RattlerRegistration date unavailable
NUFARM - Herbicide
04650

This product is a soluble concentrate containing 540 g/l glyphosate (acid equivalent) present as 400.8 g/l (30.8% w/w) of the isopropylamine salt and 299 g/l (23.0% w/w) of the potassium salt of glyphosate.
A foliar applied herbicide for the control of annual and perennial grasses and broadleaved weeds before sowing or planting all crops. For use pre-harvest in cereals and certain other crops, destruction of grassland, and in stubbles, orchards, green cover on land not being used for production, forestry and non-crop areas.

PRODUCT BENEFITS
- Contains Nufarm’s patented Advanced Salt Technology.
- Broad label including the key post sowing pre-em uses.
- Excellent tank-mix compatibility.
- Concentrated 540 g formulation reducing the volume of packaging.

PCS No. 04650
Pack size: 15 litres
Storage: PROTECT FROM FROST

IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Crop/situations:
Winter wheat, winter barley, winter oats, spring wheat, spring barley, spring oats, durum wheat
Oilseed rape and linseed
Mustard Combining pea, field bean
All crops (pre-emergence)
Stubbles of all crops
Grassland destruction
Non crop areas
Apple and pear
Plum and cherry
Set aside
Forest nursery, forest

READ THE LABEL BEFORE USE. USING THIS PRODUCT IN A MANNER THAT IS INCONSISTENT WITH THE LABEL MAY BE AN OFFENCE. FOLLOW THE CODE OF PRACTICE FOR USING PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS.

Additional Safety Phrases
Do not contaminate water with the product or its container. Do not clean application equipment near surface water/Avoid contamination via drains from farmyards and roads

DIRECTIONS FOR USE
IMPORTANT:
This information is approved as part of the Product Label. All instructions within this section must be read carefully in order to obtain safe and successful use of this product.

WARNINGS
EXTREME CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN TO AVOID SPRAY DRIFT AS THIS CAN SEVERELY DAMAGE OR DESTROY NEIGHBOURING CROPS AND PLANTS.
DO NOT MIX, STORE OR APPLY RATTLER IN GALVANISED OR UNLINED STEEL CONTAINERS OR SPRAY TANKS.
DO NOT leave spray mixtures in tank for long periods and make sure tanks are WELL VENTED.

RESTRICTIONS
A period of at least six hours and preferably 24 hours rainfree must follow spraying.
DO NOT spray onto weeds which are naturally senescent, or where growth is impaired by drought, high temperatures, a covering of dust, flooding or frost at, or immediately after application, otherwise poor control may result.
DO NOT spray in windy conditions as drift onto desired crops or vegetation could severely damage or destroy them.
As RATTLER takes a few days to fully translocate throughout a weed, applications of lime, fertiliser, farmyard manure and pesticides should be made five days or more AFTER application of this product.
After application, large concentrations of decaying foliage, stolons, roots or rhizomes should be dispersed or buried by thorough cultivation before crop drilling.

WEEDS CONTROLLED
RATTLER is a foliar acting herbicide which controls annual and perennial grasses and most broadleaved weeds when used as directed. It is translocated from treated vegetative growth to underground roots, rhizomes or stolons.
It is important that all weeds are at the correct growth stage when treated, otherwise some re-growth may occur and this will need re-treatment.
Annual grasses and broadleaved weeds should have at least 5 cm of leaf, or two expanded true leaves, respectively.
PERENNIAL GRASS WEEDS MUST HAVE A FULL EMERGENCE OF HEALTHY, GREEN LEAF WHICH IS GROWING ACTIVELY AT THE TIME OF APPLICATION. COMMON COUCH REACHES THE SUSCEPTIBLE STAGE OF GROWTH WHEN TILLERING AND NEW RHIZOME GROWTH COMMENCE WHICH USUALLY OCCURS WHEN PLANTS HAVE FOUR TO FIVE LEAVES EACH WITH 10–15 CM OF NEW GROWTH.
THE MAJORITY OF PERENNIAL BROADLEAVED WEEDS ARE MOST SUSCEPTIBLE IF TREATED WHEN THEY ARE GROWING ACTIVELY AND AT, OR NEAR, FLOWERING STAGE.
ANNUAL WEEDS SHOULD BE GROWING ACTIVELY, WITH GRASSES HAVING AT LEAST 5 CM OF LEAF AND BROADLEAVED WEEDS AT LEAST TWO EXPANDED TRUE LEAVES WHEN SPRAYED.
IN SET-ASIDE, annual grasses are best treated at full ear emergence, or before stem elongation. Application during stem extension phase of annual grasses e.g. Blackgrass and Brome species on set-aside between the end April and end May may result in poor control and require re-treatment.
BRACKEN should be treated after frond tips are unfurled, but pre-senescence.
This product will not give an acceptable level of control of Horsetails (Equisetum arvense) – repeat treatment will be necessary.
Weeds become less susceptible to RATTLER when their growth is restricted by natural senescence or by drought, frost, high temperature, a covering of dust or flooding. Reduced control will result if such conditions occur at, or immediately after, spraying.

BREAKDOWN AND FOLLOWING CROPS
Upon soil adsorption the herbicidal properties of RATTLER are lost permitting the drilling of crops 48 hours after application.
Occasionally, a slight check to crop growth may occur, particularly after direct drilling, when crop seeds germinate amongst a mass of decaying foliage, stolons, rhizomes or roots. Thorough cultivations are necessary to disperse or bury the decaying organic matter. Consolidate loose soils and ensure crops are adequately fertilized and appropriate measures are taken to prevent insect and fungus damage to the following crop, especially where following grassland.
Planting of trees and shrubs etc. may take place seven days after application. Grass seed may be sown from five days after treatment; see ‘Recommendation Tables’ for specific instructions on direct drilled crops.

Weed resistance strategy
There is low risk for the development of weed resistance to RATTLER.
Growers are encouraged to implement a weed resistance strategy based on (a) Good Agricultural Practices and (b) Good Plant Protection Practices by:
- Following label recommendations
- The adoption of complimentary weed control practices
- Minimising the risk of spreading weed infestations
- The implementation of good spraying practice to maintain effective weed control
- Using the correct nozzles to maximise coverage
- Application only under appropriate weather conditions
- Monitoring performance and reporting any unexpected results to Nufarm UK Limited.
Strains of some annual weeds (e.g. Blackgrass, Wild oats and Italian ryegrass) have developed resistance to herbicides which may lead to poor control. A strategy for preventing and managing such resistance should be adopted. This should include integrating herbicides with a programme of cultural control measures. Guidelines have been produced and copies are available from your distributor, crop adviser or product manufacturer (Nufarm).

Sprayer hygiene
It is essential to thoroughly clean-out spray tanks, pumps and pipelines and nozzle or disc assemblies, with a recommended detergent cleaner, between applying this product and other pesticides to avoid contamination from pesticide residues. Traces of RATTLER left in the equipment may seriously damage or destroy crops sprayed later.

CROP SPECIFIC INFORMATION
Winter wheat, winter barley, winter oats, spring wheat, spring barley, spring oats, durum wheat, combining peas, field beans
Maximum individual dose: 2.67 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 2.7 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: Seven days before harvest

Oilseed rape and linseed
Maximum individual dose: 2.67 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 2.7 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: 14 days before harvest

Mustard
Maximum individual dose: 2.67 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 2.7 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: Eigth days before harvest

All crops (preemergence)
Maximum individual dose: 1.0 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 1.0 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: Pre-emergence Of The Crop

Stubbles of all crops
Maximum individual dose: 2.67 or 1.0 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 2.67 or 1.0 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: Five days before drilling or planting of the crop or Two days before drilling or planting of the following crop

Grassland destruction
Maximum individual dose: 4.0 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 4.0 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: Five days before harvest, grazing or drilling

Non crop area
Maximum individual dose: 4.0 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 4.0 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: -

Apple and pear
Maximum individual dose: 3.33 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 3.33 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: Pre-emergence Of The Crop

Cherry and plum
Maximum individual dose: 3.33 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 3.33 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: After harvest (post leaf fall) but before green cluster stage

Set aside
Maximum individual dose: 2.67 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 2.67 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: Five days before drilling or planting of the following crop

Forest nursery, forest:
Maximum individual dose: 6.67 l/ha
Maximum total dose: 6.67 l/ha
Latest Time Of Application: Five days before drilling or planting of the following crop

Method of application: Tractor mounted/trailed sprayer/knapsack/weedwiper

Other specific restrictions:
- When using with rotary atomiser knapsack sprayers the minimum water volume must be 40 l/ha.
- When applying through rotary atomisers the spray droplet spectrum must be of a minimum Volume Median Diameter (VMD) of 200 microns.
- When using with hydraulic knapsack sprayers the maximum concentration must not exceed 22.5 g glyphosate/litre of water (equivalent to a maximum individual dose of 417 ml RATTLER per 10 litres of water per hectare).
- Weedwipers may be used in any crop where the wiper does not touch the growing crop.
Maximum concentrations used must not exceed the following:
Weedwiper mini 1:3.0 dilution with water
Other wipers 1:1.5 dilution with water
READ THE LABEL BEFORE USE. USING THIS PRODUCT IN A MANNER THAT IS INCONSISTENT WITH THE LABEL MAY BE AN OFFENCE. FOLLOW THE CODE OF PRACTICE FOR USING PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS.

All varieties of wheat (including durum wheat), barley and oats may be treated to gain harvesting and grain storage benefits resulting from the reduction of green material in the crop.

RECOMMENDATION TABLES

PRE-HARVEST ARABLE CROPS

Common couch
Wheat (including durum), barley, oats
Up to 25 shoots/m2 – 1.33 l/ha
26 to 75 shoots/m2 – 2.0 l/ha
Over 75 shoots/m2 in directed drilled crops– 2.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha# Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha*

Oilseed rape and mustards
Up to 75 shoots/m2  – 2.0 l/ha
Over 75 shoots/m2 – 2.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 100 250 l/ha

Peas for combine harvesting and field beans
Up to 75 shoots/m2  – 2.0 l/ha
Over 75 shoots/m2 – 2.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 100 250 l/ha
Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha

Linseed
Up to 75 shoots/m2  – 2.0 l/ha
Over 75 shoots/m2 – 2.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 100 250 l/ha

Perennial broadleaved weeds, other perennial grasses (All levels of all species of infestation)
Wheat (including durum), barley, oats
Dose: 2.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha

Oilseed rape and mustards
Dose: 2.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: only 100–250 l/ha#

Peas for combining harvesting and field beans
Dose: 2.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha*

Linseed
Dose: 2.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha

Annual grasses, cereal stems, cereal leaves (harvest management) (At all levels of all species of infestation)
Wheat (including durum), barley, oats
Dose: 0.67 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha

Annual broadleaved weeds – (harvest management) (At all levels of all species of infestation)
Wheat (including durum), barley, oats
Dose: 1.0 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha

Annual weeds (At all levels of all species of infestation)
Oilseed rape and mustards
Dose: 2.0 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: only 100–250 l/ha

Crop desiccation prior to direct combine harvesting (harvest management) (At all levels of all species of infestation)
Oilseed rape and mustards
Dose: 2.0 l/ha
Water volume: -

Linseed
Dose: 2.0 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha

Application and timing guidance
Cereals
Apply, when the moisture content of the youngest crop grains is below 30%, not less than seven days before harvest. Wheat crops, wheat volunteers and broadleaved weeds may require up to 14 days before harvest
Use high clearance tractors with narrow wheels and crop dividers.
DO NOT TREAT CROPS GROWN FOR SEED.
Straw may be used for all purposes except as a horticultural mulch.
After harvest chop/incorporate, or remove straw as required.
Normal cultivations may be made after straw removal.
Effects on brewing and baking have not been tested. Consult grain merchant or processor before use.

NOTE: If dull weather persists after application, allow up to 14 days before harvest – particularly on broadleaved weeds.
Annual nettle, Volunteer potato, Rosebay willowherb and Polygonum weeds will not be susceptible at harvest management rates.

Oilseed rape and mustards
Apply when crop seeds have less than 30% moisture content.
Apply to standing crops at these intervals before harvest:
oilseed rape 14–21 days
mustards 8–10 days
Use high clearance narrow wheeled tractors using wide booms and crop dividers.
DO NOT TREAT CROPS GROWN FOR SEED.
For effective combining:
DO NOT treat crops with significant levels of secondary regrowth.
DO NOT treat late maturing areas of crops caused by pigeon damage, poor drainage, etc.
Crops suffering from stress, disease, extreme heat or drought may not mature evenly following treatment.
After harvest, chop/incorporate, or remove straw as required.
Normal cultivations may follow after straw removal.

Peas for combine harvesting and field beans
Apply when crop seeds have less than 30% moisture content.
Apply seven days or more before harvest.
This treatment cannot be used as a crop desiccant.
Use high clearance tractors with narrow wheels and crop dividers.
DO NOT TREAT CROPS GROWN FOR SEED.

Linseed
Apply when crop seeds have less than 30% moisture content. At this stage seed is normally light brown and the capsules are brown; the stems and leaves may be green to yellow/green.
Accurate measurements of moisture content must be made.
Apply 14 days or more before harvest.
A delay of up to 28 days after spraying may be necessary prior to combine harvesting.
Where application takes place late in the autumn, it must be checked that weeds are still susceptible. See earlier section on weed control.
DO NOT TREAT CROPS GROWN FOR SEED.

STUBBLES OF ALL CROPS
Crop/situation Before all crops – autumn/spring applications.

Common Couch
Up to 75 shoots/m2 – 2.0 l/ha
Over 75 shoots/m2 – 2.67 l/ha

Other Perennial Grasses
All levels of all Species – 2.67 l/ha

Volunteer Potatoes (autumn only)
2.67 l/ha

Volunteer Cereals, Other Annual Grasses, Annual Broadleaved Weeds
All levels of all species – 1.0 l/ha

Water Volume:
Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha
Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha, Where rotary atomiser sprayers are used, their droplet diameter must fall within the range 200–300 µm

Application and timing guidance
Do not cultivate BEFORE spraying.
Allow a minimum of five days to elapse between spraying and cultivations or drilling.
Allow Volunteer potatoes to make ample top growth before spraying.
A minimum period of 21 days weed growth in the spring should occur before spraying.
Allow seven days before planting trees.
Cultivations may be made 24 hours after spraying.
Direct drilling may take place two days after spraying

ALL CROPS (PRE-EMERGENCE)

Volunteer cereals and annual weeds
Weed Infestation: All Levels of All Species
Dose: 1.0 l/ha
Water Volume: Hydraulic sprayers only 80–250 l/ha
Application and timing guidance
Ensure that spraying precedes ANY crop emergence.

GRASSLAND – DESTRUCTION AND CONTROL OF ASSOCIATED WEEDS
Short rotation ryegrass, longer leys and permanent pasture
Grass
Short rotation ryegrass with annual weeds Short rotation ryegrass with annual weeds – 2.0 l/ha
Leys two–four years old with perennial grass weeds – 2.67 l/ha
Long leys four–seven years old with perennial broadleaved weeds – 3.33 l/ha
Permanent pasture – 4.0 l/ha
Select dose to control least susceptible target weeds by selecting from application rate table ‘Application Rates for Grassland Destruction’ – 4.0 l/ha
Water Volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 150–250 l/ha, Where rotary atomiser sprayers are used, their droplet diameter must fall within the range 200–300 µm

Application and timing guidance
ONLY direct drill grass and clover EITHER into one to two year leys without mat, five+ days after spraying, OR long leys with some mat, in the spring following autumn application.

Treatment timings:
1. Regrowth after grazing or mowing.
2. Before grazing or cutting.
– Apply between June–October.
– Spray crops that are 30–60 cm tall, are not dense and do not contain mature seeds.

Grass utilisation:
1. Grass may be utilised in the normal way from five days after treatment.
2. Cattle, dairy cows and sheep may graze or be fed the treated forage.
POISONOUS PLANT SPECIES MUST BE REMOVED OR BURIED BEFORE REGRAZING OR MOWING.
DO NOT apply lime or fertilizer prior to application.
Normal cultivations for the next crop may be made as usual once fields are cleared of grass crops.

NON CROP AREA (At All Species)
Annual weeds – 1.0 l/ha
Perennial grasses – 2.67 l/ha
Perennial broadleaved weeds Refer to ‘Hand-held Applicators’ Under ‘Mixing and Spraying’ – 4.0 l/ha
Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha or Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha, Where rotary atomiser sprayers are used, their droplet diameter must fall within the range 200–300 µm

Application and timing guidance
Use areas include:
Roadsides, paths, hard surfaces, along fences and walls and total weed control on industrial sites.
DO NOT USE IN OR ALONGSIDE HEDGEROWS.
DO NOT USE UNDER GLASS OR POLYETHYLENE.
Apply this product carefully. Ensure spraying takes place only when weeds are actively growing (normally March to October) and is confined only to visible weeds, areas of potential weed growth (e.g. gaps between paving stones, kerb edges and road gulleys) and/or a 30 cm swath covering the kerb edge and road gulley – do not overspray drains. This does not refer to railway ballast.

AMENITY VEGETATION
Vegetation management
Areas of seminatural or ornamental vegetation including trees. Areas of bare soil around ornamental plants or areas intended for ornamental planting
Annual weeds – 1.0 l/ha
Perennial grasses and broadleaved weeds – 2.67 – 3.33 l/ha
Water Volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha or Rotary atomizers: 40 l/ha, Where rotary atomiser sprayers are used, their droplet diameter must fall within the range 200–300 µm.

Application guidance
Applications using a weed wiper may be used in addition to hydraulic sprayers and rotary atomisers.
DO NOT USE IN OR ALONGSIDE HEDGEROWS.
DO NOT USE UNDER GLASS OR POLYTHENE

ORCHARDS
Perennial grasses and broadleaved weeds (Top fruit – pre-planting):
– in arable stubbles – 2.67 l/ha
– in pastures – 3.33 /ha
Water Volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 200–250 l/ha or Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha, Where rotary atomiser sprayers are used, their droplet diameter must fall within the range 200–300 µm

Perennial grasses and broadleaved weeds (Within orchards of apple, pear, plum or cherry) – 3.33 l/ha
Root Suckers – 3.33 l/ha
Water Volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 200–250 l/ha or Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha

Application timing and guidance
Pre-planting
All top fruit crops may be planted from seven days after spraying.
Within orchards
Trees must have been established for two years before spraying.
Spray AFTER autumn leaf-fall and BEFORE:
Apples, pears – green cluster stage
Stone fruit – white bud stage
Root suckers
Avoid contact with tree branches and trunks above 30 cm from the ground.
Treat suckers in late spring only

SET-ASIDE
BEFORE OR DURING REMOVAL FROM PRODUCTION
Couch, common
– Less than 75 shoot/m2 – 2.0 l/ha
- Over 75 shoots/m2
Perennial broadleaved weeds and other perennial grasses – 2.67 l/ha
Annual weed
 – Autumn/Spring of year 1 only – 1.0 l/ha
– Summer of year 1 and thereafter – 2.0 l/ha

AFTER SHORT ROTATION OR LONG TERM REMOVAL FROM PRODUCTION
Natural regeneration and crop cover destruction
Annual weeds – 2.0
Perennial grasses and Perennial broadleaved weeds: Clover, white Ragwort, common Rush, hard Rush, heath Rush, jointed Yellow rattle – 2.67 l/ha

Application and timing guidance
Weeds should have grown actively for at least 21 days before spring applications.
Avoid application during stem elongation as reduced control and re-spray is likely.
Best control of annual grasses is achieved between full ear emergence and senescence.
Perennial weeds – apply not less than five days before drilling or cultivating.
Annual weeds – apply not less than 24 hours before cultivation.
NOTE:
- Ensure that all management rules are followed prior to use on land taken out of production as part of a grant aided scheme.
- Do not top or cultivate before spraying.
- Do not direct drill after set-aside.

FORESTRY, FOREST NURSERY
Pre-planting
Arable land planting - Arable weeds – 2.67 l/ha
Replanting and grassland areas - Grasslands weeds – 3.33 l/ha
Water Volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 80–250 l/ha or Rotary atomisers: 40 l/ha, Where rotary atomiser sprayers are used, their droplet diameter must fall within the range of 200–300 µm.

Application and timing guidance
All tree species may be planted seven days or more after treatment.

FORESTRY, FOREST NURSERY
Post-planting (directed) in conifers and broadleaved trees
Clean-up around trees with knapsack applications
Grasses: annual/ perennial broadleaved weeds – 2.67 l/ha
Woody weeds: Ash, Bracken, Beech, Brush, Brambles, Hazel, Oak, Sycamore, Willow – 2.0 l/ha
Heather (peat soils) – 2.67 l/ha
Heather (mineral soils) – 4.0 l/ha
Rhododendron[.] – 6.67 l/ha
These recommended application rates refer to Forestry usage only. Inadequate control may result if used in other areas

Application and timing guidance
It is ESSENTIAL to use a TREE GUARD for all applications made in the growing season.
Treat bracken after frond tips are unfurled but pre-senescence.
Treat heather later August to end September. All other woody weeds – treat June–August before leaf senescence (but after new growth of crop has hardened).
[.] For improved control of Rhododendron add Mixture B at a concentration of 2% final water volume to 5.33 l/ha of RATTLER. Application using the weed wiper is not suitable.
Cut back and treat re-growth when at least one metre in height throughout the entire coppice.
Spray to just before point of run-off.

FORESTRY, FOREST NURSERY
Post-planting (overall application in dormant season in certain conifers – conifer release)
Grass weeds
– Lowland areas – 1.0 l/ha
– Upland areas – 1.33 l/ha
Weed Infestation: Black Bent, Other Species of Bent, Cocksfoot, Tufted Hair-grass, Grasse Meadow, False Oat-Grass
Water Volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 200–250 l/ha or Hand-held equipment 40 l/ha

Grass weeds
– Upland areas – 1.33 l/ha
Weed Infestation: Common Couch, Fescues, Wavy Hair-Grass, Purple Moor-Grass, Creeping Soft-Grass, Sweet Vernel, Wood Small-Reed (Bush Grass)

Bracken
All Levels of All Species – 1.33 l/ha

Beech and Birch
All Levels of All Species – 1.33 l/ha

Brambles
All Levels of All Species – 2.0 l/ha

Water volume: Hydraulic sprayers: 200–250 l/ha or Hand-held equipment 40 l/ha
These recommended application rates refer to Forestry usage only. Inadequate control may result if used in other areas.

Application and timing guidance
DO NOT OVERALL SPRAY trees being grown for ORNAMENTAL PURPOSES, including CHRISTMAS TREES.
Species safe to spray when fully dormant and leader growth has hardened:
Corsican, Lodgepole, Norway Spruce, Sitka Spruce, Lawson Cypress, Western Red Cedar and Scots Pines.
Douglas Fir and Nobel Fir – safe to spray when fully dormant and leader growth has hardened but NOT in spring.
If overall application takes place after the optimum timing weed control may be reduced.
It is advisable to spray a limited area of forest to test crop safety under local conditions before widespread overall application in subsequent years.
Treat bracken after frond tips are unfurled but pre-senescence.
CAUTION: The timing of hardening of leader growth varies considerably between locations and between seasons. It may occur as early as the end of July or be delayed to October or later. To avoid damage to Lammas growth, sprays should be directed away from leaders.

APPLICATION RATES FOR GRASSLAND DESTRUCTION
2.0 l/ha
Common Chickweed, Dock Seedlings, Meadow Fescue, Meadow Foxtail, Mayweed Species, Annual Meadow Grass, Rough Meadow Grass, Common Mouse-Ear, Italian Ryegrass, Speedwell Species, Timothy

2.67 l/ha
Black Bent, Common Bent, Creeping Bent, Soft Brome, Cocksfoot, Common Couch, Broadleaved Dock, Curled Dock, Plantains, Perennial Ryegrass, Creeping Soft-Grass, Yorkshire Fog

3.33 l/ha
Bracken**, Creeping Buttercup*, Red Clover, Daisy, Tufted-Hairgrass, Common Nettle, Soft Rush, Sedges, Common Sorrel, Sheep’s Sorrel, Perennial Sowthistle, Creeping Thistle, Dwarf Thistle, Spear Thistle, Yarrow

4.0 l/ha
White Clover*, Red Fescue, Sheep’s Fescue, Molinia (Purple Moor-Grass), Nardus (Matgrass), Common Ragwort, Yellow Rattle, Hard Rush, Heath Rush, Jointed Rush

* White clover is best cut in June and sprayed one month later. Creeping buttercup should be sprayed at flowering stage.
** At full frond expansion.

MIXING AND SPRAYING
Tractor mounted applicators
Conventional hydraulic sprayers
Sprayer and nozzle selection
All machines should be capable of applying accurately 80–250 l/ha, as a MEDIUM or COARSE quality spray (BCPC definition) within a pressure range of 1.5–2.5 bars using 80 or 110 degree nozzles. For application pre-harvest of crops it is essential to use a sprayer whose boom may be raised to the correct height.

Water volume
For general use 200–250 l/ha is the preferred volume range. For specific uses, volumes may be reduced to 80–120 l/ha by selecting low volume hydraulic nozzles, and adjusting pressure of application and tractor forward speed.

Spray pressure
Pressures must be related to tractor forward speed, desired water volume and nozzle type. A range of 1.5–2.5 bars must be used to ensure optimum results with minimum risk of drift.

Tractor forward speed
Speed of travel must be related to nozzle output characteristics. The typical range is from 4–9 kph. The slower speeds should be selected for applications pre-harvest of crops and where soil conditions could cause excessive boom bounce and yaw at faster speeds.

Recommended nozzle type, pressure, volumes and tractor speeds for the application of 80–120 l/ha
80 or 110 degree nozzles able to apply the required volume at pressures between 1.5–2.5 bars at between 4–9 kph are recommended.

Filling the sprayer
Half fill the spray tank with water and start agitation. Add recommended quantity of RATTLER herbicide, top-up tank with water to required level. To avoid foaming do not use top tank agitation. Use of a defoamer may be necessary.

Calibration
Before using a sprayer and, especially, after nozzles have been changed, it is essential to calibrate the sprayer by checking the output of at least one nozzle for each separate boom section of the sprayer.

Operation in the field
Check the following before starting to spray:
- The nozzles are aligned evenly at the correct angle to the direction of travel.
- The boom is level over its width.
- The boom height permits the correct pattern of spray overlap on the target weeds.
Product sold in bulk (1000 litre) containers must only be transferred from the top of the container using the correct dry-break coupling system. The container must only be opened as instructed. The concentrate must be sufficiently agitated and recirculated to ensure homogeneity before use.

Rotary atomisers
Sprayer selection
The following rotary atomiser applicators may be used to apply this product:
Cleanacres Dual-Option Sprayer
CDA Boom and CDA Lightweight
Horstine Farmery Microdrop
Lely Hydraspin Tecnoma Girojet
Stir the correct amount of RATTLER to control the target species into the sprayer bottle filled with clean water. Top up with water, close the top and shake gently to ensure good mixing. Do not tank-mix.

Droplet size and water volume
Set the spray droplet Volume Median Diameter to within the range 200–300µm for each machine – this corresponds to a MEDIUM or COARSE quality spray (BCPC definition) and the volume of application to 40 l/ha.

Operation in the field
Apply at 4–9 kph having calibrated the sprayer accurately. Ensure that sprayer bouts are matched by using markers.

Hand-held applicators
Overall, non-selective applications – spot or directed application
Knapsack applicator

These may be used in orchards and non-crop areas. Normal water volume is 200–300 l/ha but by fitting low volume nozzles it can be reduced to 100–150 l/ha. All applications to be as a MEDIUM or COARSE quality spray (BCPC definition).

Example of use
When used at a walking speed of one metre/second to apply a swath of one metre width, most knapsack sprayers fitted with a Lurmark AN 2.0 or similar nozzle deliver approximately 200 l/ha spray volume (or 10 l per 500 m2 ). To apply 2.67 l/ha of RATTLER, therefore, use 26 ml of product for each two litres of spray liquid required. Similarly, knapsack sprayers fitted with low volume nozzles such as Lurmark AN 1.0 typically deliver approximately 100 l/ha spray volume. To apply 2.67 l/ha RATTLER in this case, use 52 ml of product for each two litres of spray liquid required.
Examples for a 10 litre sprayer delivering 200 litres of spray per hectare:
Area Treated: 500 m2
Sprayer Size: 10 litres
Equivalent Application Rate: 2.00 l/ha Voume: 0.100 l Water Volume: 9.90 l
Equivalent Application Rate:
2.67 l/ha Voume: 0.130 l Water Volume: 9.87 l
Equivalent Application Rate:
3.33 l/ha Voume: 0.170 l Water Volume: 9.83 l

Hand-held wipers
Weedwiper Mini

This technique may be used in top fruit orchards and in non-crop areas only. Use a concentration of one part of RATTLER herbicide plus three parts water and add a water-based dye if required.

Tractor-mounted wipers
Treatment of sugar beet bolters, weed beet and other weeds

For use in arable crops and grassland areas. Ensure there is at least 5 cm between the top of the tallest desired vegetation and the impregnated wiper. Weeds should be a minimum of 10 cm taller than the desired vegetation for safe application. Two passes in opposite directions will be needed where weeds are dense and successive applications will be required to control weeds that were below the original wiping level. Treat before weed seeds have matured to reduce to a minimum seed return to the soil, Bolting beet should be treated by a series of three applications during early July to early August with two weeks between treatments.
WEEDS MUST BE GROWING ACTIVELY TO BE SUSCEPTIBLE.
DO NOT USE WIPER TECHNIQUES IN SOFT FRUIT CROPS.

Recommended machines
Hectaspan Weedwipe
Keenan Weed Licker
Matrot Mobilcord
Tecnoma Top Weeder
Telford Homburg Chemical Applicator
Vicon Wedge-Wik
For advice on appropriate weed wiper applicators, consult Nufarm.

For best results with all wiper applicators
– Operate at speeds below 5 kph.
– Treat when weeds reach 10 cm above the desired vegetation.
– Keep wiping surfaces wet but prevent dripping.
– Clean ropes several times a day to maintain optimum flow rate.

CAUTION
Keep stock out of treated areas for seven days to allow the herbicide to become fully effective. TREATED POISONOUS PLANT SPECIES MUST BE REMOVED BEFORE REGRAZING OR CONSERVING.

COMPATIBILITY
Please contact your Nufarm distributor for a full list of compatible mixtures.
Do not tank-mix this product with other pesticides or fertilisers, EXCEPT when directed by Nufarm, as a reduced level of weed control may result.

COMPANY ADVISORY INFORMATION
This section is not part of the Product Label under the Control of Pesticides Regulations 1986 (or Plant Protection Products Regulations 1995) and provides additional advice on the product.

General
RATTLER herbicide is an advanced formulation containing the isopropylamine and potassium salts of glyphosate. RATTLER is taken up by foliage and translocated to underground roots, rhizomes and stolons, providing control of both annual and perennial grasses and broadleaved weeds. RATTLER is rapidly adsorbed onto particulate matter in soils and water and is quickly degraded by the micro-organisms present in soil and aquatic bottom sediments. Until degraded, the active ingredient in RATTLER, glyphosate, is practically immobile in soils and is, therefore, unlikely to contaminate groundwater.
To maximise the safety of RATTLER to the operator, consumer and environment, the label recommendations and the DEFRA/HSE/DETR publication ‘Code of Practice for the Safe Use of Pesticides on Farms and Holdings’ (Green Code) should be adhered to.

Symptoms on the weeds
Symptoms of treatment are generally first seen 7–10 days, or longer (if growth is slow), after spraying. These take the form of leaf reddening followed by yellowing and are usually quicker to appear on grasses than on broadleaved weeds. Reaction of nettles is slow.

Sprayer maintenance
Ensure that the sprayer is in good working order by paying particular attention to the condition of the pump, hoses, nozzles or disc assemblies and pressure gauge. Replace damaged, worn or malfunctioning parts. If extra filtration or pressure damp valves have been fitted for low volume work at 80–120 l/ha make certain this equipment is clean and functioning correctly. Carry out maintenance according to the instructions of the sprayer manufacturer. This is of utmost importance when using low volume nozzles.

Hygiene when using all sprayers
It is essential to thoroughly clean-out sprayer tanks, pumps and pipelines and nozzle or disc assemblies, with a recommended detergent cleaner, between applying this product and other pesticides to avoid contamination from pesticide residues. For example, after spraying this product pre-harvest in cereals the equipment MUST be cleaned completely before it is used to apply a potato blight fungicide, particularly in seed crops.

CropsBBCHRegistred normPreharvest Interval
Glyphosate0 - 02.67 - 4-

Effective