Black pecan aphid

Melanocallis caryaefoliae

The black pecan aphid is the only black colored aphid that attacks pecan foliage.
- The adult may be various shades of green or black.
- Nymphs tend to be lighter in color than the adults, especially in spring when instars one through four have little dark pigment.
- Antennae are pale yellow with small amounts of black on several segments.
- Eyes are dark red and cornicles are short. In the other two aphid species present on pecan, cornicles are absent or greatly reduced.
Black pecan aphids have multiple generations each year, beginning development in March and continuing into November. Numbers generally peak in fall.
DAMAGE: Black pecan aphid feeding causes bright yellow, angular, 0.4 square inch spots to develop on the leaves between the veins. The spots die and turn brown, and just a few such spots cause a leaflet to shed. Premature leaf drop results in poor nut quality and reduced bloom in subsequent seasons.

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