Tend to be a paler green than most other annual grasses, are often more strongly twisted and often yellow due to frost, disease or nitrogen deficiency. Lower leaves often hairy or rough to touch. Upper leaves may have a few fine, soft hairs on both surfaces or rough to touch.
Narrow, dense, cylindrical, spike like, 30-100 mm long by 10 mm wide excluding the awns, bristly, initially held in the sheath and may remain partly enclosed in the sheath at maturity. Central axis (rachis) has hairs.
Spikelets in sets of three at each node of the rachis.