ENGENIA controls broadleaf weeds in cereals, field corn, Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybeans, reduced tillage (prior to seeding and reduced tillage fallow), pastures and rangeland grasses, crop-free land (summerfallow and stubble), red fescue, canary seed (Phalaris canariensis), seedling grasses grown for seed and forage and low bush blueberries.
SPRAY DRIFT PRECAUTIONS AND MANAGEMENT
Avoiding spray drift at the application site is the responsibility of the applicator. The spray system and weather-related factors determine the potential for spray drift. The applicator is responsible for considering these factors when making application decisions to avoid spray drift onto non-target areas.
Applicators must follow application requirements to avoid spray drift hazards, including those found in this labeling and applicable provincial and local regulations and ordinances. Areas with more stringent regulations must be observed.
All application equipment must be properly maintained and calibrated using appropriate carriers.
The applicator should be familiar with and take into account all factors that affect spray drift. The information covered in the following spray drift reduction review should be considered before applying.
Controlling Droplet Size
The most effective way to reduce drift potential is to utilize nozzles that produce large spray droplets. Applying larger droplets reduces drift potential but will not prevent drift if applications are made improperly or under unfavorable environmental conditions (see Temperature and Humidity; Temperature Inversions; and Wind Speed and Direction).
Volume- Use high flow rate (large orifice) nozzles to apply the highest practical spray volume. Nozzles with higher rated flows generally produce larger droplets.
Pressure- DO NOT exceed the nozzle manufacturer’s recommended pressures. For many nozzle types, lower pressure produces larger droplets. When higher flow rates are needed, use higher flow rate nozzles instead of increasing pressure. Ensure that sprayer rate controller hardware (if so equipped) does not allow pressure increases above the desired range.
Temperature and Humidity- Low humidity and high temperatures increase the evaporation of water from spray, reducing droplet size and increasing potential for spray drift. Avoid spraying during conditions of low humidity and/or high temperatures. Avoid spraying under conditions of high humidity or fog. Apply ENGENIA when air temperature is between 10 and 25 C. Do not apply when there is a risk of severe fall in night temperature after use. Do not spray when the temperature is expected to exceed 30 C. Set up equipment to produce larger droplets to compensate for evaporation when making applications in hot and dry conditions.
DO NOT apply ENGENIA when temperature inversions exist. Temperature inversions increase drift potential because fine droplets may remain suspended after application. Suspended droplets can move in unpredictable directions because of the light and variable winds common during inversions. Temperature inversions are characterized by increasing temperatures with altitude and are common on nights with limited cloud cover and light-to-no wind. They begin to form as the sun sets and often continue into the morning before surface warming. Their presence can be indicated by ground fog; however, if fog is not present, inversions can also be identified by the movement of smoke from a ground source. Smoke that layers and moves laterally (under low wind conditions) indicates an inversion, while smoke that moves upward and rapidly dissipates indicates good vertical air mixing. The inversion typically dissipates with increased winds (above 5 km/ hr) or when surface air begins to warm (2 C from morning low).
Wind Speed and Direction
Measure wind speed at the boom height. DO NOT apply ENGENIA when sustained wind speed exceeds 15 kilometres per hour.
Local terrain can influence wind patterns. Every applicator should be familiar with local wind patterns and how they affect spray drift.
Do not apply during periods of dead calm or when weather conditions may cause drift from target areas to adjacent sensitive crops. Leave an adequate buffer zone between treatment areas and sensitive plants.
For wind speeds:
Wind speed - Application conditions and restrictions
< 3 km/hr - DO NOT make applications of ENGENIA if temperature inversion conditions exist. See Temperature Inversions for more detail.
3- 15 km/hr - Optimum application conditions.
> 15 km/hr - DO NOT spray. Determine average wind speed and direction at boom height.
Ground Application Spray Drift Management
Nozzle type - Correct nozzle selection is one of the most important parameters in drift reduction. Use nozzles that minimize the production of fine spray droplets less than 150 microns.
Use coarse sprays since they are less likely to drift than fine sprays. Select nozzles which minimize amounts of the fine spray particles. Keep the spray pressure below 150 kPa and the spray volume above 220 L/ha unless otherwise required by the nozzle manufacturer.
Selection of nozzles that deliver large droplets may require increased spray volume per hectare (litres per hectare) to maintain coverage of target vegetation.
For application to Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybeans, apply ENGENIA using nozzles that deliver extremely coarse to ultra- coarse spray droplets (volume median diameter of 450 microns or more) as defined by ASABE standard S572.1, and as shown in the nozzle manufacturer’s catalog.
Boom Height - Boom height should not be more than 50 cm above the target. Decreasing the boom height reduces exposure of droplets to environmental conditions like evaporation and wind. Automated boom height controllers are recommended with large booms to better maintain optimum nozzle-to-canopy height.
Equipment Ground Speed - Select a ground speed under 25 kilometres per hour that will deliver the desired spray volume while maintaining the desired spray pressure. Slower speeds generally result in better spray coverage and deposition on the target area.
Sensitive Areas ENGENIA should only be applied when the potential for drift to adjacent sensitive areas (e.g. residential areas, bodies of water, known habitat for threatened or endangered species, or sensitive crop plants) is minimal (e.g. when the wind is blowing away from sensitive areas).
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
Field Sprayer Application
DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) coarse classification. Boom height must be 50 cm or less above the crop or ground. For application to Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybeans, DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) extremely coarse classification.
Aerial Application (Cereals – Western Canada ONLY)
DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply when wind speed is greater than 15 km/h at flying height at the site of application. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) coarse classification. To reduce drift caused by turbulent wingtip vortices, the nozzle distribution along the spray boom length MUST NOT exceed 65% of the wingspan or rotor span.
DO NOT apply this product directly to freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs and wetlands), estuarine or marine habitats.
As this product is not registered for the control of pests in aquatic systems, DO NOT use to control aquatic pests.
DO NOT contaminate irrigation/drinking water supplies or aquatic habitats by cleaning of equipment or disposal of wastes.
To reduce runoff from treated areas into aquatic habitats, consider the characteristics and conditions of the site before treatment. Site characteristics and conditions that may lead to runoff include, but are not limited to, heavy rainfall, moderate to steep slope, bare soil, poorly draining soil (e.g. soils that are compacted, fine textured or low in organic matter such as clay).
Potential contamination of aquatic areas as a result of runoff may be reduced by including an untreated vegetative strip between the treated area and the edge of the water body.
Avoid applying this product when heavy rain is forecast.
The use of this chemical may result in contamination of groundwater particularly in areas where soils are permeable (e.g. sand, loamy sand and sandy loam soils) and/or the depth to the water table is shallow.
Use of the following spray methods or equipment DO NOT require a buffer zone: hand-held or backpack sprayer, spot treatment and inter-row hooded sprayer
The buffer zones specified in the table below are required between the point of direct application and the closest downwind edge of sensitive terrestrial habitats (such as grasslands, forested areas, shelter belts, woodlots, hedgerows, rangelands, riparian areas and shrublands), sensitive freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs and wetlands) and estuarine/marine habitats.
When a tank mixture is used, consult the labels of the tank mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the products involved in the tank mixture.
ENGENIA may be applied to:
Spring Wheat (1)
(1) Do not apply to durum wheat
1. Store ENGENIA in its original container only, away from other pesticides, fertilizer, food, or feed.
2. Keep the container closed to prevent spills and contamination.
3. Keep packages dry at all times.
Do not reuse this container for any purpose. This is a recyclable container, and it is to be disposed of at a container collection site. Contact your local distributor/dealer or municipality for the location of the nearest collection site. Before taking the container to the collection site:
1. Triple- or pressure-rinse the empty container. Add the rinsings to spray mixture in the tank.
2. Make the empty, rinsed container unsuitable for further use.
If there is no container collection site in your area, dispose of the container in accordance with provincial requirements.
For information on disposal of unused, unwanted product, contact the manufacturer or the provincial regulatory agency. Contact the manufacturer and the provincial regulatory agency in case of a spill, and for clean-up of spills.
|Registered for cultures||Rate||Preharvest Interval|
|Winter wheat||183 - 232 ml|
|Spring wheat||183 - 232 ml|
|Spring barley||183 - 232 ml|
|Winter oats||183 - 232 ml|
|Spring oats||183 - 232 ml|
|Spring rye||183 - 232 ml|
|Corn||480 - 1000 ml||30|
|Soybeans||480 - 1000 ml||10|
|Blueberries||3.68 - 5.68 l|