Agrobase Turkey
Elma kara lekesi
Venturia inaequalis

Hastalık etmeninin genel özellikleri:
Venturia pirina Aderh. (anamorph: Fusicladium pyrorum (Lib.) Fuckel) Pear fungal bir hastalik etmen olup, kara leke olarak adlandirilir.Dünyada ekonomik olarak önemli hasaliklardan biridir ve duyarli kültüvarlarda ciddi zararlara neden olmaktadir. Hastalik tüm yönleri ile elma kara leke (Venturia inaequalis) hastaligina benzer ve her iki fungus biyolojik olarak ayni katogoride yer almaktadir. Armut kültüvarlari hastalik etmenine karsi oldukça farkli duyarlilik gösterir, yani bir bölgede dayanikli olan kültüvar diger bir bölgede hassas olabilir.Fungal etmen infekteli dallar üzerinde misel ya da yapraklarda kis gibi olumsuz kosullarini geçirir. Armutlarin yesil aksam ya da meyve infeksiyonlari elma kara leke fungusu ile elmalarin infeksiyonlari için gerekli olan sartlara çok benzemektedir. Fungal etmenin askosporlari ana inokulum kaynagidir. Askosporlar 6 ile 8 haftalik bir peryotta olgunlasmasini tamamlar ve infeksiyonlar ilk olarak baharin çiçek gözleri yesil uç devresindeyken olmaktadir. Yapraklarda kislayan askosporlar yagmurlarin yagmasi ile serbest kalir ve hava akimlariyla yesil aksama ya da meyvelere tasinir. Konidisporlar inokulumun ikincil enfeksiyon kaynaklaridir ve bunlar ya ana infeksiyonlar ile baslatilan lezyonlarda ya da infekteli dallarin püstülleri üzerinde üretilir. Bir çok sekonder infeksiyon gelisme sezonu boyunca ortaya çikar. Hastaligin gelisimi Infeksiyon için gerek duyulan islaklik ve sicakligin uzunlugu bagimlidir. Bu iki faktör önemli bir rol üstelenir. Hatta yaparaklarin islaklik süreleri belirlenerek hastaligin infeksiyonlarinin olup olamyacagina karar verilebilir. Kara leke belirtileri yapraklarda 8 gün ve daha yasli yapraklarda ise 2 ay kadar bir sürede ortaya çikmaktadir. Meyvelerde gençken çok duyarlidir, olgun meyveler ise islaklik süresinin artmasi ile uzun süre duyarli kalabilir.

Belirtileri:
Hastalığın belirtileri yaprak, meyve ve sürgünlerde görülür.Genellikle biraz geç olmasına karşın ilk simptomları çiçeklenme zamanı görebiliriz. Yaprağın alt ve üst yüzünde oluşan lekeler başlangıçta yağlımsı görünüştedir. Lekeler giderek zeytin rengini alır sonra da kahverengileşir. Kadifemsi yapıdadır ve zamanla lekeli kısımdaki doku ölür, üzerinde çatlaklar ve delikler oluşur. Ağır hastalıklı yapraklar sararır ve erkenden dökülürler. Meyvedeki lekeler yeşilimtırak olup zamanla kahverengine dönüşür. Küçük lekeler zamanla birleşerek bu kısımda meyvenin gelişmesini durdurur ve şekli bozuk meyveler oluşur. Sürgünde lekeler oval veya yuvarlak kabarcıklar şeklindedir. Püstül denilen bu kabarcıklar ilkbaharda çatlar. Püstüller zamanla birleşerek “uyuz” veya “sıraca” denilen yaraları oluşturur.

Mücadelesi:

Kültürel Mücadele:
Yere dökülen yapraklar sonbaharda toplanıp yakılmalı veya derince gömülmelidir. Sıracalı dallar budanarak bahçeden uzaklaştırılmalıdır. Ağaçlar yapraklardaki zemin daha hızlı kuruyabilmesi için hava akımına izin verecek şekilde taçlanmalı ve uygun aralıklarla dikilmelidir.

Kimyasal Mücadele:   İlaçlama Zamanları:
1. İlaçlama: Çiçek gözleri kabardığında (dal sıracası bulunan yerlerde 3–5 gün önce)
2. İlaçlama: Pembe rozet tomurcuğu döneminde (çiçekler ayrı ayrı görüldüğünde)
3. İlaçlama: Çiçek taç yaprakları %70–80 dökülünce
4. ve diğer ilaçlamalar ise iklim koşullarının hastalığın ilerlemesi için uygun olduğu durumlarda kullanılan ilaçların etki süreleri dikkate alınarak uygulanmalıdır.
Bu konuda tahmin ve Erken Uyarı Programı mevcut olup, kimyasal mücadele yapılmadan önce uyarı sisteminin bulunduğu İl ve İlçe Müdürlüklerinin uyarıları dikkate alınmalıdır.

İlaçlamalarda;
a) Dal sıracası bulunan yerlerde:
1. İlaçlamada, %2’lik Bordo Bulamacı veya hazır bakırlı preparatlardan birisi %0,8 dozunda
2. İlaçlamada hazır bakırlı preparatlardan birisi %0,4 dozunda veya diğer ilaçlardan birisi önerilen dozlarda kullanılmalıdır.
3. ve diğer ilaçlamalarda bakırlı ilaçlar dışındaki ilaçlardan birisi önerilen dozda kullanılmalıdır.
b) Dal sıracası bulunmayan yerlerde:
1. İlaçlama %1’lik Bordo Bulamacı veya hazır bakırlı preparatlardan birisi %0,4 dozunda kullanılmalıdır. Diğer ilaçlamalar dal sıracası bulunan yerlerde olduğu gibidir.

Effective on
Acclaim
Efficiency: ★★★
Acrux
Efficiency: ★★★
Acs-Forte
Efficiency: ★★★
Adastra
Efficiency: ★★★
Agn-Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Agn-Captan 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Agnicor SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Agricarde SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Agro-Bakir 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Agro-Bordomix
Efficiency: ★★★
Agro-Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Agro-Dodine 65 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Agrocrip
Efficiency: ★★★
Agrofarm Captan 50 F
Efficiency: ★★★
Agrofarm Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Agrogeneb ME 22
Efficiency: ★★★
Agrotanil 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Agshine 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Agtrol Bordeaux WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Aktraz
Efficiency: ★★★
Alabora SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Amaranth
Efficiency: ★★★
Amorium 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Angel 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Ansar
Efficiency: ★★★
Antalia 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Antracol WP 70
Efficiency: ★★★
Applore 25 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Artery 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Artosil
Efficiency: ★★★
Assos 300 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Astmazine 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Atreus
Efficiency: ★★★
Bacara 40 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Backhand
Efficiency: ★★★
Balear 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Banadoc WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Banker
Efficiency: ★★★
Banko 500
Efficiency: ★★★
Batuwest
Efficiency: ★★★
Baymenol F 71,5 F
Efficiency: ★★★
Bellis
Efficiency: ★★★
Bendazim 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Bensol 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Benvol 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Berrlan
Efficiency: ★★★
Best Bakir 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Best Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Best Forte 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Best Mayneb M-22
Efficiency: ★★★
Bestdodine 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Bestdodine 65 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Bestkur 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Birgin Forte 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Blue Cup 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
BlueMac 72 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
BlueMac-M 45
Efficiency: ★★★
Bluemax Bordolex
Efficiency: ★★★
Bordeaux Caffaro
Efficiency: ★★★
Bordeaux Gennova WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Bordocan 20 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Bordocop 20 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Bordoflow
Efficiency: ★★★
Bordomen
Efficiency: ★★★
Bordopower SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Borecaf
Efficiency: ★★★
Bravo
Efficiency: ★★★
Bravo 720 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Brust
Efficiency: ★★★
Calleon SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Camada
Efficiency: ★★★
Can Kaptan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Candit WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Cankozeb M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Canrex WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Cansa Dodine 65 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Cansa Karbendazol 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Cansaneb M-22
Efficiency: ★★★
Captan'H
Efficiency: ★★★
Carbanko SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Carbenil
Efficiency: ★★★
Carbistin 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Cardazim 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Carpaz 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Casaro 50 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Casnox H 2 F
Efficiency: ★★★
Cavalry 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Cekuram Forte
Efficiency: ★★★
Centurex
Efficiency: ★★★
Charge 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Chedar 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Chita 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Chorus 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Cirrus
Efficiency: ★★★
Clasico Göztaşi
Efficiency: ★★★
Click
Efficiency: ★★★
Cockpit 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Colony 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Conan 5 FL
Efficiency: ★★★
Conarc
Efficiency: ★★★
Contracool 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Copcide WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Coperat 20 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Coperat 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Cornell 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Cupravit OB 21
Efficiency: ★★★
Cuprenax 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Cuprenax Flow
Efficiency: ★★★
Cymthane 24 E
Efficiency: ★★★
Danua 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Defender 70 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Delan 70 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Difencore 25 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Dikotan M-22
Efficiency: ★★★
Dikozin M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Dinamo SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Dithane M-45 Special
Efficiency: ★★★
Divine Blue
Efficiency: ★★★
Dogaman 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Doğer Bakır 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Donazeb DF
Efficiency: ★★★
Dotanil 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Drench
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Bakirox 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Baksül
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Captanim 50 F
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Captanim 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Cotonil 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Donazol 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Etanop
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Göztaşim
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Kimarsol
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Kresdit 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal M-22
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Maco 72
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Maco M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Panç 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Proneb 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Pyross
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Sindezim
Efficiency: ★★★
Efdal Tebuzol 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Efficure 75 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Ekhon 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Embrelia 140 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Enercol
Efficiency: ★★★
Eradit WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Ertac M-22
Efficiency: ★★★
Ertar Bordo 20 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Ertar Captan SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Ertar Dodine 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Ertar Dodine 65 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Ertarcol 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Ertarcozeb Blue
Efficiency: ★★★
Ertarcozeb M 45 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Erwina
Efficiency: ★★★
Erzen 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Faban
Efficiency: ★★★
Festline Bakir 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Fiero Liquid
Efficiency: ★★★
Flint 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Flo-Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Flotrobin WG 50
Efficiency: ★★★
Folistar 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Folpan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Fossil 70 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Fourmen 70 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Fragman 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Fudine 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Fuentas
Efficiency: ★★★
Fulldazim 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Fumazin M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Fumazin M-45 BLUE
Efficiency: ★★★
Fundozol
Efficiency: ★★★
Funnil 500
Efficiency: ★★★
Gate 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Gennova Bakir 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Genozeb
Efficiency: ★★★
Göker Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Göztaşı
Efficiency: ★★★
Gurador
Efficiency: ★★★
Harvest 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Hekcap 50 F
Efficiency: ★★★
Hektaneb M-22
Efficiency: ★★★
Hektanil
Efficiency: ★★★
Hektanil 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Hektaş Bakir
Efficiency: ★★★
Hektaş Bordo 20 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Hekthiram Forte
Efficiency: ★★★
Hekvistin 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Hercai SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Hettynol 71.5 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Hexavil
Efficiency: ★★★
Hilcop WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Hostrakol 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Igzemix
Efficiency: ★★★
İlma Captan
Efficiency: ★★★
Indar 5 EW
Efficiency: ★★★
Isstop 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Jako 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Jasop
Efficiency: ★★★
Kambit
Efficiency: ★★★
Kazaska 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Keermony
Efficiency: ★★★
Kilex Bordeaux WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Kingcozeb M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Knoxboro
Efficiency: ★★★
Kocide Opti
Efficiency: ★★★
Koctel Opti WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Kor-Kunch 400 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Kor-Prex Dodine 65 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Korbett 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Koritus
Efficiency: ★★★
Korphanate 70 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Kortic 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Kortiram Forte 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Koruma Captan 500 FL
Efficiency: ★★★
Koruma Faltan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Koruma Göztaşı
Efficiency: ★★★
Koruma Kemdazin 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Kranch 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Külhane Gold 24 E
Efficiency: ★★★
Kuppa 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Lee-Moon 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Lena Guide 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Lenafruit 20WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Lorondal
Efficiency: ★★★
Luna Experience SC 400
Efficiency: ★★★
Macarana 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Maccani
Efficiency: ★★★
Magical 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Magnesya SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Manco 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Mandate
Efficiency: ★★★
Mangrif 75 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Manica Bordeaux Mixture
Efficiency: ★★★
Mankotam M 45
Efficiency: ★★★
Marde 80 DF
Efficiency: ★★★
Mareşal 30 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Mashona 50 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Mashona Ultra
Efficiency: ★★★
Mass Bakir 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Masscaptan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Massconil
Efficiency: ★★★
Masscozeb
Efficiency: ★★★
Massthiram
Efficiency: ★★★
Mastercop
Efficiency: ★★★
Mastergold
Efficiency: ★★★
Matabele WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Mayceb M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Mayoz 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Medicore 25 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Melintos
Efficiency: ★★★
Menta Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Menta M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Mentacol 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Mentagard
Efficiency: ★★★
Menthiram 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Merpan 80 WDG
Efficiency: ★★★
Metafor
Efficiency: ★★★
Metamix 80 DF
Efficiency: ★★★
Miclothane 24 E
Efficiency: ★★★
Milis 30 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Miracle 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Moncera
Efficiency: ★★★
Multyfix
Efficiency: ★★★
Mypos
Efficiency: ★★★
Mythos
Efficiency: ★★★
Nicarden
Efficiency: ★★★
Nildazim 550 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Nimbus 24 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Norat 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Nordox 75 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Nova Silence
Efficiency: ★★★
Odeon 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Ortoron
Efficiency: ★★★
Oxi Cup 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Oxi Cup-Flo
Efficiency: ★★★
Paraconil 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Paraconil 75 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Parody
Efficiency: ★★★
Parriter
Efficiency: ★★★
Penthium DF
Efficiency: ★★★
Pestige
Efficiency: ★★★
Piler Captan 50 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Piler Lint
Efficiency: ★★★
Piler-Maneb WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Piler - Thiram
Efficiency: ★★★
Piler Tos
Efficiency: ★★★
Pilercard SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Piram Forte
Efficiency: ★★★
Piston 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Pivot 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Placol 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Plantel
Efficiency: ★★★
PLatin Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Platin Carbendazin
Efficiency: ★★★
Playfarm DF
Efficiency: ★★★
Polycup Blue
Efficiency: ★★★
Pomarsol Forte 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Porticco 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Pounce DF
Efficiency: ★★★
Powercop
Efficiency: ★★★
Powersoul Forte
Efficiency: ★★★
Prelüd
Efficiency: ★★★
Prodinil SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Propicol 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Prostar WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Protect-Forte 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Puzol 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Pyrus 300 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Qualy 300 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Quartette 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Rapidox 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Regalo
Efficiency: ★★★
Remus
Efficiency: ★★★
Restorer 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Rhythm SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Rifit 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Rodazim 50WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Roko 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Rothalonil 75 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Roxen 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Rubin 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Safa Bakir 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Safa Captan 50 F
Efficiency: ★★★
Safa Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Safa Göztaşi
Efficiency: ★★★
Safacol 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Safconil 500 FL
Efficiency: ★★★
Safconil W 75
Efficiency: ★★★
Safener
Efficiency: ★★★
Sakozeb Blue
Efficiency: ★★★
Sakozeb M 45
Efficiency: ★★★
Saldeco 20 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Saldeco 20 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Sandazim 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Saneb M 22
Efficiency: ★★★
Santra Forte
Efficiency: ★★★
Sarfrex 65 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Scandal 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Scoop 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Score 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Scorpion 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Scrat 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Selfomil 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Selfrex 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Selfrex 65 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Serenade SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Sevencur 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Sevenhill 50 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Shamel F 71.5 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Shavit F 71,5 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Shuttle
Efficiency: ★★★
Sim bakir 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Sim Captan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Sim M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Smogg SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Snatch 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Solizol 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Sonorous 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Sparta 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Sprint
Efficiency: ★★★
Story 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Sunconil 500 FL
Efficiency: ★★★
Suncupro 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Suncupro-Bordo
Efficiency: ★★★
Sundazim 50 W
Efficiency: ★★★
Suns 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Sunthiram 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Super Captan'h 50 F
Efficiency: ★★★
Super Systhane 24 E
Efficiency: ★★★
Supera SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Supercozeb M 45
Efficiency: ★★★
Supercuprol
Efficiency: ★★★
Superpon 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Superprex 500 FW
Efficiency: ★★★
Suprend 500 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Systinil
Efficiency: ★★★
Takistin 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Taqat WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Taurica 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Tension 300 SC
Efficiency: ★★★
Thiflow
Efficiency: ★★★
Thira-Fort 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Tiganex
Efficiency: ★★★
Tiramil 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxantrakol
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxbakır 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxblue
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxblue M-45
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxcaptan 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxfisucur 25 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxhiram Forte 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxmaneb M-22
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxsal 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxsimutip WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxsisleyn 24 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxspore 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Topraxticopre WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Trailer
Efficiency: ★★★
Trifort 80 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Troopest 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Unilax M 45
Efficiency: ★★★
Vector 50 WG
Efficiency: ★★★
Veledrom 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Vinifill 24 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Violent 70 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Vividazim 50 WP
Efficiency: ★★★
Volitan Super
Efficiency: ★★★
Wendyzole 40 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Wrest 500 F
Efficiency: ★★★
Yungo Forte
Efficiency: ★★★
Zined 250 EC
Efficiency: ★★★
Topguard 125 SC
Efficiency: not_available