DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
As this product in not registered for the control of pests in aquatic systems, DO NOT use to control aquatic pests.
DO NOT contaminate irrigation or drinking water supplies or aquatic habitats by cleaning of equipment or disposal of wastes.
DO NOT enter or allow worker entry into treated areas during the restricted-entry interval (REI) of 12 hours.
For resistance management, Nufarm ESTAPROP XT Liquid Herbicide is a Group 4 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to Nufarm ESTAPROP XT Liquid Herbicide and other Group 4 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of Nufarm ESTAPROP XT Liquid Herbicide or other Group 4 herbicides with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted.
Herbicide use should be based on an IPM program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical), cultural, biological and other chemical control practices.
Monitor treated weed populations for resistance development.
Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment and planting clean seed.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact Nufarm Agriculture Inc. at 1-800-868-5444 or at www.nufarm.ca.
GENERAL USE PRECAUTIONS:
Nufarm ESTAPROP XT Liquid Herbicide may cause damage to susceptible crop, ornamental, and other plants, even in minute quantities.
Avoid spray drift to any desirable vegetation. Coarse sprays are less likely to drift. Do not spray during periods of high winds.
Do not graze or cut treated crops for forage until 40 days after application.
Withdraw meat animals from treated fields at least 3 days before slaughter.
Observe a minimum interval to harvest of 60 days after treatment.
Observe a minimum plant-back interval of 30 days.
Shake well before using. To ensure even mixing, half fill the sprayer tank with clean water, add the required amount of Nufarm ESTAPROP XT Liquid Herbicide and agitate thoroughly. Add the remainder of the water and agitate before spraying. If the spray solution has been left standing, agitate thoroughly before use. Wash sprayer thoroughly after use. For containers larger than 20L: Use a transfer system that avoids open pouring when transferring the liquid concentrate from such containers into the spray tank.
EQUIPMENT AND SPRAY VOLUME:
Field sprayer application: DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) coarse classification. Boom height must be 60 cm or less above the crop or ground. Apply in 50 to 200 litres of water per hectare by ground equipment unless otherwise indicated. Higher water volumes will reduce the risk of crop injury.
Aerial application: DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply when wind speed is greater than 16 km/h at flying height at the site of application. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) coarse classification. To reduce drift caused by turbulent wingtip vortices, the nozzle distributions along the spray boom length MUST NOT exceed 65% of the wing- or rotorspan. Apply in a minimum of 30 litres of water per hectare by aerial equipment. Use spray nozzles and pressures that deliver a medium to coarse quality spray. Avoid generating fine, driftable droplets.
AGRICULTURAL FIELD CROP USES:
CROPS, TIMING, RATES AND METHODS OF APPLICATION:
Crops under stress from adverse environmental conditions such as excess moisture, drought, disease, etc. may suffer a further setback when Nufarm ESTAPROP XT Liquid Herbicide is applied; however, the crop injury that may occur is usually offset by the benefits of enhanced weed control. Apply in warm weather when the crop and weeds are growing well, and the weeds are at a susceptible stage. Avoid application during drought conditions or during exceptionally hot weather.
CROP: Spring Cereals (spring wheat, durum wheat, and barley), not underseeded with legumes
APPLICATION TIME: From the 4-leaf expanded to the early flag-leaf (shot blade) stage. Do not apply more than one treatment per year.
METHOD: Ground or Aerial application.
RECOMMENDED RATE PER HECTARE: 1.2 L.
CROP: Winter Wheat
APPLICATION TIME: In spring, from full tillering to the shot blade stage. Do not apply during and after the flag-leaf stage. Do not apply to seedling winter cereals in the fall. Do not apply more than one treatment per year.
METHOD: Ground or Aerial application.
RECOMMENDED RATE PER HECTARE: 1.2 L
TANK MIX COMBINATIONS:
Nufarm ESTAPROP XT Liquid Herbicide may be used in combination with selected grass herbicides in wheat and barley for the convenience of one-pass in-crop weed control. Consult the label of the tank mix partner product, and follow the most stringent set of precautions, restrictions and directions for use. Particular attention should be given to appropriate crop and weed growth stage for application, varietal and recropping restrictions, minimum water volumes, and application techniques and conditions. In some cases, tank mixing a pest control product with another pest control product or a fertilizer can result in biological effects that could include, but are not limited to: reduced pest efficacy or increased host crop injury. The user should contact Nufarm Agriculture Inc. at 1-800-868-5444 for information before mixing any pesticide or fertilizer that is not specifically recommended on this label. The user assumes the risk of losses that result from the use of tank mixes that do not appear on this label or that are not specifically recommended by Nufarm Agriculture Inc.
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