MCPA Ester 600Registration expired
NUFARM - Herbicide
27803

DIRECTIONS FOR USE
DO NOT enter or allow worker entry into treated areas during the restricted-entry interval (REI) of 12 hours.

RESISTANCE-MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS 
For resistance management, Nufarm MCPA Ester 600 Liquid Herbicide is a Group 4 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to Nufarm MCPA Ester 600 Liquid Herbicide and other Group 4 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of Nufarm MCPA Ester 600 Liquid Herbicide or other Group 4 herbicides with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted.
Herbicide use should be based on an IPM program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical), cultural, biological and other chemical control practices.
Monitor treated weed populations for resistance development.
Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment and planting clean seed.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact Nufarm Agriculture Inc. at 1-800-868-5444 or at www.nufarm.ca.

GENERAL USE PRECAUTIONS 
Nufarm MCPA Ester 600 Liquid Herbicide may cause damage to susceptible crop, ornamental, and other plants, even in minute quantities. Avoid spray drift to any desirable vegetation. Coarse sprays are less likely to drift. Do not spray during periods of high winds.
Do not permit lactating dairy animals to graze fields within 7 days after application.
Withdraw meat animals from treated fields at least 3 days before slaughter.
Do not harvest forage or cut hay within 7 days after application.

MIXING 
Shake well before using. To ensure even mixing, half fill the sprayer tank with clean water, add the required amount of Nufarm MCPA Ester 600 Liquid Herbicide and agitate thoroughly. Add the remainder of the water and agitate before spraying. If the spray solution has been left standing, agitate thoroughly before use. Wash sprayer thoroughly after use.

EQUIPMENT AND SPRAY VOLUME 
Field sprayer application: DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) coarse classification. Boom height must be 60 cm or less above the crop or ground.
Aerial application: DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply when wind speed is greater than 16 km/h at flying height at the site of application. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) coarse classification. To reduce drift caused by turbulent wingtip vortices, the nozzle distributions along the spray boom length MUST NOT exceed 65% of the wingspan or rotorspan.

Buffer Zones 
Use of the following spray methods or equipment DO NOT require a buffer zone: handheld or backpack sprayer and spot treatment. The buffer zones specified in the table below are required between the point of direct application and the closest downwind edge of sensitive terrestrial habitats, (such as grasslands, forested areas, shelter belts, woodlots, hedgerows, rangelands, riparian areas and shrublands), sensitive freshwater habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs and wetlands) and estuarine/marine habitats. When a tank mixture is used, consult the labels of the tank-mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the products involved in the tank mixture.
Apply in 50 to 200 litres of water per hectare by ground equipment unless otherwise indicated. Higher water volumes will reduce the risk of crop injury. Apply in a minimum of 30 litres of water per hectare by aerial equipment. Use spray nozzles and pressures that deliver a medium to coarse quality spray. Avoid generating fine, driftable droplets. For knapsack, spot treatment applications, mix 165 mL of product in 10 L water. Spray to wet all foliage thoroughly.

Generic Aerial Application Label Instructions 
Apply only by fixed-wing or rotary aircraft equipment which has been functionally and operationally calibrated for the atmospheric conditions of the area and the application rates and conditions of this label. Label rates, conditions and precautions are product specific. Read and understand the entire label before opening this product. Apply only at the rate recommended for aerial application on this label. Where no rate for aerial application appears for the specific use, this product cannot be applied by any type of aerial equipment. Ensure uniform application. To avoid streaked, uneven or overlapped application, use appropriate marking devices. No human flaggers are permitted. 
Use Precautions 
Apply only when meteorological conditions at the treatment site allow for complete and even crop coverage. Apply only under conditions of good practice specific to aerial application as outlined in the National Aerial Pesticide Application Manual, developed by the Federal/Provincial/Territorial Committee on Pest Management and Pesticides. Do not apply to any body of water. Avoid drifting of spray onto any body of water or other non-target areas. Specified buffer zones should be observed.  Coarse sprays are less likely to drift, therefore, avoid combinations of pressure and nozzle type that will result in fine particles (mist). Do not apply during periods of dead calm or when wind velocity and direction pose a risk of spray drift. Do not spray when the wind is blowing towards a nearby sensitive crop, garden, terrestrial habitat (such as shelter-belt) or aquatic habitat. 
Operator Precautions 
Do not allow the pilot to mix chemicals to be loaded onto the aircraft. Mixer/loader and applicator must be different individuals. Aircraft must be closed cab. Loading of premixed chemicals with a closed system is permitted. It is desirable that the pilot have communication capabilities at each treatment site at the time of application. The field crew and the mixer/loaders must wear long-sleeved shirt, long pants and coveralls, chemical resistant gloves and goggles or face shield during mixing/loading, cleanup and repair. Follow the more stringent label precautions in cases where the operator precautions exceed the generic label recommendations on the existing ground boom label. All personnel on the job site must wash hands and face thoroughly before eating and drinking. Protective clothing, aircraft cockpit and vehicle cabs must be decontaminated regularly. 
Product Specific Precautions 
Read and understand the entire label before opening this product. If you have questions, call the manufacturer at 1-800-868-5444 or obtain technical advice from the distributor or your provincial agricultural representative.

TANK MIXES 
Nufarm MCPA Ester 600 Liquid Herbicide may be recommended in tank mix with other products. Consult the label of the tank mix partner product, and follow the most stringent set of precautions, restrictions and directions for use.

CROPS, TIMING, RATES AND METHODS OF APPLICATION 
Use the dose required to control the weeds present. To minimize the risk of crop injury, do not exceed the recommended rate listed for the crop. Higher rates may be required to control certain weed species. Rates above those recommended for a crop may result in significant crop injury, and should only be used when the risk of crop injury will be offset by the benefits of enhanced weed control. Apply in warm weather when the crop and weeds are growing well, and the weeds are at a susceptible stage. Avoid application during drought conditions or during exceptionally hot weather.

WEEDS CONTROLLED: 
(DO NOT exceed the rates given for each specific crop identified in the CROPS, TIMING, RATES AND METHODS OF APPLICATION section)

SUSCEPTIBLE WEEDS: 
Burdock (before the 4-leaf stage), Cocklebur, Plantain, Flixweed (1), Lamb's-quarters, Mustards (except Dog and Tansy), Prickly lettuce, Ragweeds, Russian pigweed (1), Shepherd’s-purse (1), Stinkweed, Vetch, Wild radish, Wild (annual) sunflower.
(1) Use the higher rate in the rate range.

RATES TO CONTROL SUSCEPTIBLE WEEDS: 
Small seedlings, good growing conditions: 580 mL/ha. Large weeds, dry or cold weather, heavy infestations: 900 mL/ha. Resistance increases with age.

HARDER-TO-CONTROL WEEDS: 
Annual sow-thistle, Biennial wormwood, Blue lettuce (1), Bluebur, Canada thistle (1), Corn spurry (1), Curled dock, Dandelion, Dog mustard, Field bindweed (1), Field Horsetail (1), Field pepper-grass, Goat’s-beard, Gumweed, Hairy galinsoga, Hedge bindweed (1), Hemp-nettle (before the 4-leaf stage), Hoary cress (1), Kochia, Lady’s thumb (1), Leafy spurge (1), Oakleaved goosefoot, Perennial sow-thistle (1), Purslane, Redroot pigweed, Russian knapweed (1), Russian-thistle, Smartweed (1), Sweet clover (seedling), Tansy mustard, Tartary buckwheat.
(1) Top growth control.

RATES FOR HARDER-TO-CONTROL WEEDS: 
Small seedlings, good growing conditions: 1.05 L/ha. Large weeds, dry or cold weather, heavy infestations: 1.50 L/ha. Resistance increases with age.

CropsBBCHRegistred normPreharvest Interval
Alfalfa, Lucerne0 - 01.65 - 1.657
Clover0 - 01.65 - 1.657
Pasture0 - 02.8 - 2.87
Spring barley0 - 01.05 - 1.057
Spring linseed, flax0 - 00.7 - 0.77
Spring oats0 - 00.9 - 0.97
Spring rye0 - 01.05 - 1.057
Spring wheat0 - 01.05 - 1.057
Winter linseed, flax0 - 00.7 - 0.77
Winter rye0 - 01.05 - 1.057
Winter wheat0 - 01.05 - 1.057

Effective