DIRECTIONS FOR USE
It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling.
Do not apply this product in a way that will contact workers or other persons, either directly or through drift. Only protected handlers may be in the area during application. For any requirements specific to your State or Tribe, consult the agency responsible for pesticide regulation.
Some insects are known to develop resistance to insecticides after repeated use. As with any insecticide, the use of this product should conform to resistance management strategies established for the use area. Couraze 2F contains a Group 4A insecticide. Insect biotypes with acquired or inherent resistance to Group 4A may eventually dominate the insect population if Group 4A insecticides are used repeatedly as the predominant method of control for targeted species.
The active ingredient in Couraze 2F belongs to the neonicotinoid chemical class. Insect pests resistant to other chemical classes have not shown cross-resistance to Couraze 2F. In order to maintain susceptibility to this class of chemistry in insect species with high resistance development potential, it is recommended that for each crop season: 1) only a single, soil application of Couraze 2F be made; 2) foliar applications of products from this same class should not be made following a long-residual, soil application of Couraze 2F, or other neonicotinoid products.
Foliar applications - apply as directed or broadcast foliar spray. Thorough coverage of foliage, without runoff, is necessary for optimum insecticidal efficacy. Use adequate spray volumes, properly calibrated application equipment, and a spray adjuvant if necessary to obtain thorough coverage. Failure to provide adequate coverage and retention of Couraze 2F may result in loss of insect control or delay in onset of activity. Couraze 2F may be applied with properly calibrated ground or aerial application equipment. Minimum recommended spray volumes, unless otherwise specified on crop-specific recommended application sections, are 10 gallons/Acre by ground application and five gallons/Acre through aerial equipment. Couraze 2F may also be applied by overhead chemigation (see “Chemigation Directions For Use” section below). Soil applications - direct Couraze 2F into the seed or root-zone of crop. Failure to place Couraze 2F into root-zone may result in loss of control or delay in onset of activity. Couraze 2F may be applied with ground or chemigation application (see “Chemigation Directions For Use” section below). Do not apply with aerial application equipment. Couraze 2F intended for soil activity may be applied to foliage if product is washed from the foliage to the soil prior to drying on foliage. Optimum activity of soil applied Couraze 2F results from applications to the root-zone of plants to be protected. The earlier Couraze 2F is available to a developing plant, the earlier the protection begins. Couraze 2F is continuously taken into the roots over a long period of time and the systemic nature of Couraze 2F allows movement from roots through the xylem tissue to all vegetative parts of the plant. This results in extended residualactivity of Couraze 2F, the control of insects and the prevention and/or reduction of virus transmission or symptom expression, and plant health benefits. The rate of Couraze 2F applied affects the length of the plant protection period. Higher rates are recommended when infestations occur later in crop development, or where pest pressure is continuous. Couraze 2F as a soil-applied treatment will generally not control insects infesting flowers, blooms, or fruit. Additional crop protection may be required for insects feeding in or on these plant parts and for insects not listed in the sections “crop-specific pests controlled” of this label. Additional, specific Couraze 2F application recommendations are also provided in the crop-specific sections of this label. Additional, specific instructions for Couraze 2F application are also provided in the crop-specific sections of this label. Suppression, or less than complete control of certain diseases and insect pests, including reduced feeding, may also result from Couraze 2F applications. Complete control of these pests/diseases may require supplemental control measures. Couraze 2F use on crops grown for production of true seed intended for private or commercial planting is generally not recommended but may be allowed under State specific, supplemental labeling. As with any insecticide, care should be taken to minimize exposure of Couraze 2F to honey bees and other pollinators. Additional information on Couraze 2F uses for these crops and other questions may be obtained from the Cooperative Extension Service, PCAs, consultants, or local Cheminova representatives. Premix Couraze 2F with water or other appropriate diluent prior to application. Keep Couraze 2F and water suspension agitated to avoid settling. Do not apply more than 0.5 lb. active ingredient per acre, per crop year, regardless of formulation or method of application, unless specified within a crop-specific, Application Rates section for a given crop. Additional Product Use information may be obtained by calling 1-800-548-6113 or visiting our website at www.cheminova.us.com.
To prepare the application mixture, add a portion of the required amount of water to the tank and, with agitation, add Couraze 2F. Finish filling tank with balance of water needed. Maintain sufficient agitation during both mixing and application. Couraze 2F may also be used with other pesticides and/or fertilizer solutions. Please see Compatibility Note below. When tank mixtures of Couraze 2F and other pesticides are involved, prepare the tank mixture as recommended above and follow suggested Mixing Order below.
When pesticide mixtures are needed, add wettable powders first, Couraze 2F and other flowable (suspension concentrate) products second, and emulsifiable concentrates last. Ensure good agitation as each component is added. Do not add an additional component until the previous is thoroughly mixed. If a fertilizer solution is added, a fertilizer/pesticide compatibility agent may be needed. When tank mixtures of Couraze 2F maintain constant agitation during both mixing and application to ensure uniformity of spray mixture as specified above and follow the mixing order below.
Test compatibility of the intended mixture before adding Couraze 2F to the spray or mix tank. Add proportionate amounts of each ingredient in the appropriate order to a pint or quart jar, cap, shake for 5 minutes, and let stand for 5 minutes. Poor mixing or formation of precipitates that do not readily redisperse indicates an incompatible mixture that should not be used. For further information, contact your local Cheminova representative
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