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VIVAL is a soluble concentrate formulation containing 360 g/l glyphosate
A foliar applied herbicide for the control of annual and perennial grass and broadleaved weeds before planting all crops.c
For use as a pre-harvest herbicide in cereals, oilseed rape and mustard, destruction of grassland, and in stubbles, setaside, orchards, non crop.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is approved as part of the Product Label. It is advisable to read all the instructions within this section carefully in order to obtain safe and successful use of this product.

- DO NOT leave spray mixtures in tank for long periods.

A period of at least 6 hours and preferably 24 hours rain-free must follow application of VIVAL. 
Do not spray in windy conditions as drift onto desired crops or vegetation could severely damage or destroy them. 
Do not spray onto weeds which are naturally senescent, or where growth is impaired by drought, high temperatures, a covering of dust, fl ooding or frost at, or immediately after application, otherwise poor control may result. 
Applications of lime, fertilizer, farmyard manure and pesticides should be delayed until 5 days after application of VIVAL. 
After application, large concentrations of decaying foliage, stolons, roots or rhizomes should be dispersed or buried by thorough cultivation before crop drilling.

Weeds Controlled
VIVAL is a foliar acting herbicide which controls annual and perennial grass and most broadleaved weeds when used as directed. It is important that all weeds are at the appropriate stage when treated, otherwise some re-growth may occur which would need re-treatment. 
Apply VIVAL herbicide once grasses and broadleaved weeds have emerged and they have ACTIVELY GROWING green leaves. 
- PERENNIAL BROAD-LEAVED WEEDS are most susceptible at the fl owering stage. 
- PERENNIAL GRASSES must have a full emergence of healthy, green leaf. For example, common couch becomes susceptible at the onset of tillering and when new rhizome growth commences, which usually occurs when plants have 4-5 leaves with 10-15 cm of new growth. 
ANNUAL GRASSES AND BROAD-LEAVED WEEDS should have at least 5 cm of leaf, or 2 expanded true leaves, respectively. In set-aside, annual grasses are best treated at full ear emergence, or before stem elongation. Application during the stem extension phase of annual grasses e.g. Black-grass and Brome species on set-aside between the end of April and end of May, may result in poor control and require re-treatment. 
- BRACKEN should be treated after frond tips are unfurled, but pre-senescence
This product will not give an acceptable level of control of Horsetails (Equisetum arvense).

Following Crops
Upon soil adsorption the herbicidal properties of VIVAL are lost permitting the drilling of crops 48 hours after application. 
Planting of trees, shrubs etc may take place 7 days after application. Grass seed may be sown from 5 days after treatment.

Weed Resistance Strategy
There is low risk for the development of weed resistance to VIVAL. Strains of some annual weeds (e.g. Blackgrass, Wild oats and Italian Ryegrass) have developed resistance to herbicides which may lead to poor control. A strategy for preventing and managing such resistance should be adopted. This should include integrating herbicides with a programme of cultural control measures. Guidelines have been produced by the Weed Resistance Action Group and copies are available from the Teagasc your distributor, crop adviser or product manufacturer, Belchim Crop Protection. Growers are encouraged to implement a weed resistance strategy based on (a) Good Agricultural Practices and (b) Good Plant Protection Practices by: 
- Following label recommendations 
- Monitoring performance and reporting any unexpected results to Belchim Crop Protection 
- Minimizing the risk of spreading weed infestations 
- The implementation of good spraying practice to maintain effective weed control 
- The adoption of complimentary weed control practices 
- Using the correct nozzles to maximize coverage 
- Application only under appropriate weather conditions

Sprayer Hygiene
It is essential to thoroughly clean-out spray tanks, pumps and pipelines and nozzle or disc assemblies, with a recommended detergent cleaner, between applying this product and other pesticides to avoid contamination from pesticide residues. Traces of VIVAL left in the equipment may seriously damage or destroy crops sprayed later.

General Cautions
Take extreme care to avoid drift, particularly when using near hedgerows.

Mixing and Spraying
VIVAL mixes readily with water and can be applied in spray volumes ranging from 80-400 l/ha using tractor mounted, knapsack, rotary atomizers and hand-held sprayers. Specialized application equipment such as weed wipers and spot gun applicators may be used where indicated. 
Correctly calibrate all sprayers under field or use conditions prior to application.
a) Tractor mounted and powered sprayers
These should be capable of applying accurately 80-400 l/ha within a pressure range of 1.5-2.5 bars (20-35 psi).
Half fi ll the spray tank with clean water, start gentle agitation, and then add the correct amount of VIVAL. Top up the tank with water to the required level. To avoid foaming do not use top tank agitation. Use of a defoamer may be necessary
All applications using hydraulic sprayers (including knapsack sprayers) should use ‘MEDIUM’ or “COARSE’ spray quality (BCPC defi nition).
Medium Volume application (150-300 l/ha) Avoid high water volumes (>300 l/ha) which may lead to run-off from the treated vegetation, resulting in reduced control. Low drift nozzles such as air induction and pre-orifi ce types producing a medium or coarse spray (BCPC defi nition) should be used to minimize the risk of drift.
Low Volume Application (minimum 80 l/ha) 
Low volume application can be achieved by reducing pressure and the appropriate nozzle selection. Low drift nozzles which produce a medium spray quality (BCPC defi nition) should be used to minimize the risk of drift.
b) Knapsack sprayers
Recommended delivery range is 80-300 l/ha. Half fi ll the spray tank with clean water, add the correct amount of VIVAL and top up with water. When used at a walking speed of 1 m/sec to apply a swath of 1 m width, most knapsack sprayers fi tted with a Lurmark AN 2.0 or similar nozzle deliver approximately 200 l/ha spray volume (or 10 L per 500 m2). To apply 4.0 l/ ha of VIVAL, therefore, use 40 ml of product for each 2 litres of spray liquid required. Similarly, knapsack sprayers fi tted with low volume nozzles such as Lurmark AN 1.0 typically deliver approximately 100 l/ha spray volume. To apply 4.0 l/ha VIVAL in this case, use 80 ml of product for each 2 litres of spray liquid required.
c) Rotary Atomizers
Tractor-mounted boom sprayers and hand-held machines are suitable for use in some situations to apply a minimum spray volume of 40 l/ha. When rotary atomizers are used to apply VIVAL ensure that the droplet diameter falls within the range 200-300 microns for all uses. Stir the correct amount of VIVAL to control the particular target species into the sprayer bottle half fi lled with clean water. Top up with water, close the top and shake gently to ensure good mixing.
Do not tank mix VIVAL when using rotary atomizer sprayers.
d) Weed Wipers
For ropewick applicators use a concentration of 1 part VIVAL to 2 parts of water and add a water-soluble dye if required. Care should be taken to avoid dripping onto wanted vegetation. For new generation weed wipers, use 1 part VIVAL to 10 to 20 parts of water or as directed by manufacturer’s instructions.
e) Spot Gun Applicators
Spot gun applicators are for the treatment of individual weeds. Apply 5 ml of spray to target weed, using a narrow cone TG-3 or TG-5 nozzle.

Consult Belchim Crop Protection before tank mixing with any adjuvants or other pesticides

All goods supplied by us are of high grade and we believe them to be suitable, but as we cannot exercise control over their storage, handling, mixing or use, or the weather conditions before, during and after application which may affect the performance of the goods, all conditions and warranties, statutory or otherwise, as to the quality of fi tness for any purpose of our goods are excluded, and no responsibility will be accepted by us or re-sellers for any failure in performance, damage or injury whatsoever arising from their storage, handling application or use. These conditions cannot be varied by our staff or agents whether or not they supervise or assist in the use of such goods.

Registered for culturesRate
Glyphosate who kills all plants1.5 - 6 l