Canada

Glyphogan Plus

registration_expired
ADAMA - herbicide
29219

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Water soluble herbicide for non-selective weed control in CROPLAND SYSTEMS AND IN NON-CROPLAND AREAS.

CROPLAND USES INCLUDE:
In cropping systems before planting of all crops; in minimum tillage systems; post emergent in glyphosate tolerant corn, soybean and canola i.e. varieties with the Roundup Ready™ gene; preharvest applications in wheat, barley, oats, canola (rapeseed), flax (including low linolenic acid varieties), peas, lentils, dry beans, soybeans and forages; in pasture renovation; in forage, legume and grass establishments; in tree crops including apple, pear, cherry, plum, peach, apricot, filbert, hazelnut, walnut, chestnut, Japanese Heartnut; in grapes, cranberries, blueberries and strawberry; in sugar beets; in asparagus; in North American ginseng; in tree plantings; and grasses for seed production.

GENERAL INFORMATION
Do not apply this product using aerial spray equipment except under conditions as specified within this label.

Observe buffer zones specified in Section 5.3
For tank mixtures, always follow the most restrictive label when applying.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide, a water soluble liquid, mixes readily with water for application as a foliage spray for the control or destruction of most herbaceous plants. It may be applied through most standard industrial or field type sprayers after dilution and thorough mixing with water in accordance with the booklet instructions.

This herbicide moves through the plant from the point of foliage contact to and into the root system.
Visible effects on most annual weeds occur within 2 to 4 days but on most perennial weeds may not occur until 7 to 10 days. Extremely cool or cloudy weather at treatment time may slow down activity of this product and delay visual effects of control. Visible effects are a gradual wilting and yellowing of the plant which advances to complete browning of above ground growth and deterioration of underground plant parts.

Delay application until vegetation has emerged to the stages described for control of such vegetation under the annual and perennial weed control sections (7.0 and 8.0) of this booklet to provide adequate leaf surface to receive the spray. Unemerged plants arising from underground rhizomes or root stocks of perennials will not be affected by the spray and will continue to grow. For this reason best control of most perennial weeds is obtained when treatment is made at late growth stages approaching maturity.

Always use the higher rate of this product per hectare within the recommended range when weed growth is heavy or dense, or weeds are growing in an undisturbed (non-cultivated) area.

Do not treat weeds under poor growing conditions such as drought stress, disease or insect damage, as reduced weed control may result. Reduced results may also occur when treating weeds heavily covered with dust.

This product does not provide residual weed control. For subsequent residual weed control follow a label approved herbicide program. Read and carefully observe the cautionary statements and all other information appearing on the labels of all herbicides used. Heavy rainfall immediately after application may wash the chemical off the foliage and a repeat treatment may be required. Do not apply if rainfall is forecast for the time of application.

Do not mix with any surfactant, pesticide, herbicide oils or any other material other than water unless specified in this booklet. For best results, spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Do not spray weed foliage to the point of runoff.

RESISTANCE-MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
For resistance management, Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide is a Group 9 herbicide. Any weed population may contain or develop plants naturally resistant to Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide and other Group 9 herbicides. The resistant biotypes may dominate the weed population if these herbicides are used repeatedly in the same field. Other resistance mechanisms that are not linked to site of action, but specific for individual chemicals, such as enhanced metabolism, may also exist. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay herbicide resistance:
Where possible, rotate the use of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide or other Group 9 herbicides with different herbicide groups that control the same weeds in a field.
Use tank mixtures with herbicides from a different group when such use is permitted.
Herbicide use should be based on an IPM program that includes scouting, historical information related to herbicide use and crop rotation, and considers tillage (or other mechanical), cultural, biological and other chemical control practices.
Monitor treated weed populations for resistance development.
Prevent movement of resistant weed seeds to other fields by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment and planting clean seed.
Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisors for any additional pesticides resistance-management and/or integrated weed-management recommendations for specific crops and weed biotypes.
For further information or to report suspected resistance, contact MANA at 1-919-256-9300

5.0 MIXING AND APPLICATION

5.1 PRECAUTIONS

ATTENTION: AVOID CONTACT WITH FOLIAGE, GREEN STEMS, OR FRUIT OF CROPS, DESIRABLE PLANTS AND TREES SINCE SEVERE INJURY OR DESTRUCTION MAY RESULT.
APPLY THESE SPRAY SOLUTIONS IN PROPERLY MAINTAINED AND CALIBRATED EQUIPMENT CAPABLE OF DELIVERING DESIRED VOLUMES.

AVOID DRIFT - EXTREME CARE MUST BE USED WHEN APPLYING THIS PRODUCT TO PREVENT INJURING DESIRABLE PLANTS AND CROPS. Do not allow spray mist to drift since even minute quantities of spray can cause severe damage or destruction to nearby crops, plants or other areas on which treatment is not intended, or may cause other unintended consequences. Do not apply when winds are gusty or in excess of 8 kilometers per hour or when other conditions, including lesser wind velocities, will allow drift to occur. When spraying, avoid combinations of pressure and nozzle type that will result in fine particles (mist) which are more likely to drift.

DO NOT USE IN GREENHOUSES. REDUCED RESULTS MAY OCCUR IF WATER CONTAINING SOIL IS USED, SUCH AS WATER FROM PONDS AND UNLINED DITCHES.

Clean sprayer and parts immediately after using this product by thoroughly flushing with water. Do not contaminate water sources by disposal of wastes or cleaning of equipment.

NOTE: 
Use of this product in any manner not consistent with this booklet may result in injury to persons, animals or crops, or other unintended consequences. Keep container closed to prevent spills and contamination.

5.2 MIXING AND APPLICATION EQUIPMENT INFORMATION

MIXING

For ground or industrial type sprayers, fill the spray tank with one-half the required amount of water.
Add the proper amount of herbicide see "Weed Control" sections of this booklet (7, 8) and mix well before adding the remaining portion of water. Placing the filling hose below the surface of the liquid solution will prevent excessive foaming. Removing hose from tank immediately will avoid back siphoning into water source. Use of mechanical agitators may cause excessive foaming.
Bypass lines should terminate at the bottom of the tank. For use in knapsack sprayers, it is suggested that the proper amount of this herbicide be mixed with water in a larger container. Fill sprayer with the mixed solution.

APPLICATION EQUIPMENT


BOOM EQUIPMENT

For control of perennial weeds and woody brush and trees listed on this booklet using conventional boom equipment-- Apply this product in 50 to 300 litres of clean water per hectare as a broadcast spray using no more than 275 kPa pressure. See "Weed Control" sections of this booklet (7,8) for rates to control specific weeds.
For control of annual weeds listed on this booklet using conventional boom equipment--Apply this product in 50 to 100 litres of clean water per hectare as a broadcast spray, except as otherwise stated on this label using no more than 275 kPa pressure. See "Weed Control" sections of this booklet (7,8) for rates to control specific weeds.

HAND HELD AND HIGH VOLUME EQUIPMENT
(use coarse sprays only)

For control of weeds and woody brush and trees listed in the "Weed Controlled" section “6.0” of this label using knapsack sprayers or high volume spraying equipment utilizing handguns or other suitable nozzle arrangements--Unless otherwise specified, make a 1percent solution of this product in water (1 litre of this product in 100 litres of water) and apply to foliage of vegetation to be controlled. For best results, use a 2 percent solution (2 litres of this product in 100 litres of water) on harder to control perennials such as field bindweed, hemp dog-bane, milkweed and Canada thistle.
Applications should be made on a spray-to-wet basis. Spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Do not spray to point of runoff. Hand gun applications should be properly directed to avoid spraying desirable plants.

SELECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Selective equipment such as WIPER and ROLLER applicators can be used for weed control in soy and dry beans, orchards, vineyards, cranberries, strawberries and non-crop areas. For information regarding use of this product with selective equipment, refer to "Selective Equipment" section of this label (9.12).

AERIAL EQUIPMENT

Aerial application can only be used for weed control in preharvest situations or industrial rights-ofway.
Refer to sections 5.3, 9.9.2 and 10.2.2 for application information.

Directions for use

Apply only by fixed-wing or rotary aircraft equipment which has been functionally and operationally calibrated for the atmospheric conditions of the area and the application rates and conditions of this label. Ensure that the maximum boom width does not exceed 65% of the wing span. Nozzle type, size and orientation must be configured to deliver a droplet size VMD in the coarse (400-600 microns) or very coarse (600-1000) range.
Label rates, conditions and precautions are product specific. Read and understand the entire label before opening this product. Apply only at the rate recommended for aerial application on this label. Where no rate for aerial application appears for the specific use, this product cannot be applied by any type of aerial equipment.
Ensure uniform application. To avoid streaked, uneven or overlapped application, use appropriate marking devices, or equivalent electronic positioning systems (GPS). The use of a spotter plane is recommended.
Thoroughly wash aircraft, especially landing gear, after each day of spraying to remove residues of this product accumulated during spraying or from spills. PROLONGED EXPOSURE OF THIS PRODUCT TO UNCOATED STEEL SURFACES MAY RESULT IN CORROSION AND POSSIBLE FAILURE OF THE PART. LANDING GEAR ARE MOST SUSCEPTIBLE. The maintenance of an organic coating (paint) which meets aerospace specification MIL-C-38412 may prevent corrosion.

Use Precautions

Apply only when meteorological conditions at the treatment site allow for complete and even target crop coverage. Apply only under conditions of good practice specific to aerial application as outlined in the National Aerial Pesticide Application Manual, developed by the Federal/Provincial/Territorial Committee on Pest Management and Pesticides.
Do not apply to any body of water. Avoid drifting of spray onto any body of water or other nontarget areas. Specified buffer zones should be observed. Do not angle nozzles forward into the airstream and do not increase spray volume by increasing nozzle pressure.
Operator Precautions
Do not allow the pilot to mix chemicals to be loaded onto the aircraft. Loading of premixed chemicals with a closed system is permitted. It is desirable that the pilot have communication capabilities at each treatment site at the time of application.
The field crew and the mixer/loaders must wear chemical resistant gloves, coveralls and goggles or face shield during mixing/loading, cleanup and repair. Follow the more stringent label precautions in cases where the operator precautions exceed generic label recommendations on the existing ground boom label. All personnel on the job site must wash hands and face thoroughly before eating and drinking. Protective clothing, aircraft cockpit and vehicle cabs must be decontaminated regularly.
Product Specific Precautions
Read and understand the entire label before opening this product. If you have questions, call Adama Agricultural Solutions Canada at 855-264-6262 or obtain technical advice from the distributor or your provincial agricultural representative.
Application of this product must meet and/or conform to the following:
Volume: Apply the recommended rate in a minimum spray volume 30-100 litres per hectare.

5.3 BUFFER ZONES

i) DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm or when winds are gusty. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than ASAE medium classification.
ii) Aerial Application: DO NOT apply when wind speed is greater than 16 km/h (preharvest) or 8 km/h (rights-of-way) at flying height at the site of application. DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the ASAE coarse classification.
iii) Buffer Zones

The buffer zones specified in the table below are required between the point of direct application and the closest downwind edge of sensitive terrestrial habitats (such as grasslands, forested areas, shelter belts, woodlots, hedgerows, pastures, rangelands and shrublands), and sensitive aquatic habitats (such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, coulees, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs, and wetlands).

Method of application: Field sprayer*
Buffer Zones (metres) Required for the Protection of:
Aquatic Habitat: 15
Terrestrial habitat: 15

Method of application: Aerial (preharvest only)
Buffer Zones (metres) Required for the Protection of:
Aquatic Habitat: 25
Terrestrial habitat: 55

Method of application: Aerial** (rights-of-way only)

Aircraft: Fixed wing
Buffer Zones (metres) Required for the Protection of:
Aquatic Habitat:
One Application Per Season: 50
Two Applications Per Season (i.e. buffer zone below is for 2nd application): 85
Terrestrial habitat: -

Aircraft: Helicopter
Buffer Zones (metres) Required for the Protection of:
Aquatic Habitat: 
One Application Per Season: 20
Two Applications Per Season (i.e. buffer zone below is for 2nd application): 35
Terrestrial habitat: -

*For field sprayers, buffer zones can be reduced by 70% when using shrouds or 30% when using cones.
When a tank mixture is used, consult the labels of the tank-mix partners and observe the largest (most restrictive) buffer zone of the products involved in the tank mixtures.
**Coarse ASAE (VMD=385.2 μm); Release height from aircraft <= 10 m.

6.0 WEEDS CONTROLLED
This product controls many annual and perennial grasses, broadleaf weeds, and woody brush and trees when applied as recommended and under conditions described. For information on how to control specific weeds including herbicide rate refer to the "Annual Weed Control" and "Perennial Weed Control" sections of this label (7.1, 8.1, respectively). The following is a partial list of weeds controlled:

Annual Grasses
Barnyard Grass, Blue Grass (annual) , Crab Grass (large), Crab Grass (smooth), Downy Brome Grass, Fall Panicum
Giant Foxtail, Green Foxtail, Persian Darnel, Volunteer Barley, Volunteer Corn, Volunteer Wheat, Wild Oats, Wild Proso Millet, Yellow Foxtail

Annual Broadleaf Weeds
Chickweed, Cleavers, Cocklebur, Corn Spurry, Cow Cockle, Eastern Black Nightshade, Fleabane (Canada), Flixweed, Green Smartweed, Hempnettle, Kochia, Lady's-Thumb, Lamb's-Quarters (common), Narrow-leaved Hawk's Beard, Narrow-leaved Vetch, Night-flowering Catchfly, Pennsylvania Smartweed, Prickly Lettuce, Ragweed (common), Redroot Pigweed, Round-leaved Mallow, Russian Thistle, Shepherd's Purse, Smooth Pigweed, Sowthistle (annual), Stinkweed, Storksbill, Velvetleaf, Volunteer Canola (rapeseed), Volunteer Flax, Wild Buckwheat, Wild Mustard, Wild Tomato

Perennial Grasses / Sedges
Blue Grass (Canada), Blue Grass (Kentucky), Brome Grass (smooth), Cattail (common), Foxtail Barley, Quackgrass, Wire-Stemmed Muhly, Yellow Nutsedge

Perennial Broadleaved Weeds
Alfalfa, Cottontop, Curled Dock, Dandelion, Field Bindweed, Hemp Dogbane, Hoary Cress, Knotweed (Japanese), Milkweed (common), Poison Ivy, Purple Loosestrife, Sow Thistle (perennial), Thistle (Canada), Toad Flax, Wormwood (Absinth)

Woody Brush and Trees
Alder, Birch, Broadleaved meadowsweet, Rhododendron (Canadian), Cedar, Cherry, Douglas Fir, Hemlock, Maple, Mountain-fly honeysuckle, Pine, Poplar, Raspberry / Salmonberry, Sheep laurel, Snowberry (Western), Sweet fern, Willow, Withrod


CROPLAND USES

ALWAYS READ PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS, GENERAL INFORMATION AND MIXING AND APPLICATION PRECAUTIONS (sections 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0) PRIOR TO SPECIFIC APPLICATION INFORMATION IN ANY LABEL SECTION.

DO NOT APPLY BY AIR

RATE (L/ha): 0.75
GROWTH STAGE: weeds up to 8 cm in height
WEEDS CONTROLLED: wild oats, green foxtail, volunteer barley, volunteer wheat, non-glyphosate tolerant volunteer canola (rapeseed), wild mustard, lady's-thumb, stinkweed
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): For wild oats apply at 1 - 3 leaf stage. Add 350 mL of a surfactant registered for use such as Agral®90, Ag Surf®, or Companion™. For heavy wild oat infestations use 1.0 L/ha rate.

RATE (L/ha): 1.0
GROWTH STAGE: weeds 8 cm to 15 cm in height
WEEDS CONTROLLED: all annual grasses listed above, all annual broad leaved weeds listed above plus flixweed* and kochia*
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water):  Add 350 mL of surfactant registered for use as listed above.
*Suppression only. Refer to higher rates of this table or tank mix table (section 7.2) for control options.

RATE (L/ha): 1.25-1.9
GROWTH STAGE: weeds up to 15 cm in height
WEEDS CONTROLLED: all annual grasses listed above plus downy brome, giant foxtail, and persian darnel,all annual broadleaved weeds listed above plus cleavers, lamb's quarters, redroot pigweed, hempnettle, flixweed, russian thistle, volunteer flax, common ragweed*, canada fleabane*, wild buckwheat**, narrowleaved hawk's beard***
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): No surfactant required. For tankmix weed control options see section 7.2
*DO NOT use these rates on plants greater than 8 cm in height
** for 3 - 4 leaf stage use 1.9 L/ha rate
***For weeds 8 cm to 15 cm in height use 1.9 L/ha rate

RATE (L/ha): 2.25
GROWTH STAGE: weeds up to 15 cm in height
WEEDS CONTROLLED: all annual grasses listed above plus crab grass and annual blue grass, all annual broadleaved weeds listed above plus kochia, prickly lettuce, shepherd's purse,annual sow thistle, and narrow-leaved vetch
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): For additional annual broadleaved weed control options, refer to tank mix table (section 7.2).

RATE (L/ha): 3.5
GROWTH STAGE: weeds over 15 cm in height
WEEDS CONTROLLED: all annual grasses and broadleaved weeds listed above
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): For additional annual broadleaved weed control options, refer to tank mix table (section 7.2).

Agral® is a registered trademark of Syngenta Crop Protection Canada Inc.
Ag Surf® is a registered trademark of Interprovincial Co-operatives Ltd.
Companion© is a trademark of Dow AgroSciences LLC.

NOTE: For spot treatment, 0.75 - 3.5 L/ha is approximately equivalent to 8 - 35 mL/100 m2, respectively.

7.2 ANNUAL WEED CONTROL WITH GLYPHOGAN PLUS LIQUID HERBICIDE TANK MIXTURES

FOR SUMMERFALLOW & MINIMUM TILLAGE SYSTEMS

TANK MIXTURES: Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide + Banvel® Herbicide
RATE (L/ha): 0.75-1.0 + 0.29
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Volunteer cereals, wild oats, green foxtail
Non-glyphosate tolerant volunteer canola (rapeseed), wild mustard, flixweed*, lamb’squarters, lady’s-thumb, stinkweed, kochia, Russian thistle, cow cockle, redroot pigweed**, wild buckwheat**
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): This tank mix is registered for summerfallow use only. Weeds should be less than 15 cm tall and actively growing for best results.
Use higher rate if weeds are beyond 8 cm in height.
* Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide applied at 1.0 L/ha rate only.
** Suppression only. See other tank mixtures for control options.
Add 350 mL/ha of surfactant – see list in section 7.3.

TANK MIXTURES: Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide + 2,4-D(A)
RATE (L/ha): 1.25-1.9 + 0.6-0.9(4) OR 1.2-1.5(5) 
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Volunteer cereals, wild oats, green foxtail, downy brome, giant foxtail, and Persian darnel.
Volunteer canola, (rapeseed) (non-Roundup Ready), wild mustard, flixweed, redroot pigweed, lady’s-thumb, stinkweed, kochia, lamb’s-quarters, hempnettle, Russian thistle, volunteer flax, common ragweed*, Canada fleabane, wild buckwheat**, narrowleaved hawk’s beard*** Volunteer Roundup Ready canola (1-4 leaf stage)4, bluebur4, burdock4, cocklebur4, common plantain4, daisy fleabane4, false flax4, false ragweed4, goat’s beard4, mustards4 (except dog and tansy), prickly lettuce4, ragweeds4, Russian pigweed4, shepherd’s purse4, stinging nettle4, sweet clover4, thyme- leaved spurge4, wild radish4, wild sunflower4, Volunteer Roundup Ready canola (4-6 leaf stage)5, annual sow thistle5, common chickweed5, common purslane5, dog and tansy mustard5, oakleaved goosefoot5, common groundsel5, hairy galinsoga5, hawkweed5, heal-all5, knotweed5, peppergrass5, pineapple weed5, prostrate pigweed5, purslane5, sheep sorrel5, green smartweed5, tumble pigweed5, velvetleaf5, volunteer canola (rapeseed)5
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): Weeds should be less than 15 cm tall and actively growing for best results. Use higher rate if weeds are beyond 8 cm in height.
* DO NOT use these rates on plants greater than 8 cm in height.
** For 3-4 leaf stage use 1.9 L/ha rate.
*** For weeds 8 cm to 15 cm in height use 1.9 L/ha rate.
4 2,4-D at 0.6 – 0.9 L/ha (280 – 420 g ai/ha).
5 2,4-D at 1.2 – 1.5 L/ha (560 – 700 g ai/ha).
Use this tank mix prior to seeding or after seeding but before crop emergence in wheat, winter wheat, barley and rye.
No surfactant required.

TANK MIXTURES: Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide + 2,4-D(B)
RATE (L/ha): 0.75-1.0 + 1.2
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Volunteer cereals, wild oats* and green foxtail*, Volunteer canola (rapeseed), wild mustard, flixweed, redroot pigweed, lady’s-thumb, stinkweed, kochia, Lamb’s-quarters**, Russian thistle**
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): This tank mix is registered for summerfallow use only. Weeds should be less than 15 cm tall and actively growing for best results.
Use higher rate if weeds are beyond 8 cm in height.
* Use Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide at 1.0 L/ha rate only for wild oat and green foxtail control.
** Suppression only. See other tank mixtures for control options.
Add 350 mL/ha of surfactant – see list in section 7.3.

TANK MIXTURES: Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide + MCPA(C) 500 g/L formulation, if another formulation is used, adjust rate accordingly
RATE (L/ha):
 1.25-1.9 + 0.5-0.7(1) OR 0.5-1.0(2)
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Volunteer cereals, wild oats, green foxtail, downy brome, giant foxtail, and Persian darnel.
Volunteer canola (rapeseed) (non-Roundup Ready), wild mustard, flixweed, redroot pigweed, lady’s thumb, stinkweed, kochia, lamb’s quarters, hempnettle, Russian thistle, volunteer flax, common ragweed*, Canada fleabane, wild buckwheat**, narrowleaved hawk’s beard***
Volunteer Roundup Ready canola (1-4 leaf stage)1,2, bluebur3, burdock3 (before 4 leaf stage), false flax3, flixweed3, lamb’s quarters3, mustards3 (except dog and tansy), prickly lettuce3, ragweeds3, redroot pigweed3, Russian pigweed3, shepherd’s purse3, stinkweed (field pennycress)3, vetch3, wild radish3, wild sunflower
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): Weeds should be less than 15 cm tall and actively growing for best results.
Use higher rate if weeds are beyond 8 cm in height. * DO NOT use these rates on plants greater than 8 cm in height.
** For 3-4 leaf stage use 1.9 L/ha rate.
*** For weeds 8 cm to 15 cm in height use 1.9 L/ha rate.
1 MCPA amine at 0.5 – 0.7 L/ha (250-350 g ai/ha) prior to peas.
2 MCPA at 0.5 – 1.0 L/ha (250- 500 g ai/ha) prior to wheat, barley, oats, corn (field and sweet) MCPAC rye and flax.
3 MCPA at 0.7 – 1.0 L/ha (350 – 500 g ai/ha) only.
Use this tank mix prior to seeding in wheat, barley, rye, oats, corn (field and sweet) MCPAC flax, and field peas MCPAC
No surfactant required.

TANK MIXTURES: Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide + Buctril M Herbicide
RATE (L/ha):
 1.25-1.9 + 0.5-1.0(1)
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Volunteer cereals, wild oats, green foxtail, downy brome, giant foxtail and Persian darnel.
Volunteer canola (rapeseed) (non-Roundup Ready), wild mustard, flixweed, redroot pigweed, lady’s-thumb, stinkweed, kochia, lamb’s-quarters, hempnettle, Russian thistle, volunteer flax, common ragweed*, Canada fleabane, wild buckwheat**, narrowleaved hawk’s beard*** Volunteer Roundup Ready Canola (1-4 leaf stage)1,2 Seedlings up to the 4-leaf stage2: green smartweed, pale smartweed, lady’sthumb, cow cockle, redroot pigweed, flixweed, bluebur, shepherd’s purse, kochia3, Russian thistle3, scentless chamomile4, volunteer sunflower, night flowering catchfly, cocklebur, velvetleaf5, ball mustard, American nightshade Seedlings up to the 6-leaf stage2: wild tomato Seedlings up to the 8-leaf stage2: wild buckwheat, tartary buckwheat, common buckwheat, stinkweed, wild mustard, wormseed mustard, lamb’s-quarters, common ragweed, common groundsel Perennials (top growth)2: Canada thistle, perennial sow thistle
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): Weeds should be less than 15 cm tall and actively growing for best results.
Use higher rate if weeds are beyond 8 cm in height.
*DO NOT use these rates on plants greater than 8 cm in height.
** For 3-4 leaf stage use 1.9 L/ha rate.
*** For weeds 8 cm to 15 cm in height use 1.9 L/ha rate.
1 Buctril M at 0.5 – 1.0 L/ha (280- 560 g ai/ha) for all crops listed.
2 Buctril M at 1.0 L/ha (560 g ai/ha only).
3 Spray before plants are 5 cm high.
4 Spring annuals only.
5 Spray before plants are 8 cm high.
Use this tank mix prior to seeding in wheat, barley, rye, oats, corn, flax, canary seed and seedling grasses (including brome grass, crested wheatgrass, intermediate wheat grass, slender wheatgrass, tall wheatgrass, Russian wild rye, timothy, orchard grass, creeping red fescue, meadow fescue, meadow foxtail, seedling tall fescue, seedling meadow bromegrass, seedling streambank wheatgrass and reed canary grass). No surfactant required.

TANK MIXTURES: Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide +MCPA amine (500 g/L formulation; if another formulation is used, adjust rate accordingly)
RATE (L/ha):
 1.25-1.9 + 0.5-0.7
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Volunteer cereals, wild oats, green foxtail, downy brome, giant foxtail, and Persian darnel.
Volunteer canola (rapeseed) (non-Roundup Ready), wild mustard, flixweed, redroot pigweed, lady’s-thumb, stinkweed, kochia, lamb’s-quarters, hempnettle, Russian thistle, volunteer flax, common ragweed*, Canada fleabane, wild buckwheat**, narrowleaved hawk’s beard***
Volunteer Roundup Ready canola (1-4 leaf stage)3, bluebur4, burdock4 (before 4 leaf stage), false flax4, flixweed4, lamb’squarters4, mustards4 (except dog and tansy), prickly lettuce4, ragweeds4, redroot pigweed4, Russian pigweed4, shepherd’s purse4, stinkweed4 (field  pennycress), vetch4, wild radish4, wild sunflower4
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
Weeds should be less than 15 cm tall and actively growing for best results.
Use higher rate if weeds are beyond 8 cm in height.
* DO NOT use these rates on plants greater than 8 cm in height.
** For 3-4 leaf stage use 1.9 L/ha rate.
*** For weeds 8 cm to 15 cm in height use 1.9 L/ha rate.
(3) MCPA amine at 0.5 – 0.7 L/ha (250 – 350 g ai/ha) prior to lentils and chickpeas.
(4) MCPA amine at 0.7 L/ha (350 g ai/ha) only.
Use this tank mix prior to seeding in lentil and chickpea.
Under drought conditions, deep seeding and/or brief rain showers after seeding may cause injury to emerging seedlings in sprayer overlaps.
No surfactant required.

TANK MIXTURES: Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide + Express Toss-N-Go Herbicide Or Express Toss-N-Go Dry Flowable 75% Herbicide
RATE (L/ha): 1.26 – 1.93 + 10 g/ha (7.5 g ai/ha)
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Volunteer cereals, Canada thistle (suppression), cow cockle, wild buckwheat, Canada fleabane common ragweed narrow-leaved hawk's beard, dandelion, downy brome, flixweed, giant foxtail, green foxtail, hempnettle, kochia, lady's thumb, lamb's quarters, persian darnel, redroot pigweed, Russian thistle, stinkweed, volunteer canola, volunteer flax, wild mustard, wild oats
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
Use this tank mix in summerfallow or prior to seeding wheat and barley.
Refer to Express Toss-N-Go label for the appropriate weed growth stage.
Add 350 mL/ha of surfactant – see list in section 7.3.

♦ For foxtail barley, refer to “Perennial Weed Control” table (section 8.1).
B 0.56 kg ai/ha of 2,4-D. B, A Adjust rates accordingly for other 2,4-D formulations. Use only low volatile ester or amine formulations of 2,4-D.
C Use only amine formulations of MCPA prior to seeding in corn and field peas.

Banvel II is a registered trademark of BASF Corporation.
Pardner and Buctril® are registered trademarks of Bayer.
Express is a registered trademark of E.I.duPont Canada Company.
Toss-N-Go is a registered trademark of DuPont Canada Inc.

7.3 SURFACTANT INFORMATION

NOTE:
Addition of Surfactant - All Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide tank mixtures for annual weed control require the addition of a surfactant registered for use such as Agral 90, Ag Surf, or Companion.
Surfactant should be added at a rate of 350 mL per hectare, in 50-100 L of clean water.

7.4 ADDITIONAL IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR ANNUAL WEED CONTROL

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide, applied by itself, will not control volunteers from crops containing the Roundup Ready Gene.
Allow at least 1 day after treatment before tillage
Annual weeds generally will continue to germinate from seed throughout the growing season. Repeat treatments may be necessary to control later germinating weeds, in some situations.
For additional information and precautions, refer to the "General Information" and "Mixing and Application" sections of this label (4.0 and 5.0, respectively).

7.5 WEED CONTROL IN GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT CANOLA (I.E. VARIETIES WITH THE ROUNDUP READY GENE)

WARNING: APPLY GLYPHOGAN PLUS LIQUID HERBICIDE ON GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT CANOLA VARIETIES ONLY I.E VARIETIES WITH THE ROUNDUP READY GENE.

NOTE: ALWAYS USE PEDIGREED (I.E. CERTIFIED) GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT CANOLA SEED. CANOLA WHICH IS NOT DESIGNATED AS GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT WILL BE DAMAGED OR DESTROYED BY THIS TREATMENT.

For additional information and precautions refer to the “General Information” and “Mixing and Application” sections of the Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide label (4.0 and 5.0, respectively).
Apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide in glyphosate tolerant canola only as directed in the following weed control table.
Some short-term, visual yellowing may occur when Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide is applied at the late application 4 to 6 leaf stage of the crop. This effect is temporary and will not influence crop growth, maturity or yield.

DO NOT APPLY BY AIR

The following table describes the rate and specific application instructions for control of annual and perennial weeds in glyphosate tolerant canola varieties

WEED CONTROL IN CANOLA WITH THE ROUNDUP READY GENE

RATE (L/ha): 0.825 - 1.875
GROWTH STAGE: 0 to 6 leaf
WEEDS CONTROLLED:
Annual Grasses
wild oats, green foxtail, volunteer barley, volunteer wheat, barnyard grass
Annual Broadleaves
stinkweed, redroot pigweed, wild mustard, Russian thistle, lambs-quarters, non-glyphosate tolerant volunteer canola (rapeseed), hempnettle, ladys thumb, kochia, chickweed, corn spurry, wild tomato, cleavers*, wild buckwheat*, shepherds purse*, cow cockle*, nightflowering catchfly*, smartweed*, storksbill*, flixweed*, narrow-leaved hawksbeard*, round-leaved mallow***
Perennials (suppression)** Canada thistle, Perennial sow thistle, Dandelion 
Perennials (season long control) Quackgrass**, foxtail barley***, Canada thistle****, Perennial sow thistle****
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
Repeat applications may be required if a second flush of weeds germinates prior to canopy closure. Ensure the crop has not advanced beyond the recommended growth stage.
* Use the 1.25 L/ha rate for control of these weeds at all crop growth stages. The lower rate can be used for control of shepherd’s purse, cow cockle and nightflowering catchfly at the 1-3 leaf stage of the crop or for control of smartweed at the 4-6 leaf stage.
**A single application at the 1.25 L/ha rate is required
***Sequential applications at the 1.25 L/ha rate are required.
**** Sequential applications at the 1.25 L/ha rate are required or a single application of 1.875 L/ha.
For sequential applications, ensure the crop has not advanced beyond the recommended growth stage.
Maximum 2.5 L/ha is allowed for the postemergence use.

7.5.1 TANK MIXTURES

For season long control of top growth of Canada thistle and control of wild buckwheat in glyphosate tolerant canola (i.e., varieties with the Roundup Ready Gene), apply a tank mixture of 0.28 L/ha of Lontrel 360 with 1.25 L/ha of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide, in 100 litres of water per hectare.
Apply when canola is in the 2-6 leaf stage. Refer to the Lontrel 360 and to the Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide label for list of other weeds controlled, timing of application, water volumes and use precautions.


7.6 WEED CONTROL IN GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT SOYBEAN (I.E. VARIETIES WITH THE ROUNDUP READY GENE)

WARNING: APPLY GLYPHOGAN PLUS LIQUID HERBICIDE ON GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT SOYBEAN VARIETIES ONLY; I.E. VARIETIES WITH THE ROUNDUP READY GENE.

NOTE: ALWAYS USE PEDIGREED (CERTIFIED) SOYBEAN SEED DESIGNATED AS GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT. SOYBEANS WHICH ARE NOT DESIGNATED AS GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT WILL BE DAMAGED OR DESTROYED BY THIS TREATMENT.

DO NOT APPLY BY AIR

RATE (L/ha): 2.5
GROWTH STAGE: First trifoliate leaf stage through flowering
WEEDS CONTROLLED:
Velvetleaf, common ragweed, common lamb’s quarters, redroot pigweed, smooth pigweed, cocklebur, green smartweed, lady’s-thumb, Pennsylvania smartweed, Eastern black nightshade, wild mustard, wild buckwheat, foxtail (green, yellow, giant), barnyard grass, crabgrass (smooth, large), quackgrass, fall panicum, wild proso millet, wild oats, volunteer barley, volunteer wheat, stinkweed, Russian thistle, non-glyphosate tolerant canola (rapeseed), hempnettle, kochia, chickweed, corn spurry, wild tomato, cleavers, shepherd's purse, cow cockle, night flowering catchfly, stork's bill, flixweed, narrow leaved hawk's-beard common milkweed1,2, yellow nutsedge1,2, field bindweed2, perennial sow thistle3, Canada thistle3, wire-stemmed muhly3.
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
1 A single application of 2.5 L/ha will provide suppression only.
2 For control of common milkweed, yellow nutsedge, round-leaved mallow and field bindweed, a second sequential application may be at least 2 weeks after the first application.
A second 2.5 L/ha application will improve control in heavy infestations.
A second 2.5 L/ha application may be used for late weed flushes emerging after the initial treatment.
Any second application made the flowering stage of the soybean.
Common milkweed should be 15-60 cm in height and actively growing.
Yellow nutsedge should be 5-15 cm in height and actively growing.
Perennial sow thistle and Canada thistle should be from
the rosette stage to 50 cm in height and actively growing.
Wire-stemmed muhly should be 10-20 cm in height and actively growing.
Plants not fully emerged at the time of application will escape treatment.

RATE (L/ha): 5.0
GROWTH STAGE: First trifoliate leaf stage through flowering
WEEDS CONTROLLED: All weeds listed above plus horse-nettle3
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
Only one application per season at 5.0 L/ha.
Common milkweed should be 15-60 cm in height and actively growing.
Yellow nutsedge should be 5- 15 cm in height and actively growing.
Plants not fully emerged at the time of application will escape treatment.
(3) For season-long control of horse-nettle (Solanum carolinense) at the 2- to 12-leaf stage, apply 5.0 L/ha.
Alternatively, sequential applications of 2.5 L/ha followed by 2.5 L/ha may be applied.
Applications should be at least 2 weeks apart for best results.

* Weeds will be more easily controlled and early crop competition avoided with applications made when the weeds are small. Control of weeds greater than 25 cm in height will be inconsistent, although some weeds may be controlled.

7.6.1 TANK MIXTURES

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Pursuit Herbicide

For added residual control of late germinating eastern black nightshade, common lamb’s quarters, redroot pigweed, velvetleaf, fall panicum and wild proso millet, Pursuit herbicide may be tank mixed with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide at a rate of 2.5 litres per hectare. Use 0.16 to 0.21 litres per hectare of Pursuit and apply up to and including the 3rd trifoliate leaf stage of the Roundup Ready soybeans in 100-200 litres per hectare of clean water. The higher rate is recommended for heavier infestations. This tank mix is recommended primarily for soybean systems with row spacings of 50 centimetres (20 inches) or more where a single application timing is desired.
Mixing: Add and mix Pursuit as per instructions on the Pursuit label and then add Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide as per instructions on this label. 
A PHI of 100 days is required for the tank mix of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide and Pursuit herbicide on glyphosate tolerant soybeans.
Only one application per season of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide at 2.5 litres per hectare tank mixed with Pursuit herbicide at 0.16 to 0.21 litres per hectare is permitted.
Refer to the Pursuit herbicide label for further safety precautions and handling instructions.

♦ Weeds will be more easily controlled and early crop competition avoided with applications made when the weeds are small. Control of annual weeds greater than 25 cm in height will be inconsistent, although some weeds may be controlled.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Assure II Herbicide

RATE (L/ha): 2.5-5.0 L/ha Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide + 0.25 - 0.38 L/ha Assure II Herbicide
GROWTH STAGE: First trifoliate leaf stage through flowering
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Volunteer Roundup Ready Corn. Apply at the 2-6 leaf stage of the weed.
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): See additional information following this table.

*Sure Mix may or may not be added to this tank mix

Volunteer Roundup Ready Corn Control

For control of volunteer Roundup Ready Corn, Assure II Herbicide may be tank mixed with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide. Use 2.5-5.0 litres per hectare Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide and 0.25 - 0.38 litre per hectare of Assure II Herbicide.
The higher rate of Assure II may be required when there are high populations of volunteer Roundup Ready corn, other grass weeds are present or when conditions at application are not favorable for weed growth.
Apply in 100-300 litres per hectare of clean water.
Mixing: Add and mix Assure II as per instructions on the Assure II label and then add Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide as per instructions on this label.
This tank mix is to be applied when the crop is from the first trifoliate leaf stage through flowering and when the volunteer Roundup Ready Corn is at the 2-6 leaf stage.
A PHI (preharvest interval) of 80 days is required for a tank mix of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide and Assure II Herbicide on Roundup Ready (glyphosate tolerant) soybeans.
Refer to the Assure II Herbicide label for further safety precautions and handling instructions.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide and Classic 25 DF Herbicide*


For season-long control of dandelion, annual sow thistle, and yellow nutsedge, apply Classic 25 DF Herbicide at 36 grams per hectare plus either Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide at 2.5 litres per hectare*. Add a non-ionic surfactant such as Agral 90, Citowett Plus, or Ag-Surf at 0.2% v/v. Apply when soybeans are in the 1-3 trifoliate stage; dandelions and annual sow thistle less than 15 cm tall and across; and up to the 8 leaf stage for yellow nutsedge. USE THIS TANK MIXTURE ONLY ON SOYBEANS WITH THE ROUNDUP READY® TRAIT.
Consult the Classic 25 DF Herbicide label for tank mixing instructions and use precautions including instructions on replanting to other crops.

*Use this tank mix only in cases of heavy infestation of yellow nutsedge.

Pursuit is a registered trademark of BASF Agrochemical Products B.V. Netherlands.
Assure and Classic are registered trademarks of E.I. duPont Canada Company.

7.7 WEED CONTROL IN GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT CORN I.E., VARIETIES WITH THE ROUNDUP READY GENE

WARNING: APPLY GLYPHOGAN PLUS LIQUID HERBICIDE ON GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT CORN VARIETIES ONLY; I.E., VARIETIES WITH THE ROUNDUP READY GENE.

NOTE: ALWAYS USE PEDIGREED (CERTIFIED) CORN SEED DESIGNATED AS GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT. CORN WHICH IS NOT DESIGNATED AS GLYPHOSATE TOLERANT WILL BE DAMAGED OR DESTROYED BY THIS TREATMENT.

DO NOT APPLY BY AIR

RATE (L/ha): 2.5
GROWTH STAGE: Up to and including 8 leaf stage
WEEDS CONTROLLED:
Velvetleaf, common ragweed, common lamb’squarters, redroot pigweed, smooth pigweed, cocklebur, green smartweed, lady’s-thumb, Pennsylvania smartweed, Eastern black nightshade, wild mustard, wild buckwheat, foxtail (green, yellow, giant), barnyard grass, crabgrass (smooth, large), quackgrass, fall panicum, wild proso millet, wild oats, volunteer barley, volunteer wheat, stinkweed, wild mustard, Russian thistle, nonglyphosate tolerant canola (rapeseed), hemp-nettle, kochia, chickweed, corn spurry, wild tomato, cleavers, shepherd’s purse, cow cockle, nightflowering catchfly, stork’s-bill, flixweed, narrow-leaved hawk’sbeard common milkweed1,2, yellow nutsedge1,2, roundleaved mallow2, field bindweed2, perennial sow thistle3, Canada thistle3, wire-stemmed muhly3
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
(1) A single application of 2.5 L/ha will provide suppression only.
(2) For control of common milkweed, yellow nutsedge, roundleaved mallow and field bindweed, a second sequential application may be at least 2 weeks after the first application.
A second 2.5 L/ha application will improve control in heavy infestations.
A second 2.5 L/ha application may be used for late weed flushes emerging after the initial treatment.
Any second application must be applied no later than the 8 leaf stage of the corn.
Common milkweed should be 15-60 cm in height and actively growing.
Yellow nutsedge should be 5- 15 cm in height and actively growing.
Perennial sow thistle and Canada thistle should be from the rosette stage to 50 cm in height and actively growing.
Wire-stemmed muhly should be 10-20 cm in height and actively growing.
Plants not fully emerged at the time of application will escape treatment.

RATE (L/ha): 5.0
GROWTH STAGE: Up to and including 6 leaf stage
WEEDS CONTROLLED: All weeds listed above
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
Only one application per season at 5.0 L/ha.
Common milkweed should be 15-60 cm in height and actively growing.
Yellow nutsedge should be 5- 15 cm in height and actively growing.
Plants not fully emerged at the time of app

RATE (L/ha): 2.5 + 0.75-1.0 kg ai/ha atrazine*
GROWTH STAGE: Up to and including 5th leaf stage
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Residual control of lamb’s-quarters, redroot pigweed, common ragweed
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
Tank mix should be used when only a single application timing is desired. Use the higher rate of atrazine for heavier weed infestations.

RATE (L/ha): 2.5 + 2.5-3.7 L/ha Marksman
GROWTH STAGE: Up to and including 5th leaf stage
WEEDS CONTROLLED: Residual control of lamb’s-quarters, redroot pigweed, common ragweed
COMMENTS (Apply in 50 - 100 L/ha water): 
Tank mix should be used when only a single application timing is desired. Use the higher rate of atrazine for heavier weed infestations.

♦Weeds will be more easily controlled and early crop competition avoided with applications made when the weeds are small. Control of weeds greater than 25cm in height will be inconsistent, although some weeds may be controlled.

* 0.75-1.0 kg ai atrazine/ha is equivalent to 1.56-2.08 L/ha Clean Crop Atrazine 480 or Aatrex Liquid 480, or 0.83-1.11 kg/ha Aatrex Nine-O.

Marksman is a registered trademark of BASF AG.
Clean Crop Atrazine 480 is a trademark of United Agri Products.
Aatrex and Aatrex Nine-O are registered trademarks of Syngenta group company.

8.0 PERENNIAL WEED CONTROL

ALWAYS READ PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS, GENERAL INFORMATION and MIXING and APPLICATION SECTIONS (3.0, 4.0 AND 5.0) PRIOR TO SPECIFIC APPLICATION INFORMATION IN ANY LABEL SECTION.

DO NOT APPLY BY AIR

When applied as recommended under the conditions described, this product will control the perennial weeds listed in the following table:

8.1 PERENNIAL WEED CONTROL WITH GLYPHOGAN PLUS LIQUID HERBICIDE

WEED: Quackgrass (control, light to moderate infestations)
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: 3 to 4 green leaves or more
RATE (L/ha): 2.5
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 50 - 300
COMMENTS: Apply in clean water using flat fan nozzles. Allow 3 or more days after treatment before tillage. Refer to "Quackgrass"
notes in section 8.2.1 for more information. For higher water volumes (i.e. 150 - 300 L/ha) an approved surfactant must be added at 0.5 litres per 100 litres of clean water (0.5% v/v). Refer to list in section 8.2.2. See also below.

WEED: Quackgrass (long term control, heavy infestations, high water volumes)
APPLICATION:
GROWTH STAGE: 3 to 4 green leaves or more
RATE (L/ha): 2.5 - 7.0
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 50 - 300
COMMENTS: Allow 3 or more days after treatment before tillage. Rates higher than 2.5 L/ha will provide more consistent, longer term control, especially with heavier infestations and/or higher water volumes (ie 150-300 L/ha). Refer to "Quackgrass" notes in section 8.2.1 for more information.

WEED: Canada Thistle
APPLICATION:
GROWTH STAGE: Rosette stage (summerfallow)
RATE (L/ha): 2.5
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 50-100
COMMENTS: Apply in clean water using flat fan nozzles. Allow 10 or more days after treatment before tillage. Refer to "Canada Thistle" notes in section 8.2.3 for more information.

WEED: Canada Thistle
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: Bud stage or beyond
RATE (L/ha): 4.75-7
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 100 - 300
COMMENTS: Allow 5 or more days after treatment before tillage.

WEED: Field Bindweed
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: Full bloom or beyond
RATE (L/ha): 7 - 12
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 100 - 300
COMMENTS: Allow 7 or more days after treatment before tillage.

WEED: Common Milkweed*
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: Bud to full bloom (preharvest)
RATE (L/ha): 2.5
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 50 -100 
GROWTH STAGE: Bud to full bloom 
RATE (L/ha): 12
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 100 - 300
COMMENTS:  See “Preharvest Treatment”(section 9.9.0) for more information. Allow 7 or more days after treatment before tillage. Reduced control may occur after full bloom. Milkweed may not all be in the correct stage, therefore, repeat treatments may be required.

WEEDS: Toadflax
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: Vegetative Stage (summerfallow), Bud to Full Bloom (preharvest
RATE (L/ha): 2.5
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 50-100
COMMENTS: Apply in clean water using flat fan nozzles. Allow 7 or more days after treatment before tillage in summerfallow. For more information, see “Toad Flax control” (section 8.2.4), or “Preharvest treatment” (section 9.9)

WEEDS: Alfalfa
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: Early bud to full bloom stage. Fall applications only
RATE (L/ha): 3.7 - 5.0
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 50 - 300
COMMENTS: Allow 5 or more days after treatment before tillage. Use the higher rates when alfalfa populations are high or when heavy grass infestations are also present. For spring applications and control in minimum tillage systems using a 2,4-D tank mix, see Section 8.2.6

WEEDS: Dandelion
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: < 15 cm
RATE (L/ha): 2.5
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 50 - 100
GROWTH STAGE: > 15 cm
RATE (L/ha): 3.7 - 5.0
WATER VOLUME (L/ha):50 - 300
GROWTH STAGE: Rosette to full bloom (preharvest)
RATE (L/ha): 2.5
WATER VOLUME (L/ha):50 - 100
COMMENTS: Allow 3 or more days after treatment before tillage for all rates. Use the higher rate when infestations are heavy. Refer to Dandelion notes in Section 8.2.5 for more information. Allow 7 or more days after treatment before tillage. For more information, see “Preharvest treatment” (section 9.9)

WEEDS: Foxtail barley
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: Seedling to heading
RATE (L/ha): 2.5-5.0
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 50 -100
COMMENTS: Allow a minimum of 1 day after treatment before tillage or seeding. Use higher rates for larger, more established plants, heavy infestations or if plants are stressed

WEEDS: Other Perennials (see listing section 6.2).
APPLICATION: 
GROWTH STAGE: Early heading or early bud stage
RATE (L/ha): 7 - 12
WATER VOLUME (L/ha): 100 - 300
COMMENTS: Allow 7 or more days after application before tillage.

*NOTE: For spot treatment, mix 120 mL of product in 5L clean water per 100 m2. (2.5 - 12 L/ha is approximately equivalent to 25 - 120 mL/100 m2, respectively).

8.2 SPECIAL NOTES FOR PERENNIAL WEED CONTROL

8.2.1 QUACKGRASS

For season-long control on fall tilled ground: Apply 2.5L/ha of this product in spring prior to seeding. Apply in 50 to 100 L/ha of clean water as described in the preceding table. Delay application until the majority of quackgrass plants have 4-5 green leaves. This stage usually occurs 1 to 4 weeks later on fall tilled ground than on undisturbed ground. Reduced control may result on ground tilled
deeper than 15 cm.

NOTE:
This treatment will provide season-long control of quackgrass on fall tilled ground. Reduced control will be experienced versus this product on non-fall tilled ground. Repeat treatments may be necessary.
Applications on forages should be followed by tillage 3 days or later and should be made when good growing conditions exist.
If a frost has occurred, wait several days to determine if the quackgrass has recovered. Quackgrass can be treated after a mild frost provided there are 3 to 4 green leaves actively growing at the time of application. Do not apply after the first damaging frost in the fall.

8.2.2 Surfactants:

The following is a list of approved surfactants for use with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide for control of quackgrass:
Agral 90 Companion, Ag Surf, Frigate®

Always refer to surfactant label for specific instructions regarding use of that product.

Frigate® is a registered trademark of Syngenta group company.

8.2.3 CANADA THISTLE


Control of Canada Thistle at the rosette stage: To ensure the proper timing of application the following steps must be followed:
1.Conduct summerfallow tillage as usual and perform the last tillage operation between July 15th and August 1.
2.Allow the thistles to regrow for a minimum of 5 weeks until they are a minimum of 15cm in diameter and in the rosette stage of growth.
NOTE: Canada thistle can be treated after a mild frost provided the leaves are still green and actively growing at the time of application. Do not apply after the first damaging frost in the fall.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Banvel Tank Mixtures

For control of Canada thistle (and perennial sow thistle) in summerfallow or in post-harvest stubble, apply 1.7 L/ha Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus 1.25 L/ha Banvel in 100-200 L/ha of clean water. In addition, add 350 mL/ha of a non-ionic surfactant registered for use with this product, such as Agral 90, Ag Surf, or Companion.
For best results in summerfallow, cultivate in the spring and apply when the majority of thistles are 15 cm to 25 cm tall and before the bud stage. Cultivate 3 weeks after application.
In post harvest stubble, apply this tank mixture to actively growing thistles at least 2 weeks prior to a killing frost.

NOTE:
Grow only cereals, canola (including rapeseed), soybeans, field corn, sweet corn, or white beans after application of this tank mixture.
If application is made after September 1st, or if soil moisture levels are extremely low after application, crop injury may occur in the spring following application.

8.2.4 TOADFLAX

Control of Toadflax in a Summerfallow Vegetative Stage

To ensure the proper timing of application, the following steps must be followed:
1.Conduct summerfallow tillage as usual and perform the last tillage operation between July 10-21.
2.Allow toadflax to regrow for a minimum of 4-5 weeks until they are minimum of 15 cm tall and at a lush green vegetative stage.
Note: Toadflax can be treated after a mild frost provided the leaves are still green and actively growing at the time of application. Do not apply after the first damaging frost.

8.2.5 DANDELION

Applications should be made up to and including bloom for best results. Follow-up control measures should be used to manage new dandelions germinating from seed to maintain control throughout the season.

8.2.6 ALFALFA CONTROL WITH 2,4-D TANK MIX:

The addition of 2,4-D may improve alfalfa control in situations where control may be more difficult to obtain, such as in minimum tillage systems where populations are heavy, and with spring applications.
For fall control of established stands of alfalfa, apply 2.5 - 5.0 L/ha Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide and 1.2 - 2.4 L/ha of any 500 g/L 2,4-D amine or low volatile ester formulation in 100-200 L water/ha. (Adjust product rates accordingly for other 2,4-D formulations).
For spring applications, use only the low rate of 2,4-D (i.e. 1.2 L/ha) and 2.5 - 5.0 L/ha Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide. Only cereal crops not underseeded to legumes may be planted following spring applications of this tank mix, and a 14 day interval between application and planting is required.
Use the higher Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide rates when perennial grasses are prevalent.

8.2.7 ALL PERENNIAL WEEDS

Weed Stages: Weeds must be at the proper stage for effective control. Refer to "Perennial Weed Control with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide"(section 8.1).
Nozzle Type: For best results with conventional boom equipment apply this product with 50 to 300 L/ha of clean water using flat fan nozzles and no more pressure than 275 kPa.
Rhizome Dormancy: Reduced control may result if rhizomes have become dormant. Dormancy may occur if soil fertility is low and/or the land has not been tilled for several years.
Mowing Effects: Mowing prior to application will reduce effectiveness unless weeds are allowed to regrow to the proper stage before application.
Tillage Effects: Fall or spring tillage prior to spring applications and tillage between harvesting and fall applications will reduce the effectiveness on perennial weeds. Follow-up tillage after application should be delayed 5-7 days for best results (see Weed Control Tables, section 7.1 and 8.1, for specific tillage interval for each weed).
Rainfall Effects: Heavy rainfall immediately after application may wash the chemical off the foliage and a repeat treatment may be required. Do not apply if rainfall is forecast for the time of application.
Regrowth from Germinating Seeds: This product only controls emerged plants. Repeat treatments or other weed control measures may be required to control weeds regenerating from seeds or other underground parts.
Frost Effects: Heavy frosts prior to application may reduce control. Do not apply after the first damaging frost in the fall.

9.0 CROPLAND SITUATIONS

ALWAYS READ PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS, GENERAL INFORMATION and MIXING and APPLICATION SECTIONS (3.0, 4.0 and 5.0) PRIOR TO SPECIFIC APPLICATION INFORMATION IN ANY LABEL SECTION.

DO NOT APPLY BY AIR EXCEPT FOR PREHARVEST AERIAL APPLICATION (SECTION 9.9.2)

This product can be applied as a broadcast spray or spot treatment prior to planting all crops, post harvest to annual crops, preharvest in wheat, barley, oats, canola (rapeseed), flax (including low linolenic acid varieties), lentils, peas, soybeans, dry beans and forages, and in summerfallow. It may also be applied as a broadcast spray in glyphosate tolerant corn, soybean or canola i.e. varieties with the Roundup Ready gene (see Sections 7.5, 7.6, 7.7). It may also be applied as a directed spray in orchards, vineyards, blueberries and strawberry, and using selective equipment in soy and dry beans, orchards, vineyards, cranberries and strawberry (refer to specific sections below for more information). For specific instructions on weed control in the following cropping situations, always refer to the Annual and Perennial Weed Control sections (7.0 and 8.0) for more information.

9.1 PRIOR TO PLANTING - ALL CROPS

This product may be applied prior to planting all crops for control of emerged weeds listed on this label. Ensure weeds are at the desired stage at the time of application. This product does not provide pre-emergent weed control and newly germinating weeds may be a problem in the crop. APPLY BEFORE SEEDING OR TRANSPLANTING.

9.1.1 PRIOR TO PLANTING – TANK MIXES* - SOYBEANS

*TANK MIXES – REFER TO THE RESPECTIVE PRODUCT LABELS WHEN TANK MIXING FOR USE RATES, CAUTIONS/WARNINGS, MIXING INSTRUCTIONS, RECROPPING RECOMMENDATIONS AND OTHER DETAILS.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Pursuit Herbicide

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Pursuit Herbicide can be applied prior to or after seeding, but before crop emergence. Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide will control emerged weeds listed on this label when applied as directed (refer to Annual and Perennial Weed control sections in the Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide product label). Pursuit Herbicide will control weeds germinating from seed.
ONLY SOYBEANS, WHITE BEANS, KIDNEY BEANS, PROCESSING PEAS, FIELD CORN, SPRING BARLEY, SPRING WHEAT AND WINTER WHEAT MAY BE PLANTED THE SEASON FOLLOWING A PURSUIT APPLICATION. WINTER WHEAT MAY BE PLANTED THE SAME YEAR AS A PURSUIT APPLICATION TO SOYBEANS, BUT NOT EARLIER THAN 100 DAYS AFTER THE APPLICATION.

DO NOT APPLY AFTER CROP EMERGENCE

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus metribuzin (Sencor 75 DF Herbicide, Sencor 500F Flowable Herbicide, Sencor 480F Flowable Herbicide, Sencor Soybean Flowable Herbicide, or Lexone DF Herbicide)
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds taller than 4 cm in soybeans, apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide in tank mix with Sencor 75 DF Herbicide, Sencor 500F Flowable Herbicide, Sencor 480F Flowable Herbicide, Sencor 480 Soybean Flowable Herbicide or Lexone DF Herbicide as a preplant surface or pre-emergence application before crop emergence.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Dual Magnum Herbicide or Dual II Magnum Herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds in soybeans. Apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide in tank mix with Dual Magnum Herbicide or Dual II Magnum Herbicide at 1.15 – 1.75 L/ha as a preplant surface (up to 30 days before planting) or preemergence application before crop emergence.
Perennial weeds such as quack grass may not be controlled with lower rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide. Use higher rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide if perennial weeds are present.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Dual Magnum Herbicide or Dual II Magnum Herbicide plus metribuzin (Sencor 75DF Herbicide, Sencor 500F Flowable Herbicide, Sencor 480F Flowable Herbicide, Sencor Soybean Flowable Herbicide or Lexone DF Herbicide)
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds in soybeans.
Apply as a preplant surface (up to 30 days before planting) or pre-emergence application before crop emergence. Perennial weeds such as quack grass may not be controlled with lower rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Broadstrike Dual Magnum Soybean Herbicide
Broadstrike Dual Magnum Soybean Herbicide at 1.56 L/ha may be tank mixed with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide at 2.5 L/ha for control of existing annual weeds and certain perennial weeds including quack grass. This tank mix may be applied preplant surface or pre-emergence in minimum till or no-till conditions. When mixing, add the Broadstrike Dual Magnum Soybean Herbicide component first.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Frontier Herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Frontier Herbicide preplant surface or pre-emergence.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus linuron
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus linuron after seeding but before crop emergence.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Axiom DF Herbicide
Preplant Surface:
For use in conservation tillage, minimum-tillage or no-tillage crop production systems, when weeds are present at the time of application, apply the Axiom DF Herbicide treatment in tank mixture with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide. Apply Axiom DF Herbicide in a minimum of 200 L/ha of total volume.
Preemergence:
Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Axiom DF Herbicide may be applied to the soil surface as a broadcast spray after planting of the crop, but prior to weed or crop emergence. For conservation tillage systems: Apply this tank mixture in a minimum of 200 L/ha of total volume.

9.1.2 PRIOR TO PLANTING – TANK MIXES* - CORN

*TANK MIXES – REFER TO THE RESPECTIVE PRODUCT LABELS WHEN TANK MIXING FOR USE RATES, CAUTIONS/WARNINGS, MIXING INSTRUCTIONS, RECROPPING RECOMMENDATIONS AND OTHER DETAILS.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Dual Magnum Herbicide or Dual II Magnum Herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds in corn. Apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide in tank mix with Dual Magnum or Dual II Magnum at 1.25 to 1.75 L/ha as a preplant surface (up to 30 days before planting) or pre-emergence application before crop emergence.
NOTE: The use on corn is for EASTERN CANADA ONLY.
Perennial weeds such as quack grass may not be controlled with lower rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide. Use higher rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide if perennial weeds are present.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Dual Magnum Herbicide or Dual II Magnum Herbicide plus Aatrex Nine-O Herbicide or Aatrex Liquid 480 Herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds in corn. Apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide in tank mix with Dual Magnum Herbicide or Dual II Magnum Herbicide at 1.25 – 1.75 L/ha plus Aatrex Nine-0 Herbicide at 1.1 - 1.7 kg/ ha or Aatrex Liquid 480 Herbicide at 2.1 - 3.1 L/ha as a preplant surface (up to 30 days before planting) or pre-emergence application before crop
emergence.
NOTE: The use on corn is for EASTERN CANADA ONLY.
Perennial weeds such as quack grass may not be controlled with lower rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide. Use higher rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide if perennial weeds are present.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Primextra II Magnum Herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds in corn apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Primextra II Magnum preplant surface or pre-emergence application before crop emergence. This tank mixture requires the use of a surfactant, either Agral 90 or Ag-Surf. See mixing instructions for more information.
Perennial weeds such as quack grass may not be controlled with lower rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide. Use higher rates of Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide if perennial weeds are present.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Fieldstar Herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Fieldstar Herbicide as a preplant surface or pre-emergence application before crop emergence.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Frontier Herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Frontier Herbicide as a preplant surface or pre-emergence application before crop emergence.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Prowl herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Prowl herbicide after seeding but before crop emergence.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus linuron herbicide
For burndown and residual control of selected annual weeds apply Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus linuron herbicide after seeding but before crop emergence.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Converge Pro Herbicide or Converge 75 WDG Herbicide
Surface Preplant:
When weed growth is present at the time of application, Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide can be added to the Converge Pro Herbicide or Converge 75 WGD Herbicide + atrazine treatment for burndown control of these weeds. Do not incorporate.
Preemergence:
CONVERGE 75 WDG Herbicide can be applied to the soil surface up to 14 days prior to planting.
CONVERGE 75 WDG Herbicide must be tankmixed with atrazine when applied as a surface preplant application. Converge Pro Herbicide or Converge 75 WGD Herbicide can also be applied after planting to just prior to crop emergence. Atrazine and/or Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide can be tank mixed with pre-emergent applications of Converge Pro Herbicide or Converge 75 WGD Herbicide .
Apply Converge Pro Herbicide at 165-220 mL per hectare, or Converge 75 WGD Herbicide at 105- 140 g per hectare, tankmixed with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide at 2.5 litres per hectare for burndown control of emerged weeds in all tillage management systems and improved control of established dandelion in zero-tillage management systems. A three-way tankmix of Converge Pro Herbicide or Converge 75 WGD Herbicide + atrazine + Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide can be used to provide residual control of the weeds listed in the Converge Pro Herbicide or Converge 75 WGD Herbicide + atrazine section.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Axiom DF Herbicide 
Preplant Surface:
For use in conservation tillage, minimum-tillage or no-tillage crop production systems, when weeds are present at the time of application, apply the Axiom DF Herbicide treatment in tank mixture with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide. Apply Axiom DF Herbicide in a minimum of 200 L/ha of total volume.
Preemergence:
Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Axiom DF Herbicide may be applied to the soil surface as a broadcast spray after planting of the crop, but prior to weed or crop emergence.
For conservation tillage systems: Apply this tankmix in a minimum of 200 L/ha of total volume.
Sencor and Axiom are registered trademarks of Bayer.
Lexone is a registered trademark of E.I. duPont Canada Company.
Dual, Magnum and Primextra are registered trademarks of Syngenta group company.
Broadstrike and Fieldstar are trademarks of Dow Agrosciences LLC.
Frontier is a registered trademark of BASF Corporation.

9.2 POST HARVEST STUBBLE TREATMENT

This product may be applied in the fall as a postharvest stubble treatment for control of perennial weeds such as quackgrass and Canada thistle. Allow weeds to regrow to the desired stage (20-25 cm tall for quackgrass and Canada thistle) before application and ensure they have a high proportion of green coloration. Straw should be removed or evenly spread to allow for proper regrowth and spray coverage. Heavy frosts prior to application may decrease control.

9.3 SPOT TREATMENT (IN-CROP)

This product can be applied as an in-crop spot treatment in barley, corn, oats, soybeans, wheat, strawberry, blueberry, forage grasses and legumes including seed production. Applications should be made using the same rates and at the same growth stages as listed in the weed control tables (7.1, 8.1) or use a 1 percent solution for annual weeds and quackgrass and a 2 percent solution for other perennial weeds (a 1percent solution equals 1 litre Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide in 100 litres of spray solution). One or two per cent solutions should be applied to wet, but not run-off. Applications can be made using a boom sprayer, hose and handgun, or hand sprayer in accordance with instructions in the "Application Equipment" section (5.2).

9.3.1 Applications can be made up to heading of small grains, initial pod set on soy and dry beans, silking of corn and emergence of seed heads. The crop in the treated area will be killed. Take care to avoid drift for the same reason. DO NOT APPLY IF CROP GROWTH HAS ADVANCED BEYOND SEED SET. ALLOW 3 TO 5 DAYS FOR GLYPHOGAN PLUS LIQUID HERBICIDE TO TRANSLOCATE INTO ALL PLANT PARTS BEFORE GRAZING OR HARVESTING TREATED AREAS IN FORAGES.

9.4 SUMMERFALLOW TREATMENT
This product, or labelled tank mixtures, may be applied in summerfallow to control weeds listed on this label. Ensure weeds are at the desired growth stage and actively growing at application for best results. Reduced control may result if weeds are drought stressed. Weeds will continue to germinate from seed throughout the growing season. Repeat treatments may be necessary to control later germinating weeds.

9.5 MINIMUM AND ZERO TILLAGE CROPPING SYSTEMS (ALL FIELD CROPS, INCLUDING CEREALS, OILSEEDS, PULSES, FORAGES, CORN AND POTATOES)

This product may be applied prior to seeding or after seeding, but before crop emergence for control of emerged weeds in minimum and zero tillage cropping systems for all field crops. Applications made too far in advance of seeding may allow weeds to emerge between application and crop emergence, as this product does not provide residual weed control.

Minimum and Zero Tillage Tank Mixtures

9.5.1 Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus 2,4-D amine or ester can be applied prior to seeding or after seeding, but before crop emergence in wheat, winter wheat, barley, and rye. Refer to “Annual Weed Control with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide Tank Mixtures” table for information (section 7.2).

9.5.2 Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus bromoxynil (Pardner) can be applied prior to seeding or after seeding, but before crop emergence in wheat, barley and oats. Refer to “Annual Weed Control with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide Tank Mixtures” table for information (section 7.2).

9.5.3 Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Pursuit® can be applied prior to, or after, seeding, but before crop emergence in soybeans. Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide will control emerged weeds listed on this label when applied as directed (refer to “Annual and Perennial Weed Control” sections, 7.0 and 8.0). Pursuit will control weeds germinating from seed. Add the recommended rates of both products in 100 litres of water/ha, following the instructions on the Pursuit herbicide label.

ALWAYS REFER TO THE PURSUIT LABEL FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON WEEDS CONTROLLED, APPLICATION DIRECTIONS, AND USE PRECAUTIONS. ONLY SOYBEANS, FIELD CORN, SPRING BARLEY, SPRING WHEAT AND WINTER WHEAT MAY BE PLANTED THE SEASON FOLLOWING A PURSUIT APPLICATION. WINTER WHEAT MAY BE PLANTED THE SAME YEAR AS A PURSUIT APPLICATION TO SOYBEANS, BUT NOT EARLIER THAN 120 DAYS AFTER THE APPLICATION.

DO NOT APPLY AFTER CROP EMERGENCE

® Pursuit is a registered trademark of BASF Corporation.

9.5.4 Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus MCPA can be applied prior to seeding in wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn (field and sweet; MCPA amine only), flax and field peas (MCPA amine only). Refer to “Annual Weed Control with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide Tank Mixtures” table for information (section 7.2).

9.5.5 Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Buctril M® can be applied prior to seeding in wheat, rye, corn, barley, oats, flax, canary seed and seedling grasses (including brome grass, crested wheatgrass, Intermediate wheat grass, slender wheatgrass, tall wheatgrass, Russian wild rye, timothy, orchard grass, creeping red fescue, meadow fescue, meadow foxtail, seedling tall fescue, seedling meadow bromegrass, seedling streambank wheatgrass and reed canary grass). Refer to “Annual Weed Control with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide Tank Mixtures” table for information (section 7.2).

9.5.6 Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus MCPA amine can be applied prior to seeding in lentil and chickpea. Refer to “Annual Weed Control with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide Tank Mixtures” table for information (section 7.2).

9.5.7 Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide plus Express Toss-N-Go Herbicide Or Express Toss- N-Go® Dry Flowable 75% Herbicide in pre-seed situations, wheat and barley may be seeded after a minimum of 24 hours after application. Refer to “Annual Weed Control with Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide Tank Mixtures” table for information (section 7.2).

ALWAYS REFER TO THE EXPRESS® TOSS-N-GO HERBICIDE OR EXPRESS TOSS-N GO DRY FLOWABLE 75% HERBICIDE LABEL FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON APPLICATION DIRECTIONS, TANK MIXING, AND USE PRECAUTIONS.

9.6 FORAGE LEGUMES AND GRASSES
This product may be applied for control of emerged weeds prior to emergence of forage legumes and grasses. If the forages are to be under-seeded with a cover crop, this product must be applied prior to planting the cover crop.

9.7 PASTURE RENOVATION
Use this product to control or suppress existing vegetation for zero-tillage seeding of legumes into established sod for pasture renovation. Delay spraying until weed growth is at least 20 cm in height and a maximum number of seedlings or shoots have emerged. Application can be made immediately before, during or after seeding, but before crop emergence.

9.8 FORAGE SEED PRODUCTION
For spot treatment control of perennial weed problems such as quackgrass and Canada thistle in seed fields, apply as directed to vegetation that is at least 20 to 25 cm in height but before emergence of seed head. The crop in the treated areas will be killed. Take care to avoid drift outside target area for the same reason.

9.9 PRE-HARVEST CONTROL OF QUACKGRASS, CANADA THISTLE, MILKWEED, TOADFLAX and DANDELION; SEASON-LONG CONTROL OF PERENNIAL SOW THISTLE, AND HARVEST MANAGEMENT

For control of quackgrass, Canada thistle, common milkweed, toadflax and dandelion; and seasonlong control of perennial sow thistle, Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide can be applied prior to harvest of wheat, barley (including malting barley), oats, canola (rapeseed) (including glyphosate tolerant varieties), flax (including low linolenic acid varieties), lentils, peas, dry beans, soybeans (including glyphosate tolerant varieties) and forages. DO NOT apply to crops if grown for seed production.
This treatment may also provide harvest management benefits, by drying down crop and weed vegetative growth, for example, where late flushes of annual weeds, green vegetative crop growth, or late tillering may interfere with harvest operations. EXTREMELY COOL, WET AND/OR CLOUDY WEATHER CONDITIONS BETWEEN THE TIME OF APPLICATION AND THE ANTICIPATED HARVEST DATE MAY SLOW DOWN ACTIVITY OF THIS PRODUCT, THEREBY DELAYING CROP DRYDOWN AND HARVEST DATE.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide should be applied pre-harvest at 2.5 L/ha in 50 to 100 L/ha of clean water, by ground application only. Apply only when the crop has 30 percent or less grain moisture content. This stage typically occurs 7 to 14 days before harvest. For forage crops, apply this product at 2.5 - 5.0 L/ha 3-7 days prior to the last cut before rotation or forage renovation. Consult the table "Guidelines for Timing of Preharvest Applications" (section 9.9.1) for visual indicators of this stage in each crop. For the best weed control results quackgrass should be actively growing and have at least 4 to 5 green leaves. Canada thistle and perennial sow thistle should be actively growing and at or beyond the bud stage for best results. Common milkweed should be at the bud to bloom stage and actively growing for best results. Applications for weed control (not for harvest management) must be made at the correct stage of both weed and crop growth.
Apply only during the period 7-14 days (or 3-7 days for forage applications) before harvest to ensure best weed control and to maximize harvest management benefits. Earlier application may reduce crop yield and/or quality, and may lead to excess glyphosate residues in the crop.
Overspray or drift to important wildlife habitats such as bodies of water, wetlands (e.g. sloughs), shelterbelts, woodlots and other cover on the edges of fields frequented by wildlife, should be avoided. Leave a 15 meter buffer zone between the last spray swath and the edge of any of these habitats.
Do not expose or contaminate any body of water or non-target vegetation by direct application, spray drift, or when cleaning and rinsing spray equipment.

DO NOT APPLY BY AIR

9.9.1 GUIDELINES FOR TIMING OF PREHARVEST APPLICATIONS

CROPS: WHEAT/BARLEY/OATS
PERCENT GRAIN MOISTURE: Less than 30
VISUAL SYMPTOMS: Hard dough stage; a thumbnail impression remains on seed.

CROPS: CANOLA (including glyphosate tolerant varieties)
PERCENT GRAIN MOISTURE: Less than 30
VISUAL SYMPTOMS: Pods are green to yellow; most seeds are yellow to brown.

CROPS: FLAX (including low linolenic acid varieties)
PERCENT GRAIN MOISTURE: Less than 30
VISUAL SYMPTOMS: Majority (75%-80%) of bolls are brown.

CROPS: PEAS
PERCENT GRAIN MOISTURE: Less than 30
VISUAL SYMPTOMS: Majority (75%-80%) of pods are brown

CROPS: LENTILS
PERCENT GRAIN MOISTURE: Less than 30
VISUAL SYMPTOMS: Lowermost pods (bottom 15%) are brown and seeds rattle.

CROPS: DRY BEANS
PERCENT GRAIN MOISTURE: Less than 30
VISUAL SYMPTOMS: Stems are green to brown in colour; pods are mature (yellow to brown in colour); 80%-90% leaf drop (original leaves).

CROPS: SOYBEANS
PERCENT GRAIN MOISTURE: Less than 30
VISUAL SYMPTOMS: Stems are green to brown in colour; pod tissue is dry and brown in appearance; 80%- 90% leaf drop.

CROPS: FORAGES
PERCENT GRAIN MOISTURE: Not applicable
VISUAL SYMPTOMS: Normal stage for forage harvesting.

9.9.2 PREHARVEST AERIAL APPLICATION

Refer to general guidelines for aerial application in Sections 5.2 and 5.3 as well as specific application instructions in this section.

RESTRICTED USE

AERIAL PREHARVEST APPLICATION PRAIRIE PROVINCES ONLY (including PEACE RIVER REGION OF B.C.

NOTICE TO USER: This pest control product is to be used only in accordance with the directions on the label. It is an offence under the Pest Control Products Act to use this product in a way that is inconsistent with the directions on the label. The user assumes the risk to persons or property that arises from any such use of this product.

NATURE OF RESTRICTION:
This product is to be used only in the manner authorized. For use only by aerial applicators and aerial application services approved by the provincial regulatory agency to apply this product with aerial application equipment. To qualify for consideration of provincial approval, the following requirements must be demonstrated to the provincial regulatory agency:

1. Aircraft used in the application of this product must have been configured and calibrated to acceptable standards at a recognized calibration (patternation) clinic within 20 months of the date of application. The spray system must not have been subjected to major changes (new nozzles, booms or configurations) since the calibration, and must meet critical drift management standards e.g. maximum boom width 65% of wing span; nozzle type, size and orientation to minimize drift and deliver droplet size VMD in the coarse (400 – 600 microns) or very coarse (600 – 1000 microns) range.
2. Aircraft used in the application of this product must carry a minimum of $25,000 drift insurance in addition to any provincial requirements for general comprehensive insurance coverage.
3. Applicators using this product must have successfully completed a ROUNDUP herbicide aerial application training course provided by MANA Inc.
4. Aerial application services applying this product must employ on staff at least one pilot applicator with at least 250 hours of actual aerial application time and a minimum of 100 hours within the last 24 month period. All pilots who do not meet the minimum experience standard must work under the direct daily supervision of a qualified pilot.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide may be applied with aerial application equipment for control of quackgrass, Canada thistle, common milkweed, toadflax and dandelion, and season-long control of perennial sow thistle. Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide can be applied prior to harvest of wheat, barley (including malting barley), oats, canola (rapeseed), flax (including low linolenic acid varieties), lentils, peas, dry beans and soybeans. DO NOT apply to any crops if grown for seed production.
This treatment may also provide harvest management benefits, by drying down crop and weed vegetative growth, for example, where late flushes of annual weeds, green vegetative crop growth, or late tillering may interfere with harvest operations.

EXTREMELY COOL, WET AND/OR CLOUDY WEATHER CONDITIONS BETWEEN THE TIME OF APPLICATION AND THE ANTICIPATED HARVEST DATE MAY SLOW DOWN ACTIVITY OF THIS PRODUCT, THEREBY DELAYING CROP DRYDOWN AND HARVEST DATE.

Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide should be applied at 2.5 L/ha in 20 – 50 L/ha of clean water with aerial application equipment. Apply only when the crop has 30% or less grain moisture content. This stage typically occurs 7 to 14 days before harvest. Consult the table “Guidelines for Timing of Preharvest Applications” (Section 9.9.1) for visual indicators of this stage in each crop. For the best weed control results quackgrass should be actively growing and have at least 4 to 5 green leaves. Canada thistle and perennial sow thistle should be actively growing and at or beyond the bud stage for best results. Common milkweed should be at the bud to bloom stage and actively growing for best results. Applications for weed control (not for harvest management) must be made at the correct stage of both weed and crop growth. Apply only during the period 7 – 14 days before harvest to ensure best weed control and to maximize harvest management benefits. Earlier application may reduce crop yield and/or quality, and may lead to excess glyphosate residues in the crop.

9.11 TREE, VINE, BERRY AND OTHER CROPS

This product is recommended for annual and perennial weed control in established vineyards or orchards, in blueberry, cranberry and strawberry, or for site preparation prior to transplanting tree and vine crops. Applications may be made with boom equipment, shielded sprayers, hand-held and high volume orchards guns, or with wiper applicator equipment (orchards, vineyards, cranberry and
strawberry only). See "Mixing and Application Equipment Information" (section 5.2) and the following table for specific information on the use of equipment.
Repeat treatments may be necessary to control weeds originating from underground parts of untreated weeds or from seeds. This product does not provide residual or pre-emergent weed control. For subsequent weed control, follow a program using residual herbicides or use repeated applications of this product. Do not apply more than 35 litres of this product per hectare per year.

EXTREME CARE MUST BE EXERCISED TO AVOID CONTACT OF HERBICIDE SOLUTION, SPRAY, DRIFT, OR MIST WITH FOLIAGE OR GREEN BARK OF TRUNK, BRANCHES, SUCKERS, FRUIT, CANES OF BLUEBERRY BUSHES, OR OTHER PARTS OF TREES OR VINES. CONTACT OF THIS PRODUCT WITH OTHER THAN MATURED BROWN BARK CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS CROP DAMAGE.

Reduced control may result when applications are made to annual or perennial weeds that have been mowed, grazed or cut and have not been allowed to regrow to the recommended stage for treatment.

Crop: Apples, Apricot, Cherry (Sweet/ sour), Peaches, Pears, Plums
Rate (L/ha): 2.25-12
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): 30
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 3
Weeds Controlled: Annual and perennial weeds
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):

Crop: Apples, Grapes
Rate (L/ha): Tank Mix 2.25-12 + Simazine 2.0-4.5 kg ai/ha
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): -
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 1
Weeds Controlled: Annual and perennial weeds
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control): 
- Will provide season-long pre-emergent control
- Do not apply to coarse, sandy or gravelly soil
- Use according to the more restrictive label direction for each product in the mix
- DO NOT apply to orchards or vineyards that have been established less than 1 or 3 years, respectively
- Simazine rate is equivalent to 2.25-5.0 kg/ha Princep® Nine-T®, or 4.0-9.0 kg/ha Simadex®

Crop: Grapes
Rate (L/ha): 2.25-12
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): 14
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 3
Weeds Controlled: Annual and perennial weeds
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
- Remove all sucker growth from the spray zone before spraying, except for the Concord variety of grape
- Suckering should be conducted within 2 weeks prior to application
- Do not apply to vines which have been established less than 3 years

Crop: Highbush (cultivated) blueberry
Rate (L/ha): 2.8-5.6
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): 30
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 1
Weeds Controlled: Quackgrass
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
-Use as a directed spray, with no more than 275 kPa pressure.

Crop: Lowbush blueberry
Rate (L/ha): 1-2% solution (spot application)
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): Apply in nonbearing year only
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 1
Weeds Controlled: Woody brush (section 6.3)
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
- Apply as a directed spray in mid-summer of the vegetative (non-bearing) year
- See section 9.3 for instructions on spot treatments

Crop: Filberts Hazelnut (established plantations)
Rate (L/ha): 2.25-3.5
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): 14
Max. Appl. per Yr.:
Weeds Controlled: Anual weeds
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
-Use as a directed spray, with no more than 275 kPa pressure.

Crop: Walnut, Chestnut, Japanese heartnut
Rate (L/ha): 2.25-12
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): -
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 2
Weeds Controlled: Annual and perennial weeds
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
-Apply late spring and fall, post-harvest but prior to a killing frost
- Apply in 200-300 L water as a directed spray, using no more than 275 kPa pressure
- Apply alternatively as a 2% wiper solution (see Wiper Applications, section 9.12)

Crop: Cranberry 
Rate (L/ha): 20% Solution (1L Glyphogan Plus Liquid Herbicide + 4L water)
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): 30
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 1
Weeds Controlled: Annual and perennial weeds
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
- Apply using wick or wiper applicators (section 9.12)

Crop: Strawberry
Rate (L/ha): 1-2% solution (spot application) 33% solution (wiper application)
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): 30
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 1
Weeds Controlled: Emerged perennial weeds
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
- Apply when weeds are at a susceptible growth stage (see sections 8.1, 2)
- See section 9.3 for instructions on spot treatments
- See section 9.12 for instructions on wiper applications

Crop: Sugar beets
Rate (L/ha): 1-2% solution (spot application)
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): Treated crop MUST NOT be harvested
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 1
Weeds Controlled: Dodder species
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
- Apply when dodder is vigorously growing but before flowering.
- See section 9.3 for instructions on spot treatments

Crop: Asparagus
Rate (L/ha): 1.25 - 2.5
Pre-Harvest Interval (days): 7
Max. Appl. per Yr.: 1
Weeds Controlled: Fall seeded rye grass
Comments (Refer to sections 7.1 and 8.1 for specific rates for weed control):
-Apply in spring before emergence of crop shoots

Princep and Nine-T are registered trademarks of Syngenta group company.
Simadex is a registered trademark of Bayer.

NOTE TO USER: READ THE FOLLOWING BEFORE USING THIS PRODUCT FOR THE INDICATED SPECIAL USE APPLICATIONS: (NORTH AMERICAN GINSENG).

The DIRECTIONS FOR USE for this product for the use(s) described on this label were developed by persons other than MANA Inc. and accepted for registration by Health Canada under the User Requested Minor Use Label Expansion program. MANA Inc. itself makes no
representation or warranty with respect to performance (efficacy) or crop tolerance (phytotoxicity) claims for this product when used on the crop(s) listed on this label.
Accordingly, the Buyer and User assume all risks related to performance and crop tolerance arising, and agree to hold MANA Inc. harmless from any claims based on efficacy and/or phytotoxicity in connection with the use(s) described on this label.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE

ALWAYS REFER TO THE PRODUCT LABEL FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON WEEDS CONTROLLED, APPLICATION DIRECTIONS, AND USE PRECAUTIONS.

NORTH AMERICAN GINSENG

New Gardens (British Columbia only): Apply this product in the fall after seeding but before freeze-up in new gardens only to control volunteer cereals. Apply when weeds are at the growth stages listed on the product label. Use a single application of 2.5 litres per hectare in 50 to 100 litres water per hectare. DO NOT USE A FALL APPLICATION IN ESTABLISHED/EXISTING GARDENS.

Existing/Established Gardens: Apply this product in the spring before the crop has emerged from the soil. Apply when weeds are at the growth stages described in the product label. A maximum of two 2.5 litres per hectare applications in 50 to 100 litres water per hectare may be made in a season. DO NOT USE A FALL APPLICATION IN ESTABLISHED/EXISTING GARDENS.


9.12 SELECTIVE EQUIPMENT

WIPER APPLICATORS

This product may be applied with a wiper applicator, after dilution and thorough mixing with water, to listed weeds in soy and dry beans, grapes, orchards, cranberries, lowbush blueberries and strawberries.
Applications must be made before initial pod set in soy and dry beans. (It may also be used in any industrial, tree planting and non-crop site specified on this label. See sections 9.10, 10.1.)

A wiper applicator applies the herbicide solution onto weeds by rubbing the weed with an absorbent material containing the herbicide solution. Wiper applicators include either roller or wick devices which physically wipe appropriate concentrations or amounts of this product directly onto the weed. Equipment must be designed, maintained and operated to prevent the herbicide solution from contacting desirable vegetation. Performance may be improved by reducing speed in areas of heavy weed infestations to insure adequate wiper saturation. Best results may be obtained if 2 applications are made in opposite directions.

AVOID CONTACT WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION. Contact of the herbicide solution with desirable vegetation may result in damage or destruction. Applicators used above desired vegetation should be adjusted so that wiper contact point is at least 5 cm above the desirable vegetation. Droplets or foam of the herbicide solution settling on desirable vegetation may result in discoloration, stunting or destruction.

Applications should be made when the weeds are a minimum of 15 cm above the desirable vegetation. Best results may be obtained when more of the weed is exposed to the herbicide solution. Weeds not contacted by the herbicide solution will not be affected. This may occur in dense clumps, severe infestations, or when the height of the weeds varies so that not all weeds are contacted. In these instances, repeat treatments may be necessary. See the “Weed Control” tables in this label (sections 7.1 and 8.1) for recommended stage of growth for specific weeds.

NOTES
. Maintain equipment in good operating condition. Avoid leakage or dripping onto desirable vegetation.
. Adjust height of applicator to insure proper contact with weeds.
. Keep wiping surfaces clean.
. Maintain recommended roller RPM on roller applicators while in use.
. Keep wiper material at proper degree of saturation with herbicide solution.
. DO NOT use wiper equipment when weeds are wet.
. DO NOT operate equipment at ground speeds below 4 and greater than 10 km/h. Weed control may be affected by speed of application equipment. As weed density increases, reduce equipment ground speed to insure good coverage of weeds.
. Be aware that on sloping ground the herbicide solution may migrate, causing dripping on the lower end and drying on the upper end of the wiper applicator.
. Variation in equipment design may affect weed control. With wiper applicators, the wiping material and its orientation must allow delivery of sufficient quantities of the recommended herbicide solution directly to the weed.
. Care must be taken with all types of wipers to insure that the absorbent material does not become over-saturated, causing the herbicide to drip onto desirable vegetation.
. With all equipment, drain and clean wiper parts immediately after using this product, by thoroughly flushing with water.

For Roller Applicators--Mix 0.5 to 1.0 litres of this product in 10 litres water to prepare a 5 to 10 percent solution. Roller speed should be maintained at 50 to 150 rpm.
For Wick or other Wiper Applicators--
Mix 1 litre of this product in 2 litres of water to prepare a 33 percent solution.

 

Effective
Crops
Apple trees
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Apricots
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Cherries
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Peaches
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Pears
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Plums
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Vines
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
14
Crops
Blueberries
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.8 - 5.6
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Hazelnuts
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 3.5
Preharvest Interval
14
Crops
Walnuts
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Chestnuts
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Cranberries
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Strawberries
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.25 - 12
Preharvest Interval
30
Crops
Asparagus
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
1.25 - 2.5
Preharvest Interval
7
Crops
Canola
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
0.825 - 1.875
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Soybeans
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.5 - 5
Preharvest Interval
-
Crops
Corn, maize
BBCH
0 - 0
Registred norm
2.5 - 5
Preharvest Interval
-
Effective
Barnyard grass
Barnyard grass
Echinochloa crus galli
Black bindweed
Black bindweed
Fallopia convolvulus
Brome grass
Brome grass
Bromus inermis
Canada blue grass
Canada blue grass
Poa compressa
Cattails
Cattails
Typha latifolia
Cleavers
Cleavers
Galium aparine
Cocklebur
Cocklebur
Xanthium strumarium
Common chickweed
Common chickweed
Stellaria media
Common dandelion
Common dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Common hempnettle
Common hempnettle
Galeopsis tetrahit
Common milkweed
Common milkweed
Asclepias syriaca
Common ragweed
Common ragweed
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Corn spurrey
Corn spurrey
Spergula arvensis
Cottontop
Cottontop
Digitaria californica
Cow cockle
Cow cockle
Vaccaria hispanica
Crabgrass
Crabgrass
Digitaria ischaemum
Curly dock
Curly dock
Rumex crispus
Dodder
Dodder
Cuscuta
Downy brome
Downy brome
Bromus tectorum
Eastern black nightshade
Eastern black nightshade
Solanum ptychanthum
European bindweed
European bindweed
Convolvulus arvensis
Fall panicum
Fall panicum
Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fat hen
Fat hen
Chenopodium album
Fleabane
Fleabane
Conyza canadensis
Flixweed
Flixweed
Descurainia sophia
Foxtail
Foxtail
Setaria faberi
Foxtail barley
Foxtail barley
Hordeum jubatum
Green smartweed
Green smartweed
Polygonum scabrum
Hemp dogbane
Hemp dogbane
Apocynum cannabinum
Hoary cress
Hoary cress
Lepidium draba
Japanese knotweed
Japanese knotweed
Fallopia japonica
Jimson weed
Jimson weed
Datura stramonium
Kochia
Kochia
Bassia scoparia
Lucerne
Lucerne
Medicago sativa
Narrowleaf hawksbeard
Narrowleaf hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Night flowering catchfly
Night flowering catchfly
Silene noctiflora
Pennsylvania smartweed
Pennsylvania smartweed
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Persian darnel
Persian darnel
Lolium persicum
Poison ivy
Poison ivy
Toxicodendron radicans
Prickly lettuce
Prickly lettuce
Lactuca serriola
Purple loosestrife
Purple loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
Quackgrass
Quackgrass
Elytrigia repens
Redroot pigweed
Redroot pigweed
Amaranthus retroflexus
Redstem filaree
Redstem filaree
Erodium cicutarium
Round-leaved mallow
Round-leaved mallow
Malva pusilla
Russian thistle
Russian thistle
Salsola kali
Shepherd's purse
Shepherd's purse
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Slim amaranth
Slim amaranth
Amaranthus hybridus
Sowthistle
Sowthistle
Sonchus spp.
Velvetleaf
Velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Vetches
Vetches
Vicia
Volunteer barley
Volunteer barley
Hordeum vulgare
Volunteer canola
Volunteer canola
Brassica napus
Volunteer corn
Volunteer corn
Zea mays
Volunteer flax
Volunteer flax
Linum usitatissimum
Volunteer wheat
Volunteer wheat
Triticum aestivum
Wild mustard, charlock
Wild mustard, charlock
Sinapis arvensis
Wild oat
Wild oat
Avena fatua
Wild proso millet
Wild proso millet
Panicum miliaceum
Wild tomato
Wild tomato
Solanum lycopersicum
Wormwood (Absinth)
Wormwood (Absinth)
Artemisia absinthium
Yellow nutsedge
Yellow nutsedge
Cyperus esculentus
Yellow toadflax
Yellow toadflax
Linaria vulgaris