procedure.
To prepare the spray solution add about half the desired amount of water to the spray tank, then with mechanical or bypass agitation, add the recommended amount of Salute A. Mix thoroughly in the tank. Second, add the recommended tank-mix herbicide. Finally with continued agitation, add the rest of the water.
Spray Application Volume
Apply Salute A at 210 to 415 g/ha plus any other herbicide approved as a tank-mix at the recommended rate in sufficient water to ensure thorough coverage (100 to 200 L/ha of spray solution) by ground equipment only at pressures of 200 to 275 kPa. Treat when weeds are young and actively growing, when the Canada thistle is in the rosette to pre-bud stage and before the purple bud stage and volunteer alfalfa is 5-50 cm in height.
200 to 275 kPa = 30 to 40 PSI
100 to 200 L/ha = 10 to 20 gallons/acre
DIRECTIONS FOR USE – Salute A Applied Alone
Weeds Controlled: Canada thistle (top growth), vetch (Vicia spp.) alsike clover
Rate (1): 210 g/ha
Weeds Controlled: Canada thistle scentless chamomile, wild buckwheat, perennial sow-thistle (top growth), common groundsel, volunteer alfalfa, common ragweed, sheep sorrel (suppression), ox-eye daisy (suppression)
Rate (1): 210 g/ha
Weeds Controlled: Canada thistle (season-long control of top growth with a reduction in population in the following year)
Rate (1): 210 g/ha
(1) Refer to individual crop sections below for appropriate use rate.
Weed Stages at Application
Applications of Salute A should be made when Canada thistle, perennial sow-thistle and scentless chamomile are in the rosette to pre-bud stage of growth. Best results are obtained when Canada thistle is actively growing and soil moisture is adequate for rapid growth. Under dry soil conditions and poor growing conditions, control of Canada thistle may be severely reduced. Applications of Salute A made after the Canada thistle flower has reached the purple bud stage will not provide satisfactory control.
Control of Canada Thistle
For in crop control of top growth of Canada thistle apply Salute A at the rate of 210 g/ha. This will suppress top growth of Canada thistle for 6 to 8 weeks. Some regrowth may occur by the end of the season but this will not interfere with the harvesting of the crop.
For season long control of top growth of Canada thistle apply Salute A at the rate of 280 g/ha. This rate will generally provide season long control of Canada thistle. Not all rhizomes will be killed and some regrowth may occur by the end of the growing season.
For season long control of top growth, with a reduction of Canada thistle population in the following year, apply Salute A at the rate of 415 g/ha. This rate will provide season long control of Canada thistle and suppression into the following season, resulting in a reduction of the total number of Canada thistle shoots in the treated area.
CANOLA (Western Canada Only)
For use on Polish and Argentine varieties, including canola. Salute A should be diluted with water and applied at the 2 to 6 leaf stage of the crop to effectively control Canada thistle, scentless chamomile, common groundsel, wild buckwheat, the top growth of perennial sow-thistle and volunteer alfalfa. For specific directions for control of Canada thistle only refer to the section entitled Control of Canada Thistle.
Uses of the following spray methods or equipment DO NOT require a buffer zone: hand-held or backpack sprayer and spot treatment.
The buffer zones specified in the table below are required between the point of direct application and the closest downwind edge of sensitive terrestrial habitats (such as grasslands, forested areas, woodlots, hedgerows, riparian areas and shrublands).
Method of application: Field sprayer
Buffer Zones (metres) Required for the Protection of:
Terrestrial Habitat: 2
For tank mixes, consult the labels of the tank-mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the products involved in the tank mixture and apply using the coarsest spray (ASAE) category indicated on the labels for those tank-mix partners.
The spray drift buffer zones for this product can be modified based on weather conditions and spray equipment configuration by accessing the Buffer Zone Calculator on the Pest Management Regulatory Agency web site.
RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
For resistance management, Salute A is a Group 4 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to Salute A and other Group 4 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of Salute A or other Group 4 herbicides within a growing season (sequence) or among growing seasons with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted. To delay resistance, the less resistance-prone partner should control the target weed(s) as effectively as the more resistance-prone partner.
Herbicide use should be based on an integrated weed management program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical control methods), cultural (for example, higher crop seeding rates; precision fertilizer application method and timing to favour the crop and not the weeds), biological (weed-competitive crops or varieties) and other management practices.
Monitor weed populations after herbicide application for signs of resistance development (for example, only one weed species on the herbicide label not controlled). If resistance is suspected, prevent weed seed production in the affected area if possible by an alternative herbicide from a different group. Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment when moving between fields, and planting clean seed.
Have suspected resistant weed seeds tested by a qualified laboratory to confirm resistance and identify alternative herbicide options.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc. at 1-800-667-3852 or at www.dowagro.ca.
NOTICE TO USER: This pest control product is to be used only in accordance with the directions on the label. It is an offence under the Pest Control Products Act to use this product in any way that is inconsistent with the directions on the label. The user assumes the risk to persons or property that arises from any such use of this product.
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